presence can be identified but it is much more difficult to prove its absence (Gosseries et al., 2011). Causes The vegetative state just like other disorders of consciousness can occur due to three main reasons; the first and most common cause is a traumatic brain injury. As a result of a severe head injury, for example an injury sustained during a car accident, a fall from a great height, or a violent assault, a person can enter into a state of vegetative consciousness. According to Gosseries et al. (2011), in most cases where the damage is severe, patients usually die within a few days.
Introduction Autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is a condition that occurs in people with spinal injuries. This condition causes irregular heartbeats, high blood pressure, changes in skin color, sweating and muscle spasms. This condition is usually triggered by something and gets better once that trigger is removed. AD is a medical emergency and must be treated quickly. Untreated AD can lead to a stroke, heart attack, or seizure.
Which gives a better quality of life? To answer these questions we need more knowledge and a better understanding on what charcot syndrome foot actually is. Charcot foot disease is a very serious condition and it is very common in diabetic patients. (LC Rogers 2011) Increased blood sugar level in diabetics leads to damage of blood vessels, nerves and impaired circulation. Damage to nerves causes peripheral neuropathy, leading to deficits in sensation, autonomic dysfunction and motor impairments.
Rupture involving the splenic vein, the gastrointestinal tract, or the pancreatic ducts. Part 2: Causes and Risk Factors What causes splenic artery aneurysm? Possible causes include atherosclerosis, portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis, and pregnancy. Multiparity and pregnancy-associated hormonal effects as well as portal hypertension are believed to cause dilatation of the weak walls of the splenic artery. Other possible causes include congenital defects such as berry aneurysms and arterio-venous malformations.
Extra Credit Paper: Congestive Heart Failure There are many different diseases in the world today. One of those diseases is congestive heart failure. Congestive heart failure, according to Chris Linney, an Irish veterinarian, “is whereby abnormal cardiac function results in the accumulation and retention of water and sodium, most frequently resulting in pulmonary or systemic volume overload leading to congestion.” congestive heart failure takes place when the lungs can fill up with fluid, which can be fatal or can cause congestion. There are three different levels/types of congestive heart failure: 1) is acute congestive heart failure, 2) minimal congestive heart failure, and 3) advanced heart failure. Each of the levels has a variety of ways
Introduction Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system, causing damage to the nerve cells, which could cause permanent damage, leaving those who suffering from the disease with a myriad of lifelong issues. According to Mayo Clinic (2018), “Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected.” The damage varies from patient to patient; with many of the symptoms include numbness and tingling of the extremities, mental health issues, such as depression, vision issues, speech impairment, balance issues, and chronic fatigue, as well as incontinence and bowel issues. In more advanced stages, cognitive function can change, such as memory impairment,
2.4.4. Vascular disease (multi-infarct or post-stroke dementia) Vascular disease is the term which describes blood vessel disease. Three types of blood vessels: arteries, veins and lymphatics circulate the blood in the body but when the circulation of blood becomes disturbances in the brain function. This is second most common cause (10-20 %) of dementia (Jones & Román, 2004). Mainly, language problem, persons memory, other intellectual disabilities, impaired judgment, memory loss are the signs of vascular disease.
The main problem that the kidneys are prone to is kidney failure, also called acute renal failure. This is the condition where the kidneys lose their ability to stop working or perform their functions. The types of causes of this disorder are categorized based on when they take place, therefore there are the pre -renal, renal and the post- renal causes. The pre- renal causes are the ones that happen before the disease occurs, they include; blood-clotting issues, low blood pressure causing low blood volume (hypovolemia) in the kidney, urinary tract infections, dehydration and medication such as diuretics which cause water loss. Renal causes affect the kidney directly, they include sepsis (when the immune system is overwhelmed by infections which causes the kidney to shut down), medication which are toxic to the kidney e.g.
The sepsis, multisystem organ failure, thrombosis something called trauma triads which are a status of blood flow for perfusion states, heel injury and hyper coagulopathy development can predispose to things that can cause pulmonary embolism so those are the things that make it worse for the patient. 2. Discuss assessment of the pediatric trauma patient. Pediatric burns again could have multiple events such as terrorism or an accident. The big thing that concern first with second and third-degree burns is that we don’t concern ourselves with as far as the treatment.
There are first and secondary mitral valve prolapse syndrome. The causes of primary prolapse are hereditary or congenital diseases of the connective tissue of the heart. The reasons for secondary case of mitral valve prolapse are the same as for insufficiency: rheumatism or inflammation process of the heart. Sometimes it may be provoked by injuries of the
When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. (Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis) The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with