While witches in the sense that they believed did not exist; in the popular mind they did, and it was this hysteria that was dangerous. Miller himself exemplifies this. Through his lense of The Red Scare he couldn’t see the true hysteria behind the witch trials only the facade. This within itself is a major piece of the social commentary. History repeats itself.
Many people accused of witchcraft were unable to prove themselves innocent. The boundaries and guildlines detecting witchcraft came from a book called The Malleus Maleficarium. Because of this book, many Europeans believed that witches and witchcraft was becoming a serious problem. The Europeans blamed the plague on witchcraft and began the purge the country
Supernatural forces in Macbeth, such as the three witches and their prophecies, cause Macbeth to murder the king, Duncan, and to embark on a path that ultimately leads to further tragedy. Superstition is “a belief or a way of behaving that is based on fear of the unknown and faith in magic or luck” or “a belief that certain events of things will bring good or bad luck.” First, Macbeth
ver time, humans have always created stories and conjured up personifications of evil to explain the unknown - whether it was the myth of the vampire, spurred on by Bram Stoker’s Dracula and the receding of skin that causes a corpse’s nails to appear longer, or the myth of Wendigos, a create of evil in Native American culture. Many cultures and civilizations, new and old, have their fairytales and monsters in the dark, to explain the unknown. We see this in Beowulf, where Grendel is a representation of Satanic evil in the Bible due to the heavy influence of faith in Germanic warrior society, as opposed to monsters in modern society such as the zombie, which is a reflection of evolving political fears. In Beowulf, the first antagonist the reader
“Impulsive actions led to trouble,and trouble could have unpleasant consequences”,(Stieg Larsson). The story of Romeo and Juliet is about two lovers from opposing family this cause problems for them.They met at the Capulet party where Romeo Juliet both fall in love with one and other. Juliet had asked Romeo to marry her and they impulsively married within meeting. Romeo murdered one of Juliet’s family members after he had killed Romeo close friend this cause Romeo to implusly kill him in anger. After that he was banished from his homeland, Juliet is forced to marry and the two lovers found out that both supposedly died so they both commit suicide.
The Crucible by Arthur Miller was written at a time of great strife in America. Fear of communism spread like wildfire as the cold war raged on, and people were suspicious of everyone. Evidence against accused communists was sorely lacking in hard proof, and there was no real way out once you were accused. In The Crucible a character, Reverend Hale, is introduced early on, who is considered an expert on witchcraft. However, Reverend Hale’s confidence soon fades as the witch trials begin to spiral out of control.
However, it raises a lot of questions. One of which is the question mentioned earlier, who is responsible for what happened? Who’s fault is it that Macbeth is so mad he says, “Oh, full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife!” (3.2.38). Is it really the witches fault? The role of the witches is to tell Macbeth his prophecies.
Released in 1958, Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo was not very popular, but as time went on, the film gained acclaim and became noted as the quintessential Hitchcock movie. After being released from his job as a detective because of his vertigo, John “Scottie” Ferguson is asked to follow his friend’s wife, Madeleine. As he investigates her, he begins to become obsessed with her, being drawn to her mystery. After she commits suicide by throwing herself off a bell tower, Scottie later sees a woman who looks exactly like Madeleine. His obsession pushes him to remake the woman, Judy, into another version of his dead lover.
With the temperament of the characters and the diction with which the author composed, the tale was able to draw the reader back to the 17th century, where the original history transpired. The pandemonium that occurred almost seems too absurd to be true; cries of witchcraft and claims of witnessing others conspire with the devil are anomalies that you would find only in a modern day horror film. To imagine living in an era in which these oddities are considered ordinary is nearly unbelievable, therefore making it difficult to fathom that these events ensued long
(Danforth, Act 3). Danforth shows the terrible effect in the Salem witch trials. This leaves out whether the people are trustworthy or telling the truth. He believes that children nor women would lie to him, but it somewhat fears him about the fear of witchcraft in a puritan society. In the Crucible, hysteria can engage by tearing up the whole community.
Many died from those trials and it was a great tragedy that left the community damaged. The idea of witches stemmed from religious folks believing that the Devil could give certain people, known as witches, the power to harm others in return for their loyalty (Smithsonian). Due to the popularity of religion and supernatural beliefs, many people believed that the source of evil was the Devil. This idea appeared in Europe as early as the 14th century and it was quite popular in New England colonies. Villagers often blamed unfortunate things upon the Devil and other spectral sources of evil due to their lack of knowledge.