In the city of Mecca, a man started a new religion known as Islam. This man was Muhammad who was born in about 570 C.E. While going to pray in a cave in the mountains of Mecca, an angel named Gabriel visited Muhammad. Gabriel proclaimed that Muhammad was a prophet, messenger of God. As he received messages from God, Muhammad began to teach and recite them to others. Over time, Islam attracted new followers through military conquest, trade, and the appeal of message, which contributed to the rapid spread of Islam.
While the Indian Ocean and Trans-Saharan trade routes both encouraged and facilitated the spread of Islam, the Indian Ocean saw a more extensive diffusion of disease, and traded across water instead of land.
“by Allah’s help, some 70,000 of them (the Greeks) were put to death.”(document A). Battle what does that mean? Does it mean conquering, fighting, killing. Well the world may never know but, the Muslims did. The expansion of the Islamic empire was a big time in history for the Muslims, it was their big breakthrough. The most important events that caused the expansion were the military, the treaty of Tudmir, and the granting of gifts. I think the most significant reason the Muslims had a big breakthrough and expanded was because the military. The military and other Muslims including women conquered the Greeks and took their land. “70,000 of them(the Greeks) were put to death.”(Document A). The Greeks tried so
Throughout history, many impactful and memorable empires have arisen. Each empire has its own defining traits that lead to its success or demise. Some empires are very similar, while some posses many different traits. And although some can possess the same quality, their implication and utilization of that quality can create many gaps in the empire’s overall similarity to the other. Two powerful and historically important empires are the Ottoman empire, and the Mughal empire. The two empires share many traits, but they also differ in many ways. However, although similar, the Ottoman empire and Mughal empire are fundamentally different because of their view on religious tolerance, utilization of military successes, and women’s rights.
In Africa during the Post-Classical era, 600-1450 CE, the Saharan was no longer a barren wasteland hardly suitable for travel, but, an essential part of both North African and Sub-Saharan West African societies. Camels and caravans allowed for quicker and more effective traveling. With trading becoming increasingly popular in this area, it provided the resources to build new and larger political structures. During this era, Africa’s economy began to change and the western part of Sub-Saharan was no different. With the Trans-Saharan trade routes ability to increase with the help of wealthier Islamic states, it allowed for the spread of religious and political ideas such as larger empires and the Islamic faith in which both greatly influenced
One way in which the societies of West Africa, Europe, and North America diverged was in their belief systems. Unlike Europe and North America, West Africa gradually adopted Islam in addition to its traditional religions. Islam diffused through the trans-Saharan trade with North Africa and by the 1200’s was assimilated into the Mali and Songhai Empire. The major benefit of taking up Islam was that it allowed for more wide ranging trade contacts with the non-African Muslim world as well as North Africa (“Pre-colonial African Religion”). On the other hand, Europe was the only society with Catholicism and Protestantism as its major religions after the Protestant Reformation. In other words, Europe was strictly monotheistic whereas West Africa combined Islam and traditional religions based on
Sikhism is monotheistic religion that is blends of Islam and Hinduism; Guru Nanak founded this religion in fifteen century. Sikhism has clear thought about remembering god all the time, equality between human kinds. Because Sikhism is a mixture religion, it has many similarities with Hinduism and Islam, and also it has many differences with them.
Islam is the second biggest religion and fastest growing in the world today. Islam is a religion that Muslims follow and is a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the prophet of Allah. For Muslims, Muhammad is the last prophet and Abraham is the patriarch of the Qur’an, Bible and Torah. Islam is followed by over a billion people and Muslims make up approximately one quarter of the world’s population. Islam spread quickly during the 600’s trade, choice, and conquest.
The Ottoman and Mughal empires both used Islam in their culture, economy, wars, and society. It influenced their art, the way they treated non-Muslims, their motivations for war. It is important to note that both empires were influenced differently by their majority religion. However, both the Ottomans and Mughals were heavily influenced as Islam was a major part of everyday life from the art to the bureaucracy.
The founder of the Buddhist, Siddhartha Gautama influences so many individuals with his doctrine. Many disciples came from all parts of the Ganges valley and became a community of monks who owned yellow robes and their begging bowls. Throughout northern India, the Buddha wanted to bring spiritual enlightenment to others as well as personal salvation. This meant an escape from the cycle of incarnation. “Early popularity of Buddhism was the organization of the Buddhist movement. From the days of the Buddha himself, the most enthusiastic and highly motivated converts joined monastic communities where they dedicated their lives to search for enlightenment and preaching Buddhist dharma to lay audiences.”(pg.126) The Mauryan dynasty reinforces the Buddhist movement. Ashoka found Buddhism as belief that could grant unity to his culturally various and far-flung realm.
In Indonesia, the first people arrived about 40,000 years ago, when sea level was joined to Asia by a land bridge and sea level was lower. In the end of the last ice age 10,000 BC a really big amount of new people came. At first they gathered plants for food, collected shellfish and hunted animals. By about 2,500 BC they learned to grow crops such as millet, bananas, rice and taro. The early farmers also made pottery with tools made of stone.
In many Muslim countries, the “f” word (feminism) has sparked tensions, conjuring images of domineering, family-hating woman; similar to other labels such as “Muslim” conjuring images of subjugated woman in the mind of the West. Although these stereotypes are true in a specific historical context, these may not be so when compared to a larger reality. Thus, this does not justify the hostility that follows. In fact, the term Islamic feminism becomes a global phenomenon during 1990s and is a contrast to secular
Antagonism can be defined as active hostility or opposition. India has a long tradition of religious tension. One of the most significant sustained religious conflicts has been between the Hindus and Muslims. This essay will focus on the causes of the Hindu-Muslim antagonism, and will at same time assess the quote of Sir S.A Khan.