This idea that one must work hard to establish personal success and to live a Godly life helped to encourage the development of capitalism as an economic structure. Meanwhile, in the Middle East and India, religious conflict was everywhere. After the Islamic leader, Muhammad, died, there formed a huge divide around who was to take his place. This divide ended up in the formation of two opposing groups within Islam – the Sunni and the Shi’ites. War broke out between the Sunni and Shi’ites after a Shi’ite leader claimed the title of Imam and began to establish Shia rule throughout the Middle East.
Arguments concerning the reasons why the extreme archetypes of Islamic renunciation began to dissipate have been the subject of many scholars’ writings. Christopher Melchert in his essay “Origins and Early Sufism” contends that the increasingly growing amount of converts to Islam and their attachment to various social and economic orders led to the degradation of the extreme austerity exhibited in early Islam. He states, “It seems likely that mass conversion to Islam was a major reason for growing distrust of outward renunciation...When most people were Muslims, normal devotional life could no longer be allowed to hinder making a living” (12). Similarly, Peter Awn in his essay “The Ethical Concerns of Classical Sufism” suggests that early proto-Sufi, renunciatory conceptions of materiality and the physical world as “a rotting corpse with a dog (i.e., the devil Iblis) perched on top” began to shift to
This servitude influenced many of their decisions. However, when Akhetaten rose to power, he attempted to reform Egyptian religion by imposing the worship of one god. That attempt failed, which clearly shows in the economic crisis that resulted. The Hebrews also held religion as a vital part of their society. Originally polytheistic, the Hebrew nation found itself in despair during their exile.
It wasn’t long before other ministers in the Nation were also making incendiary speeches about Malcolm. Another conflict Malcolm had with the Nation was regarding his home in Elmhurst, Queens. The Nation of Islam attempted to evict Malcolm from the home by bringing an eviction case against him. In court, Malcolm once more publically mentioned that the reason for his suspension was because “the Honorable Elijah Muhammed had taken on nine wives besides the one that he had…” (Marable 347). This only helped to make matters worse between the two groups.
Alexander’s armies linked a new Hellenistic world to many other regions. It brought people with a shared interest in religion and art together. Hellenism was spread during and after the conquests by Alexander because Alexander was a daring person who took a risk that paid off, some of which included heading towards the Persian Empire and conquering vast amounts of land. The tactics used by Alexander to conquer these lands were to use heavily armed infantries with groups of troops dispersed throughout the lands. As Alexander conquered these lands, he and his troops brought with them their culture.
First and foremost, this book reveals various themes, which are identical but may have a different purpose. However, I believe the author wrote this book to bring attention to racial injustice and discrimination that takes place in the United States of America and all around the world. Throughout history, from ancient civilizations up to modern day, have experienced some type of discrimination, due to race, gender, religion, beliefs. As a Muslim, this discrimination has exploded in the early 2000’s ever since the 9/11 Attacks. On the other hand, African Americans have experienced the most discrimination, throughout the entire world.
When the other country went to take over the colonized government they demoted the current government officials in order to make new laws that benefited them. As the British imperialized the country of Nigeria, they also wiped out a lot of Nigerian tradition. For an example, a lot of traditional Nigerian authority figures were replaced. Along with this many Nigerian homes were transferred
Muslims are often classed as terrorists and nonconformist, solely looking to cause collateral damage in core countries. They are often characterized with groups like ISIS, through many of them do not have a connection to the organization. Muslim citizens have become notorious after the 9/11 attacks, as they are discriminated by every racial group. America is where people could become successful, no matter their racial heritage. Muslims should be given the chance to become political leaders and social conformist.
Discrimination and are problematic parts of our culture tangled within the American history. For the majority of U.S. citizens these parts of our culture die out after the civil rights movement, but for the ethnic minorities this is far from the truth. These ugly aspects of our culture that once thrived in the shadows praying poor and minorities, has recently had light shed on it with event of the few years. The racial tension being made worst with statements being made by republican presidential front Donald Trump, saying we should ban Muslims from the country. These open discriminatory statements can have devastating effect the Muslim communities and our country as a whole.