The attitudes of Christianity and Islam towards merchants and trade are different from one another in the beginning stages, but as time progress each moderate their earlier views. In the beginning Christians found it unfit to be a rich merchant, while Islam’s judgment on trade was acceptable as long as they were honest and the trading was just. As time went by over a couple hundred years, the followers if each belief changed their views on trade, though it was acceptable, merchants were expected to trade geniuses. In the beginning Christians found it unfit to be a rich merchant, while Islam’s judgment on trade was acceptable as long as they were honest and the trading was just. To sell a product for true value or to sell it for a profit has always been a debate.
The Ottoman and Mughal empires both used Islam in their culture, economy, wars, and society. It influenced their art, the way they treated non-Muslims, their motivations for war. It is important to note that both empires were influenced differently by their majority religion. However, both the Ottomans and Mughals were heavily influenced as Islam was a major part of everyday life from the art to the bureaucracy. The Mughal Empire had different origins compared to the Ottoman Empire, especially when it comes to the influence for their creation.
This is (important/interesting/relevant) because When the Crusaders returned they Europe they had brought back spices, sugar, and silk; many nobles and merchants enjoyed the new products and wanted more of them Document 2 states that Merchants in Venice and other northern Italian cities built large fleets to carry crusaders to the Holy Land. And later used those fleets to open new markets in the Crusaders’
The Silk Road was a network of trading routes that spread across most of Asia and connected areas of eastern Europe back to China in 200 BCE to 1450 CE. Although many changes happened throughout this time, such as changes in religions in the area and social hierarchies, many things stayed constant, such as the desire for luxury goods and the trade of new technologies, religions, and products. The rise and fall of certain empires were a major change during this time. Starting around 200 BCE, the Silk Road was used by the Roman empire and Han dynasty to trade luxury goods such as silk. Later on, as western Rome fell, eastern Rome rose as the Byzantine empire, and used the Silk Road also.
The North was a polar opposite of the South do to their rebellious search for new religious freedom whereas the south remained loyal to Brittan. Then Middle appeared to be a decent mixture of both for they wanted religious freedom, but to also make profits for themselves. However, no colonies of these regions were truly the same each had their specific goals which set them apart. Each colony in these regions had highs and lows when it came to demographics, the economy, social and religious matters that made them struggle then eventually prove to be
During the reign of the New Kingdom pharaoh Amenhotep IV, also called Akhenaten, the art of ancient Egypt underwent a considerable change. This is unsurprising given the fact that the shift throughout Egypt in culture and religion was so immense. So, logically, it follows that the stylistic choices in art during that time period would alter significantly. In order to fully understand the extent to which the artists active during the reign of Akhenaten revolutionized art, it is very important to compare the work of that time period with some of the art created during other prevalent eras in ancient Egypt. The greatest dissimilarity is made most noticeable through the representation of the human figure.
A considerable amount of the visual arts in the medieval times were frequently about divine considerations, and scriptural figures were indicated god-like and substantially greater. The impact of humanism undoubtedly affected the way the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance were made by "coming back to the sources", concentrating on the individual human potential, and being Secular instead of divine/powerful. With the festival of people instead of the congregation, it has changed art until the end of time. Without it, there would still be painting in the style of the feudalism era for a very long time. In the event that it was not for humanism, then a portion of the best works of art, for example, the mona Lisa, School of Athens, David, Birth of Venus, and numerous more would not have been made.
Hasanzade Ismayil Ancient and Medieval History 09.11.15 To what extent, in what ways, did societies of Middle East change in the early Islamic period (622-750)? Before emerging of Islamic religion Arabs had lived the Arabian Peninsula which covered parts of Byzantine Empire such as Syria, EGHPT, and Sassanid Empire from the west, some parts of African continent, Persian Gulf, and Indian Ocean. They were stateless communities that majority of Arabs resided as tribes such as “Qurayish of Macca” and “Banu Hanifa of Yamama” in eastern Arabia. These tribes traded each other but there were not any kind of governmental or leadership skills in tribes to constitute themselves as one nation. They were not any kind of legal systems to make one legitimate power for whole Arabic communities which Islamic rules will do subsequently (Kennedy, H (1986) “the Prophet and age of caliphates, page 15-22)” Till the Islamic state Arab peninsula not completely had been manipulated different empires such as ancient Roman (27BC-467AD), Byzantine, and Sassanid empires which delivered their cultures to these Arabic tribes.
