On the facts showing the existence and widespread resurgence of Islamic movements in the Arab countries and non-Arab Islamic world. Islamophobic sentiment increasingly manifest following the detonation event of the WTC and the Pentagon (9/11) in 2001. Although the cause of the tragedy is not clear and its main actors, but the accusations by the neocons West (USA and Western Europe) focused on Islamic groups. That accusation was then led to hatred and excessive fear in Western societies to Islam and Islamic groups, who then called Islamophobia or Xenophobia. In the US, the expression of Islamophobia is not too thick.
The Reasons Why Islamophobia İncreases In The World? In Oxford English Dictionary, Islamophobia is defined as “intense dislike or fear of Islam, especially as a political force, hostility or prejudice towards Muslims.” This term was first used in 20th century and had its own definition at 1970s. Particularly, after the 11 September events -which a radical Islamic group claimed its responsibility- in U.S.A. most of the non-Muslims in the world knew the Muslims with violence. The Berkeley Institute on Racism Studies says that Islam is often seen as a religion of violence which supports terrorism and has a violent political ideology. This perception of Islam is enlarging globally more and more because of some reasons such as terrorist attacks in non-Muslim countries, effect of media on the people, misunderstanding of Islam, and lack of the true representative Muslims in non-Muslim countries.
Then, he asserts that the 9/11 events exacerbated an antipathy towards ‘Arab-Middle Eastern-Muslim’ Other and created a new form of racism due to cultural differences in the post-Cold War reality. He strongly advocates that this newly promoted idea of “cultural racism” is nothing more than new political suasion to hold to inherent power and dominance by the empire over the Muslim Other (Semati, p. 257). This essay will describe and discuss the following premise: How can we understand political undertone in the concept of cultural racism and specifically how it relates to Islamophobia and the idea of “brown” as a racial
The effects of 911 attack on twin towers was huge to Americans and the world. The short term effects would be sadness and shocks felt by the Americans and the destruction of the tower. It led to the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan. Both of these effects led to the rising hated between Middle east and USA. The terrorist group Al-Qaeda, which claimed the responsibility of the attack on Twin Towers was formed at a meeting gathered by Osama Bin Laden in August 1988 They claimed to protect their own country or kingdom when American forces arrived in Saudi Arabia to prepare for the first gulf war.
As Edina Lecovic, Communication Director at MPAC stated, “Islamophobia is not a Muslim issue. It is an American issue. Islamophobia falls within a history of hate in this country, and we (Muslims) are certainly not the ﬁrst and we will certainly not be the last” (ISM, 20 October 2007). Islamophobia is, undoubtedly, not a new phenomenon. Some scholars introduce the Iranian Revolution in 1979 as the beginning point for Islamophobia within the United States; however, Greenwald and Gottschalk (2008) found Islamophobia far earlier when Western world portrays Islam and Muslims as the “others” after their immigration to their
“Where is the Love” was released in 2003; post 9/11. The events that occurred on 9/11 were very gruesome for the United States. The lyrics emphasises the evil that is terrorism, and how the U.S is sending troops overseas to stop the terrorism in other countries even though there are still terrorists that still reside in the U.S. Not only that, but the lyrics suggest that there are terrorists that are members in the CIA, Bloods, Crips, and KKK. That line of the song calls out the faults in the government and its branches of systems and institutions. This stanza especially highlights the similarities of violence that is associated with all of those
Huntington states that people’s culture and religion will be the main cause of conflict from onward. “People are discovering new but often old identities and marching under new but often old flags which lead to wars with new but often old enemies” (Huntington, 1996, 80) .example is the clash of Islamic culture and western culture.as a result this clash between these this two worlds was mainly on their different view, which is the secular view and religious view. Civilization will clash because Huntington believes that Nations are aligning themselves along cultural lines, and this will lead to
The root cause for the anger towards the West was the historic failure of the Arab world to embrace the achievements of modernity: democracy, capitalism and science. The moral criticism of the 9/11 terrorist acts was clear in the US. In the post 9/11 According to public’s point of view they can understand the word terrorism and it is designed for some evil purposes and this act is morally wrong. It is often argued that it is used for evil purposes all the time and that terrorism is essentially always the same irrespective of the context it emerges from. The consequence of the 9/11 is that the question of “terrorism.” is seen in strict, morally absolute categories.
There are three ideal objectives put in place to help put into perspective the true priorities when it comes to foreign relations. The first is national security which has been the number one priority because of the attacks that have continuously taken place on American soil mainly by the means of terrorist threats. The rise of the current ISIS movement has caused even more pressure on the presidency to identify that it is a viable threat to our nation and that protective measures need to be implemented as soon as possible to combat potential future threats. The next major objective of our president when it comes to foreign affairs is building and maintaining a peaceful global structure. This is key when it comes to forming and building alliances around the world.
Methodology : The writer has applied theoretical and statistical tools so that it can be clearly understood why goverments and terrorists take certain actions which are against their interests. Conclusion : 1. One of the main mottos of terrorists is to force the state to concede to their demands (with the help of terrorist activities). As a result they try to intimidate or terrify a large/wide population so that this population puts pressure on political decision makers to meet their demands. 2.