Islamic Architecture History

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What is architecture
What is Islamic architecture
Terminology
Common interruption of Islamic architecture
History of Islamic archtecture
Islamic architecture today
Both the process and the product of planning, designing and constructing buildings.
A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures.
The art and science of designing buildings and (some) non-building structures.
The style of design and method of construction of buildings and other physical structures.
The knowledge of art, science & technology and humanity.
The practice of the architect.
The design activity of the architect, from the macro-level to the micro-level.
Can be define as a building traditions of Muslim populations of the Middle East and any
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Owes its origin to similar structures already existing in Roman, Byzantine and Persian lands which the Muslims conquered in the 7th and 8th centuries. Further east, it was also influenced by Chinese and Indian architecture as Islam spread to Southeast Asia.
The concept of Allah's infinite power is evoked by designs with repeating themes.
Human and animal forms are rarely depicted in decorative art as Allah's work is matchless.
Islamic architecture focuses on the beauty of the interior rather than exterior spaces.
Use of impressive forms such as large domes, towering minarets, and large courtyards are intended to convey power.
Foliage is a frequent motif but typically stylized or simplified for the same reason.
Arabic Calligraphy is used to enhance the interior of a building by providing quotations from the Qur'an.
Islamic architecture has been called the "architecture of the veil" because the beauty lies in the inner spaces (courtyards and rooms) which are not visible from the outside (street view).

Rashidun caliphate
Ummayad caliphate
Morish architecture
Fatimid caliphate
Abbasid caliphate
Ottoman
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The Fatimid Caliphate (909-1171) was a Shia Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
The dynasty ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the center of the caliphate.
In architecture, the Fatimids followed Tulunid techniques and used similar materials, but also developed those of their own.
The Fatimid rulers named it Al-Azhar Mosque after Fatima Al-Azhar, the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed, the woman the Fatimid dynasty is named after.
Al-Azhar mosque had a large open courtyard surrounded by rows of columns and a covered prayer hall with five more rows of columns in it.
The Caliphs al-Aziz and his son al-Hakim built al hakim mosque (990-1013 AD).
This mosque follows generally the same pattern as the earlier mosque, with a big courtyard and a prayer hall with pointed arches. Three small domes emphasize which side the prayer hall is on.
On the opposite side, there's a big entrance gate. It may be entrance gates like this that gave European

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