Sir Isaac Newton, born January 4th, 1643 in Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom, was an English physicist and mathematician. He was most famous for his law of gravitation and he played a big role in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. Newton was the son of a local farmer who was also named Isaac Newton. They had never met because his father died 3 months before he was born. Newton was born a premature baby. He was small, weak, and not expected to survive. At age 3 his mother and stepfather had left him with his maternal grandmother. He then enrolled at the King’s School in Grantham. At this point Newton was starting to show interest in chemistry. He reunited with his mother at age 12 and she had pulled him
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His work was brought to the attention of the mathematics community. Newton made contributions to all branches of mathematics, but he is most famous for his solutions to the contemporary problems in analytical geometry of drawing tangents to curves and defining areas bounded by curves. He also discovered that these problems were inverse to each other. He preferred the geometrical method of the Classical Greeks which he believed was “clearer and more rigorous”. He was one of the first to use fractional exponents and coordinate geometry to derive solutions to Diophantine equations which are algebraic equations with integer-only variables. He developed the so-called “Newton's method” for finding successively better approximations to the zeroes or roots of a function; he was the first to use infinite power series. He is credited with the binomial theorem, which describes the algebraic expansion of powers of a binomial (an algebraic expression with two terms, such as a2 - b2) and he made substantial contributions to the theory of finite differences (mathematical expressions of the form f(x + b) - f(x +