Islamic Civilization Characteristics

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Introduction: Every civilization has a body and a soul, such as the human being. The body of a civilization, its material achievements in terms of industrial facilities, buildings, and anything which reflects a development in this place. A soul of civilization is the set of concepts and creeds which condition the behaviors of people and groups. These are the basics which establish the characteristics of the Islamic civilization. Few of us realize that the present day powerful and prosperous Europe passed through a long historical period called the Dark Ages. It was during this period that the Islamic civilization started with the advent of Islam in 610 AC. This period of Islamic history lasted until the beginning of the 20th century. The…show more content…
He must only be worshipped, and He alone must be taken as the aim (in life), and refuge must be sought in Him alone. It is who gives. All Muslims believe that God (Allah) is only one God, Allah is the name Muslims use for supreme and unique God, who created and rules everything. Islamic Faith: A civilization based on the Islamic faith, Muslim have six main beliefs (basic articles of faith), the first one is to belief in God (Allah) as the one and only God. The second one is to believe in all of God's messengers (prophets), believe in Mohammed (peace be on him) as His last messenger. Next is to belief in angels. Also to belief in the holy books in all the books sent down to his prophets. In addition to that is to believe in the day of judgment everyone will be resurrected for judgment into either paradise or hell. The last one is to believe in predestination, its good and its bad. Humanitarian and…show more content…
It is a civilization with unique characteristics, is therefore permanently buoyant and has self renewing cycles. Religious Tolerance: The final remarkable characteristics of Islamic Civilization are its marvelous religious tolerance, which has never been witnessed in a civilization based on religious foundations. However, it is possible for one not reposing faith in God and any known (revealed) faith to regard all religions as equally respectable and treat its followers on equal footing. The Impact of Islamic Civilization: Islamic civilization has had a profound impact since it was founded in the 7th century. During what is known as the Golden Age of Islam, which lasted between the mid of 8th century until the 15th century, the Muslim world was the center of intellectual activity, with Baghdad serving as the capital of philosophers, mathematicians and scientists. Great centers of learning were founded in Baghdad, Damascus, Cairo and Cordoba. This academia later on served as models for the European

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