Islam And Westernization Analysis

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• One of the consequences and aftermath of September 11 terrorist attacks is by the early 21st century many have concluded that Islam and Muslims are unreceptive and hostile to Westernization through its values, perspectives, practices and institutions. Huntington’s theory about civilizations and their inevitable clash was under the spotlight again and the rhetoric about the crusades brought back to life by the two supposedly clashing civilizations.
• The essay will try to refute the belief that a Clash of Civilizations is indeed an accurate description of the modern conflicts between Islam and the West. This will be achieved through examining the post-Cold War relationship between the West and the Islamic world up till now, highlighting
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The world is becoming more and more globally interconnected and that the globe itself is developing its transnational character.
 The danger in this theory lies in the risk of transforming a successful political myth into a self-fulfilling prophecy that may impact how foreign policy makers make decisions.
The essay will tackle the position of Islamic civilization in Huntington’s thesis and how the Muslim rage is perceived as the imminent danger to the West and its values. Then it will assess whether this analysis is accurate through providing a brief background on the Islamic and Arabic nation states during and post -Cold War era; the main reasons behind the rise of the radical Islam, the terrorist attacks and its aftermath, and how the West has contributed to the nourishing of radicalism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
• Although Huntington's thesis presumably deals with the conflicts that world civilizations have faced and will face in the future, there is a wide belief that his thesis specifically targets Islam as major threat to the West. Eventually, Huntington’s argument is more about a clash of religions than about a clash of
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The Western hegemony and the so-called Muslim rage against Western civilization.
• The terrorist attacks of 9/11 and the war on terror: the revival of Huntington’s clash rhetoric through the Bush doctrine and the wakeup call, Al-Qaeda’s jihad against the new crusaders and the invasion of Iraq.
• The rise of the Islamic State and how its atrocities are perceived in the Islamic and the Arab world. The radicalization of new elements within Islamic jihadist and radical groups coupled with the vacuum created after the deposition of Saddam Hussein, has indeed contributed in disrupting the region and in setting the basis for a new wave of international terrorism

• Arab Spring: the socioeconomic and political reasons for the uprising. Did Islamists and radical Islam hijack the Arab Spring? How the rising differed from one Arab country to another and what is the role of the Western powers? The development of the United States strategy in the Middle East and how is perceived. What is expected to happen

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