Islamic Modernism

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The exaggerated description of Muslim backwardness in science can be lifted. From the 8th to 13th century, when Europe was facing through the dark ages, science flourished in Muslim countries. As instructed by the Quran to seek knowledge and read the nature as signs of the Creator plus the stimulation from ancient Greek learning, Muslims created a civilization which was the scientific center of the world during the middle ages.

The 11th century Canon of Medicine by Ibn Sina was a medical textbook in Europe for hundreds of years. In the 9th century al-Khwarizmi came out with the principles of algebra derived from the name of his book, Kitab al-Jabr. Al-Haytham advanced the study of light and optics while al-Biruni, a Persian, calculated the
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The dramatic consequence from the renaissance was the colonization of Muslim countries by the west. Thus, the crusade for modernity from Europe expended to Muslim countries and the process of westernization affected the personality and culture of Muslims.

Consequently, what can be called as Islamic modernism, emerged in the mid of 19th century as reaction to European colonialism. This movement aims to reconcile Islamic faith with some modern values and trends such as science, rationality and progress.

However, the obvious dilemma posed by modernity was the development of a new sense of subjectivity and individuality, which led to the elemental changes in comprehending the relationships between man and the natural world, man and himself, man and other people and man and the supernatural. In other words, modernity led for the creation of new ideologies and worldviews that a break the past outmoded ideologies and
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Now, he lives and teaches in America, and never stops advocating Islamic scientific thought on the basis of revealed knowledge. According to Mohd Hazim Shah (2015), Nasr calls himself a ‘Traditionalist’ because he stick to the claim that modern science has never advanced beyond religion in providing the truths about the world, including the natural world.

Nasr appears as the leading intellectual that advances the notion of a Sacred Science. Many of his writings explain the philosophical basis of a sacred science which will not hold the idea of conquering nature but which will attempt to function within the boundaries commanded by the Creator. Inspired from the traditional sources and traditional interpretations of reality as understood by the sufi doctrines to the French traditionalists, Nasr opt for a ‘Traditionalist’ in the attempts at reconstruction of modern scientific
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