In contrast to the writers, most artists prefer to remain anonymous. These artists do not do what they do for money, fame or attention. Conventionally, it will be to express themselves and other times it will be to convey an important and thought-provoking message, for instance, the renowned Banksy. While graffiti would come under the term ‘vandalism’, street art should
Had the reasons for veiling were purely religious, Muhammad, liberal towards both Christianity and Judaism, would not force his foreign bride to veil as his other Muslim wives3. However, his marriage to Safiyyah bint Huyayy proves otherwise. Not only was she of Jewish descent, but also a war prize, making it controversial whether Muhammad take her as a slave or marry her4. Marriage, which ended the speculations of the society, was actually confirmed by Muhammad “making her [Safiyyah] observe the veil.”5 The obvious tone of the hadith in determining the meaning of the act of veiling suggests an extent of how well-known was this practice among the Muslim society – everybody knew that the veiled woman could only be Muhammad’s wife. Such use of veil could serve as sociopolitical statement, as it was not only dutifully observed, but also, to some extent, remained within its ancient meaning for a symbol of a pure, respectable women, present across the Mediterranean region6.This way, Muhammad’s wives were considered ‘pure’ even by their clothing, increasing their reputability and, and at the same time, providing social and political respect towards their
On pages 222 is a map of the Muslim travel pattern over the Byzantine and Persian Empires. However, on page 283 there is a map of Islamic conquests over a short period. Both reveal the spread of Islamic religion went very fast with the amount of conquering taking place before 1500 AD. The main key factor was, "...admitting non-Arabs to the faith and about maintaining the cultural distinction between conquerors and conquered" (Morillo, p. 221) By keeping a distinct difference between the Muslim Arabs and non-Muslim Arabs was important. Those that did not wish to convert to Muslim focused on the contract Muhammad made to give non-Muslim Arabs their freedom.
For most of the 17th century, the British colonies had been pretty much left on their own since their founding due to political instability in England. During this period, settlements outside of New England emerged, known as the middle colonies. These colonies were founded on Puritan believes, much like the other colonies, which followed the idea of living accordingly to the Holy Scriptures. Due to an influx of immigrants not only from Britain and Ireland, but also from other European countries, the middle colonies were a melting pot of ethnic diversity and religious tolerance. This tolerance also extended to the Indians of the region.
E. the west found it very difficult to from a factual ideal of Islam, held back by its own closed mindedness as well as an overall ignorance. Christians knew nothing about Islam, and saw Arab people only as enemies. Two very different populations in the West expressed a vision of Islam. One was that of a common people, that was influenced by false information from the Chanson de Geste. The other negative propaganda from scholastics ,which the scholastics were Although sometimes it was saw as a reaction to see Islam as violent and fanatic, in general the scholastics vision of Islam was balanced and portrayed Islam more realistically than the stereotypes that influenced Christian Culture.
To create something great you must learn from the achievements and failures of others. This is how many of the great empires of the old world became what they were and how modern day society came about. Some of these empires that we have learned from are the Ottomans, the Safavids, and the Mughals. These societies had a major impact with their cultural achievements, ranging from their art to their writing. While they share similarities of a virtuous empire, they also have some differences which contributed to their rise and fall.
A distinct shift in the mindset of Muslims in the Middle East was found at the doorstep of every ruling regime of the late 1970’s. Although the 20th century from the view of the Middle East could have been characterized by colonialization and foreign presence from the world superpowers, the Iranian Revolution sparked a dramatic flip to the opposite. The immense diversity of the populations of nations such as Iran, Afghanistan, and Iraq gave the strong ideals of an Islamic future of the regions a prime environment for accomplishment. While the Iranian Revolution was largely a Shiite success story, it inspired a slew of other ethnic and religious groups to support its ambitions. Sunni Muslims of these nations were particularly encouraged.