INTRODUCTION Islam is a religion of mercy for all people, both Muslims and non-Muslims. It is a religion which lays emphasis on the Unity of God, prophethood and then on righteous living. Muslims are the fastest-growing religious group in the world. On the other hand, migrations known as the hijra or migration which had a special place in the history of Muslims. Migration was established by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) when he twice ordered his companions to migrate to Abyssinia in order to preserve their faith when the unbelievers in Mecca began torturing them severely.
Today in Igboland, many Christian churches generally because of this bias Christian evangelization, they still maintain that the Igbo culture, even their mode of dressing is very satanic. The Catholic Church in the present time have tried to amend this intra-cultural prejudice among igbo Christians in generals. The problem as of date is that these Christians out of youthful exuberance and cultural radicalism seem to be victims of neo-paganism. They worship idols, follow in pagan ceremonies and festivities and still answer Christians. Their view of Christianity is that it is a modern association while there African paganisms is their identity and culture.
Then from the 15th century, Christianity came to Sub-Sahara Africa and travelled gradually through the 19th century to other parts of Africa. I firmly believe that it was this period (between the 15th and 19th centuries) when Satan virtually had a total monopoly over Africa that provoked the Baptism of Satan in Africa. That was the period Christian missionaries started pouring in from Europe with “impunity”. That was the period naked young boys and girls (descendants of great engineers who once built the Tower of Babylon) were taught how to read and write. That was the period the African first saw the wonders of firearm technology or the “mystery” of the dressing mirror and were more motivated to go to school.
(*4) This cultural influence was reinforced by the arrival and immigration of Muslims to Mrauk-U in the following centuries. Bengali slaves, captured by Arakanese merchants and sailors during raids in Bengal, were employed from the seventeenth century onwards. In 1660, the Mrauk-U king granted asylum to the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja, whose presence attracted Muslim immigrants. They began serving at the Arakanese court as gentry or servants.
With introduction of a more direct system of administration in 1834 by the Britishers, the adivasis of Chotanagpur came in contact with the British administration. The first Christian missionaries; the Gossner Evangelical Lutheran mission, the Anglican mission, the Roman Catholic mission, and other Christian missionaries arrived after 1844 in Chotanagpur region. Joseph Bara observes, ‘there was no ready-to-grab attitude among the mundas and the Oraons towards western education and the Christian missionaries till about
Whoever dominated got not only economical power, but political power: the power to [forever] influence the region. In the end, the Muslims dominated other cultures. One of the reasons they had so much power was their ability to travel via the sea because “ ...[T]he brahmanical taboo regarding sea travel. Traders belonging to the brahmanical religion were not allowed to travel on the sea, ...” (Rao 229) Two more reasons are were temple donations, and their power in the Middle East, “Muslim traders and their associations are mentioned in various temple documents. They donated to temples and thereby attempted to obtain legitimacy in the society.” (Rao 226) “Like the Muslims, the Gauda Saraswats and Jain trading communities gave donations to temples and participated in internal trade.
It has taken many years from society to gradually accept and acknowledge the importance of the LGBTI community. Accepting of same sex relationships and different sexual orientations, especially in Africa. For many years, the concept of homosexuality was not identified as being African, and believe that same sex relations is a concept developed in the 19th century, a western practice. The word homosexual, according to Msibi, homosexuality ‘was therefore a term initially introduced to the West to control social relations, while labelling those engaged in same-sex relations as deviant.’ ( Msibi ). Although today, society has become more aware and honest about homosexuality, some African countries still have laws and situations which counter the
Besides that it has a significant influence on people's attitudes, values and behaviours at the level of both the individual and society (Mokhlis, 2009). According to (Eid, 2013; Zamani- Farahani & Henderson, 2010; Zamani-Farahani & Musa, 2012) religiosity is known as one of the most important cultural forces and key influences on behaviour. Ateeq-Ur-Rehman (2010) did mention
1.0 ABSTRACT Nowadays, the urban migration issue is not a new problem in all developing countries over the world including Malaysia. The number of migration is increasing year by year and as results it cause many problem in terms of over populated growth and population as well to society. However, based on history in Malaysia, migration are one of the factors which contributed to country in the process of economic and social development. It has started since urbanization during British colonial (1887-1956) introduced a liberal immigration policy. As a result of these policies, many foreign workers, especially from China, India and Indonesia brought in to work on the plantation, construction, mining and administrative.
History The Udis are native people of Caucasian Albania. According to the written materials of famous ancient historians, the Udi lived on the area of the eastern Caucasus along the coast of the Caspian Sea, between the Kura River and the province of Utik. Udi folk traditions and the material culture was strongly influenced by Turk and Persian societies, because they live with the Udis. The first document in which the Udi were mentioned is Herodotus' Histories (5th