The House Altar of Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Three of their Daughters was used as an Altar to worship at in a domestic setting, unlike the Augustus of Prima Porta which was publicly displayed in a Roman marketplace. The ancient Roman and Egyptian cultures were very different. In Ancient Egypt the goal of life was to keep everything in order and methodical. The pharaoh’s job was to keep this order in Egypt. In contrast, Akhenaten was different, he was determined to change Egypt, just as Augustus was determined to change Rome.
Even the fall of their empire was like that of the far away Celtic civilization and countless others. The Aztecs, like most ancient civilizations, were practicing a polytheistic religion. The most well-known of those civilizations possibly being Ancient Greece. The similarities don’t end there; when most people think of the Aztecs and their religion, they think of their inimical ritual of sacrifice. Thousands of years before, in North Africa, the Carthaginians were sacrificing many of their people, even infants.
DBQ #2 The Islamic Caliphate gave way to much change in the Middle East during its reigning times, roughly 600-1300 C.E. Many political, economic, and social changes were imposed by the Caliph to different regions and cultures. New political changes were imposed on the people of Arabia and Africa. Christians and Jews also faced pressure from Muslims to convert due to benefits. Women’s rights also changed as part of the Caliphate.
The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks. The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations.
Alexander tortured many of his victims and then he killed them. Another reason why he was a villain because he killed members of his family so that he would become the ultimate successor to the throne. This should never be how a king becomes the ruler of his kingdom, ever. Even though I believe that Alexander the Great is a villain, others may think he was a hero. They may think that because he had conquered so many other nations.
One of my theories of how King Tut died was he was murdered. According to the text, it states, “It is believed that Aye understood the situation that surrounded King tut when he became pharaoh. How do we knew this? Well, Aye did in fact become pharaoh after Tut’s demise. Is it possible the elder advisor desired the throne so much that he would have killed for it?” This shows that it was that Aye wanted the throne so much that he would have killed King Tut.
During the year of exploration Hernan Cortez is recognized as one the most ruthless conquistadors from Spain. Cortez would lead an expedition that would cause the fall of the Aztec empire. The native people believed the Spanish were Gods sent from the sky, little did they know what they had in store for them. Hernan Cortez was able to conquer the indigenous people by disease, weapons, and most important the aid from native allies. Therefore, Cortez would successfully abolish the Aztec empire that would unlock many lands and riches that would benefit Europe.
They might say Alexander was killing all those people to spread the religion, but according to this quote from an ABC article “But according to some intriguing research, the young Macedonian's achievements may not have been as great as his name implies. The evidence suggests quite strongly that Greek material culture, at least, flourished as far away as the coast of what is now Israel at least a century before Alexander's conquests.”
In early literate civilizations, religion was largely characterized by the worship of and reverence for a collective body of deities that explain natural phenomena. These conceptual Gods played an incessant role in developing human consciousness, dictating both human thought and action. It is unsurprising, then, that the Gods of Homer’s Iliad direct the course of the epic’s characters and even the Trojan war itself. Indeed, the Iliad anthropomorphizes these divine beings and frequently showcases their interactions with both one another and the Trojan and Achaean soldiers, whether in the form of direct contact, prayer, or prophecy. Given Homer’s “distinguished, inclusive, and elastic” vision of the gods, Scholar Roy Hack proposes that Homer was a personal polytheist, signified further by his envisioned world being “effectively governed (throughout) by divine power.” Contrary to this, the actions of the Gods in the Iliad are often antithetical to the grandiose descriptions of their reputations and abilities found in other Greek literature.
This essay seeks to explore the different cosmogonies and eschatology’s of Egypt, Mesopotamia and Ancient Greece and how the myth, symbol and ritual contained in them are directly or indirectly related to the political and physical environment. When considering religions of the Ancient World it is evident that there is a significant relationship between myth and the physical environment. For example, when considering Ancient Egyptian religion, the cosmogony told by the Priests of Heliopolis dictated that an abyss of water was everywhere before the beginning of time. It was said that at the moment of creation, Atum, the high god, emerged from these waters. Atum took the form of a primal