Ivan The Terrible Absolutism In Russia

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Absolutism in Russia For a long time Russia was isolated from the rest of Europe. It did not experience many of the things that happened in western Europe like new technology, Renaissance, the Protestant reformation, and the spread of many ideas. Russia’s temperatures were frigid and resulted in there being no warm-water port. A warm-water port was necessary for year-round trade and growth.
Ivan the Terrible Ivan IV known as “Ivan the Terrible” had become czar at the young age of only three. He ruled over Russia for 51 years. He is known as “Ivan the Terrible” because of the slaughter he had on his own people. He was a failure to the Russian people in many ways. He failed to obtain a warm-water port for Russia which kept it isolated for many
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As a result Peter III eventually gained some power. Peter III was married to a German Princess named Catherine II. Peter III was unpopular in Russia and was assassinated in 1762. His wife Catherine II took the throne and ruled Russia for 34 years. She was the 13th Romanov monarch. She was given the name “Catherine the great”. One of the things Catherine did was integrate an education system for both boys and girls in Russia. She created a strong military and improved the economy. Catherine also gained another warm-water port on the Black Sea by defeating the Ottoman Empire. Poland was an unstable country and had invaded Russia before which gave Catherine an interest to take land from them. Catherine met with two other rulers, Frederick William II from Prussia, and Maria Theresa from Austria to divide the land in Poland to go to each of them. This event is known as the first partition of Poland. There were two more partitions in 1793 and 1795. Catherine did a lot for Russia but was not seen as good by Russian peasants. The policies enforced by Catherine only benefited high class Russian people. This caused many peasants to rebel against Catherine
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