Isaac Newton: The Father Of Classical Physics

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This letter references to a great mathematician, astronomer and physicist called Isaac Newton. Newton is considered as the most original and influential theorist in the history of science. He is regarded to be the father of Classical Physics because he formulated the laws of motion and the theory of gravity .He invested a new theory of light and color and he was the original discoverer of the infinitesimal calculus.

Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. He was the only son of an illiterate yeoman, also named Isaac, who died three months before he was born. When Newton was three years old, his mother, Hannah Ayscough, remarried and went to live with her new husband, Barnabas Smith, leaving her son
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In the next year, Newton received his Master of Arts degree and became a senior fellow. His studies had impressed the Lucasian professor Isaac Barrow who resigned his chair, and was instrumental in securing Newton’s election as his successor. Newton was elected Lucasian professor on 29 October 1670. In 1672, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. Shortly after this, he communicated his first public paper, a brilliant but no less controversial study on the nature of color.

Robert Hooke, one of the original members of the Royal Academy and a scientist who was accomplished in a number of areas, including mechanics and optics was disagreed with Newton’s discoveries in optics and 1672 publication of ‘Opticks :Or, A treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colours of Light’. While Newton theorizes that light was composed of particles, Hooke believed it was composed of waves. The controversy between Hooke and Newton continued many
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During his stay in London he became friend with a famous philosopher, John Locke, and a brilliant young mathematician, Nicolas Fatio. Four years after, Newton suffered a serious nervous disorder. After his recovery Newton was looking for a new position in London. In 1696, with the help of a fellow of Trinity, Newton was appointed Warden and then Master of the Mind. In 1703 Hook died and Newton was elected president of the Royal Society. A year after, he published his second major work, The Opticks. In 1705, Newton was knighted by Queen Anne. Sir Isaac Newton was the second scientist to be knighted, after Sir Francis
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