Islamic City Literature Review

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2.0 Literatures Review This chapter will describe about literatures review about the development of Islamic city and it environment build. 2.1 Introduction There is no firm consensus on what the term Islamic city’ means. It can mean a city founded by Muslims during some particular, historical epoch. Or a city whose design, construction and expansion took place during epochs dominated by Islamic civilization. Or a city that has in it certain, specific features generally identified as Islamic’ mosques and minarets for example. Or a city, old or new, that happens to be located within the Islamic world. And finally, the term is sometimes used as a theoretical or abstract concept, a kind of ideal city whose architectural styles and relationships…show more content…
In addition to the influence of local topography and morphological features of pre-existing towns, the Islamic city reflected the general socio-cultural, political, and economic structures of the newly created society. In general this involved the following features. 2.3.1 Natural Laws The first principle that defined much of the character of the Islamic city is the adaptation of the built form and plan of the city to natural circumstances expressed through weather conditions and topography. These were expressed in the adoption of concepts such as courtyard, terrace, narrow covered streets and gardens. Such elements were designed for coping with hot weather conditions dominating the environment in most of the regions of the Islamic world. 2.3.2 Religious and cultural…show more content…
The privacy principle was made into a law which sets the height of the wall above the height of a camel rider. This as well as the laws of the property rights, for example, were all factors determining the form of the Islamic city. 2.3.4 Social principles The social organisation of the urban society was based on social groupings sharing the same blood, ethnic origin and cultural perspectives. Development was therefore directed towards meeting these social needs, especially in terms of kinship solidarity, defence, social order and religious practices (figure 2). Such groups included: Arabs, Moors, Jews and other groups such as Andalusians, Turks, and Berbers, as in cities of the Maghreb. These were reflected in the concept of quarters known as Ahya' (in the Mashraq) or Huma (in the Maghreb). Figure 2: Historic Algiers showing the dense built form reflecting social solidarity and

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