Civilization Vs Islamic Civilization

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What is civilization? Civilization is started and developed when a group of people are motivated by some ideas and beliefs, trust one another and willing to cooperate with each other in establishing a state and a government. Civilization undergoes periods of rise, decline and fall, therefore, different types of civilizations could be seen over a period of time. Islamic Civilization Islamic civilization was founded by Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ) and the first Islamic state was established in 622. This period is also called the Islamic Golden Age. The Muslims were later ruled by caliphs after the death of Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ). The caliphs were very influential as they had great spiritual and political authority. Islam spread quickly in the Middle East and beyond. Through the introduction of common tax system, laws and coinage, Islam was able to unite the new conquered lands. The Islamic empire was ruled by the Umayyads from 661, with its base at Damascus, in Syria. The Abbasids seized power in 750 and the caliphs were based at Baghdad. During the reign of the Abbasid Caliph Harun ar-Rashid, from 786 to 809, Baghdad was acknowledged as the House of Wisdom. Scholars from various parts of the world translate and gathered all knowledge into Arabic language.…show more content…
Paul Kennedy, a military-cum-economic historian and the author of the book, The Rise and Fall of Great Powers, stated that by keeping a balance between making wealth and the amount spent on military, will help those countries with great powers to maintain their world supremacy. A controversial book, The End of History and the Last Man, was published by Francis Fukuyama in 1992, expressing his firm belief on the need for the existence of war for a generation to defend its liberty and independence. This, he said, would be more meaningful and satisfying than one civilization which experiences only continuous peace without any challenges in the effort of maintaining its power. Samuel Huntington yet wrote another controversial book, a few years later, entitled The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. He claimed in his book that a clash of civilizations is occurring presently and there is need for the world dominant politicians to understand the nature of this…show more content…
He changed it into a new thesis and called it “Clash of Civilizations”, and in his article on ‘The Roots of Muslim Rage’, he argued that the Muslims are the enemies of the western civilization on the basis of the past history between the Muslims and the Christians. Though Lewis is a Jew, he was more interested to link his identity with the western civilization in an effort to ease the tensions between the Jews and the Christians. Once, Toynbee had condemned Judaism and the state of Israel as the causal factor for the disastrous change done to Christianity and Western civilization. Furthermore, Lewis was more inclined to divert the world’s attention to the Muslims, accusing them of ‘bullying’ the

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