After the cause of this politics change, Java grew a whole a lot more of population from around 2 million to 29 million and because of the politics they can regenerate the money that they either lose it or gain it. In 1916, the Netherlands gave the east part of Indies a degree of self-rule. And election party opened in 1918 but power was held by the governor of the Netherlands. The Indonesians who gave an advantage to most from education opportunities presented by the Ethical Period were mostly established by children. The Indonesians received a Western type of education to help them work in further experience and in increasingly large government service.
(van Dam 4) It is clear that the Dutch mostly wanted profit and economic domination in Indonesia, and were determined to complete those goals with the use of the East India Trading Company. Even in their map from 1753, there are no cities shown inside the island, even though Java was a major island. (Appendix 1) There was no plan to ever permanently stay on the island, so no infrastructure was set up after 150 years of cooperation. The Dutch did not have much care for the people of the region, nor did they want to set up a government or do missionary work. However, it was the VOC that served as the
After the invasion of the Fatimid Dynasty into Egypt, Islam began to spread through the rest of Africa. West Africa underwent many cultural changes under the rule of Islam. First, Africa changed when Islam’s impacts spurred a rise in education. Muslim scholars would go to Timbuktu to study and debate theology, and try to keep fellow scholars and African Muslims loyal to Islam and away from paganism. Timbuktu became a place of learning, enterprise, and culture.
While opponents of the empire fought, it helped Islam become a strong empire. Karen Armstrong, a modern writer about the culture of Islam explains how Persia and Byzantium engaged in long and exhausting wars (Doc D). These two empires weakened each other, without Islam having to get involved in the wars which would have weakened themselves. The empire that the Muslims upheld was extremely strong in its military and political aspects, which helped it to spread geographically. The success of military conquests led to the spread of the culture.
Islamisation was a sudden break of Hinduism history; after key conversions of men of prowess in the region, Islam became key to understanding social-political changes in Southeast Asia. The successful early Islamisation in Java caused old Hindu-Buddhist gods to be forgotten. Soon enough, "to be Javanese began to mean be Moslem" as well. (Jay, 1963) The interruption and spread of Islam cut spiritual linkages between Hinduized Southeast Asia and Brahmanic India. It ended Indian culture in what was deemed as "farther India".
For example, military campaigns contributed to the spread of Islam because while Muslims captured new land, they spread their religion at the same time. Another way Islam spread was through trade and trade routes in Mecca. As people traded and traveled through Mecca, they picked up on the Islamic religion and spread it to the lands they were traveling to. Lastly, people were attracted to the Islamic messages, which also contributed to the spread of Islam. Although a power vacuum in the region might explain some of it, Islam’s quick spread had three main causes: military conquest of new lands, bringing the Islamic faith with them.
Islam is a relationship between god, humankind and environment, a way of life and culture. It supports Africa in the development of culture and it’s economy. It became the largest religion in the country since the 10th century mostly in the Northern Africa and in the Mauritanians. The history of Islam in Africa can be put into three heading: How did it spread, where are they most located and what is its world population. What is the meaning of diversity and what is Islam perspective
Islam was not forced upon local residents of subjected areas. People who chose to not convert were given a tax, but they were not prosecuted for their religion. Local populations preferred Arab rule to that of the Byzantine or Sassanian Dynasties. The idea that all men were equal in the eyes of Allah and the connection between the “Peoples of the Book” brought more unity among practitioners of the religion. Islam was not intended for a particular social or ethnic group, so anyone could join the religion to become a believer.
First, in the 1950s were rapidly declining mortality caused a rapid change in the number, composition, and growth of the Indonesian population. At that time the population increased rapidly because fertility did not immediately follow the decline in mortality. Second, in the late 1970s, it was characterized by a relatively rapid decline in fertility rate. This second demographic transition is still ongoing, with the impact seen from the decline in population growth rates from the 1980s-1990s. Third, it began in the 1990s that changed the regional composition of the population in Indonesia.
Islam quickly spread in Arabian Peninsula and by the eighth century the empire of Islam was extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. Their Beliefs are oneness of god, prophets, revealed books, angels, predestination, and day of resurrection. It has 4 main denominations; Sunni, Shia, Ibadi and Sufism. More than %75 of Muslim population believes Sunni denomination.2 About %15 population of Muslims live in Sub-Saharan Africa3 which is include eastern part of Africa. Let’s take a closer look at Africa too.