2.2 Chemicals and reagents The API of AN (99.9% pure) 1000mg was purchased from market. HPLC grade acetonitrile (SD fine limited). Analytical grade hydrochloric acid ,sodium hydroxide flakes, hydrogen peroxide. Milli-Q Water purchased from market.. 2.3 Details of Method Chromatographic conditions: Reversed Phase High Performance liquid chromatography method with UV detection separation was achieved on zorbox Agilent Eclipsc XDB column c18(150 nm× 4.6 mm×5µm) as stationary phase with binary gradient mode solvent phase A. Composed of H3PO4(ortho phosphoric acid ) buffer ( pH ≈2, 0.02M) and phase B as Acetonitrile ,The Flow rate of the mobile phase was 1.0 mL/min and the total elution time including the column re-equilibration was approximately
Sodium Bicarbonate mixed with Hydrochloric acid. The chemical reaction observed showed that there was fizzing and bubbling, this is evidence that a new gas was being produced. This new gas, CO2 was generated from the reaction. After the fizzing stopped a liquid was leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover was the NaCl and H2O 4. You found a sample of a solution that has a faint odor resembling vinegar (an acid).
A range of four carbon peaks falling between PPMs of 120-130 represented the benzyl compound of the methyl benzoate product. In part two of the lab methyl benzoate was subjected to a nitration resulting in the formation of methyl-3-nitrobenzoate. The purpose of part two was to add a nitrogen group to methyl benzoate by means of an electrophilic aromatic substitution (EAS) reaction. An EAS reaction pertains to the substitution of an aromatic hydrogen for an electrophile by means of an electrophilic attack on the aromatic ring which in this case is benzene.
The mole’s three identities include formula, molar mass or mole mass. This is defined as the mass of one mole or 6.02 * 1023 particles of that substance expressed in amu’s. 2. Explain how to determine the formula mass (mole mass) for a compound.
(a) Formation of calcium chloride (b) Formation of magnesium oxide (c ) formation of bonds in sodium fluoride Checking Up: 2 1. For each of the following ionic bonds: Sodium + Chlorine, Magnesium + Iodine, Sodium + Oxygen, Calcium + Chlorine and Aluminium + Chlorine a) Write the symbols for each element. b) Draw a Lewis Dot structure for the valence shell of each element. c) Draw an arrow (or more if needed) to show the transfer of electrons to the new element. d) Write the resulting chemical formula.
In this test, primary halides precipitate the fastest while secondary halides need to be heated in order for a reaction to occur. Comparison of the rates of precipitation of the obtained product to standard 1° and 2° bromide solutions will show whether the product is a primary or secondary
purified through preparative LC as described above and finally characterized as phloretin and phloridzin (Fig. 1). Compound 1 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-(2,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)propan-1-one or phlorizin was obtained as amorphous powder, mp 2620C. The UV/Visible spectrum of the compound showed λmax at 225 and 285 nm. ESI–MS m/z 297 [M+Na]+ in positive ion mode and 273 [M-H] in negative ion mode for molecular formula C15H14O5; 274.
So if 0.38 is divided by 0.49 and multiplied by 100 then the percent yield for Zinc Sulfide would be 77.6%. When it comes to Sodium Chloride, the theoretical yield is 0.58 grams and the actual yield is 0.45 grams. So when 0.45 grams is divided by 0.58 grams and multiplied by 100, the percent yield would be 77.5% of Sodium chloride. The actual yield is directly taken from the mass of the products in the experiment while the theoretical yield is determined by using stoichiometric calculations. To determine the theoretical yield, the reactants should be converted from grams to moles based on the coefficients in the chemical equation and the moles should be incorporated into the mass of the reactants.
Benzyne Formation and the Diels-Alder Reaction Preparation of 1,2,3,4 Tetraphenylnaphthalene Aubree Edwards Purpose: 1,2,3,4-tetraphenylnaphthalene is prepared by first producing benzyne via the unstable diazonium salt. Then tetraphenylcyclopentadienone and benzyne undergo a diels-alder reaction to create 1,2,3,4-tetraphenylnaphthalene. Reactions: Procedure: The reaction mixture was created. Tetraphenylcyclopentadienone (0.1197g, 0.3113 mmol) a black solid powder, anthranilic acid ( 0.0482g, 0.3516 mmol) a yellowish sand, and 1,2-dimethoxyethane (1.2 ml) was added to a 5-ml conical vial.
A typical halogen bond is denoted by the three dots in R–X…Y. R–X is the halogen bond donor, X is any halogen atom with an electrophilic (electron-poor) region, and R is a group covalently bound to X. In some cases, X may be covalently bound to more than one group. It may also form more than one halogen bond. Y is the halogen bond acceptor and is typically a molecular entity possessing at least one nucleophilic (electronrich) region.[2,4, 48] 1.3 List of Features (as proposed by the IUPAC) * Existence of a halogen bond may be evident by experimental or theoretical, or even both. Some features that are useful as signs for the halogen bond are mentioned below.
Introduction The purpose of this lab was to compare simple distillations of two sets of liquids by graphing the boiling points. One set of simple distillation of two liquids were supposed to have a boiling point difference of bout 30C while the other set of simple distillations had a melting point difference of about 57C. Furthermore, by conducting this experiment, students would develop a better understand of distillation and gas chromatography. Furthermore, I hypothesized that cyclohexane and p-xylene distill better than cyclohexane and toluene since cyclohexane and p-xylene have a larger boiling point difference than cyclohexane and toluene. The boiling point of cyclohexane is 80.74C while the boiling point for p-xylene is 138.23C and the boiling point for toluene is 110.6, thus
Purpose: The main goal of this lab experiment is to synthesize acetylsalicylic acid through using different processes such as crystallization and filtration. Additionally, determining the purity of the synthesize product alongside with a commercial ASA provided in the lab, through using one of the melting point apparatus or conducting a USP test are also the objectives of this experiment. Results Discussion: As discussed in the lab manual, there are certain instructions which apply to proper measurement to provide accurate values throughout the experiments. For example, the transferring of 10 ml of ASA solution to a vial tube by volumetric pipette was necessary to acquire consistent results for our salicylic acid content.
Introduction: The objective of the experiment is to determine the limiting reagent in a chemical reaction. The principles of stoichiometry and limiting reagents will be used to predict the amount of product formed. The amount of product formed and the change in the color of the solution upon mixing of two reactants are being used to predict the limiting reagent and calculate the theoretical yield in grams. My hypothesis was that with the reaction of the zinc with the copper sulfate solution that it would dissolve the zinc to determine the limiting reagent.