This short story shows that the author has been mastered the art of foreshadowing, symbolism and irony by her diction, narration and the shocking revealed at the end. Despite of the joyful tone Jackson tells the story that started with a beautiful summer day in June, the author gave away some foreshadow hints and symbolism throughout the flow of the plot that we can somehow predict what will happen in the future. However, the audiences will not know the moral of the story until the end of the story. For example, the children imitated the adult to collect stones “...the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothest and roundest stones” (Jackson pp.279).
J.D. Salinger’s novel The Catcher in the Rye tells the heart-wrenching story of a young teenager’s battle to fit in with the world around him. Although Holden Caufield’s privileged life at home and at Pency Prep, is seemingly ideal, he struggles to find meaning. He travels throughout New York City, witnessing human behavior that depresses him. Some of the issues that most trouble Holden are adult phoniness, religion’s phoniness, and school’s phoniness. Because of Holden’s brother’s death, and his own acute intelligence, Holden is better able to see societal flaws.
When Holden ventures to find his life’s purpose along with searching for a new perspective of humanity, he gains insight and becomes a figure of erudition mounting to his potential of a hero. With the objective to show that all protagonists are not merely brave and benevolent but also have astute assets, Salinger designs Holden in the role of a new kind of hero, in which he realizes the meaning of life and maturity. In detail, while Holden observes his little sister, Phoebe, riding the carousel in Central Park, he begins to understand the significance of growing up and the value of life-impacting his view of humankind: “All the kids kept trying to grab for the gold ring, and so was old Phoebe, and I was sort of afraid she 'd fall off the goddam horse, but I didn 't say anything or do anything. The thing with kids is, if they want to grab the gold ring, you have to let them do it, and not say anything. If they fall off they fall off, but it 's bad if you say anything to them” (Salinger 211).
The Catcher in the Rye, Jerome D. Salinger’s one and only full novel, was written in 1951. Since then, it has sold more than 65 million copies and translated into most of the world’s major languages. This book tells the story of Holden Caulfield, a 16 year old who can’t seem to be able to stay at one school and despises the “phoniness” of adult-life. One day, he must grow up, but Salinger is there to lead him throughout the book. Salinger uses symbolism to convey a maturation theme in his work.
The story of The Catcher in The Rye explains Holden Caulfield's journey to discover his purpose in life. Throughout the novel, he travels around New York, interacting with several people. But not only people, but symbols help Holden to understand how the world works, from a Red Hat to a Childhood museum, these symbols dictate his feelings towards the outside world and people around him. Innocence and permanence are staples of the story, and Salinger's use of a Hat, Childhood Museums,ducks, and a carousel, are able to convey these idea because of their representation of these concepts.
The notion of Caulfield’s desire to live as a “poor deaf-mute bastard”(Salinger 1994:179) where “they’d leave me alone”(Salinger 1994: 179) is a prime example of Caulfield’s wish to become detached and alienated from those around him. Through alienation and detachment from those around him, he avoids confrontation and interaction with people which he believes will be the saviour of his own self falling victim to phoniness. However, as Caulfield acts quickly to criticize and label others as, “that was the phoniest bastard I ever met in my life” (Salinger 1994:12), he does not realise that he is actually guilty of the phoniness that he so easily labels others with. Holden Caulfield exhibits a clear dislike for the idea of change, where he shows visible signs of fear towards this idea, “Certain things they should stay the way they are” (Salinger 1994:110). Caulfield finds safety and security in The Museum of Natural History, “I loved that damn museum” (Salinger 1994:108) as it an example of the ideal stagnant and predictable world that Caulfield longs for, “The best thing, though, in that museum was that everything always stayed right where it was” (Salinger 1994: 109).
Everyone thinks he is, and Chief just goes along with it. Also, Chief might have PTSD from his experience during war. This may hold him back from standing his ground and showing his true self. McMurphy wants Chief’s help in overthrowing the hierarchy Ratched has established in order to help himself and the other patients. McMurphy convinces Chief to help lift the control panel and, “You (Chief) promise me that, and you not only get my body- buildin ' course for nothing
In the duration of, “The Birthday Party”, by Katharine Brush, the narrator dictates a couple who’ celebrating the husband’s birthday. Brush uses literary devices in the short story in order to show, an open interpretation that men could be cruel people in a specific situation. Proceeding through the beginning this short, Brush uses caricature in order to show the youth of the couple. Even if, to an audience of the twenty-first century, they are young at the age of thirty and above, they are a loving couple.
Childish in manner, the memories of a hidden box of private things, a locked diary, a Hairy Man, and a cherry bomb are characterized as youthful and naive. These memories value and embrace the importance of childhood summers, and this is emphasized when the narrator symbolizes her cherry bomb as a “memento of good times”. The narrator’s childhood was a good time full of youthfulness and naivety, and all she worried about was the dangers of an exploding cherry bomb, and all her good times were tucked away into a simple cigar-smelling
Salinger uses satire as the tone of this novel most popularly seen in Holden. Holden's witty remarks and smart alec nature is effective tool in what makes this novel work. This book appealed to me on logical way. After seeing what Holden had experienced this makes the outcast world seem more understandable and why certain individuals act and feel the way they do.
The Laughing Man and The Catcher in the Rye are both fictional works by JD Salinger. The Laughing Man is a short story about a young boy in the Comanche Club where the Chief, a law school student, tells stories; The Catcher in the Rye is a novel about Holden Caulfield, a teenager struggling to come to terms with all the phoniness in the real world. The Laughing Man is narrated in the first person by an unnamed narrator, who is looking back at a period of his life when he was nine years old. As the story goes on, it becomes obvious that the Chief, by telling the narrator and the other Comanches about The Laughing Man, is in some ways describing his own life. One literary element that both works feature is a strong theme.
The depressed teenager cuts himself out from the rest of society because he can not stand how "phoney" most of the peers around him are. This is why Salinger included the red hunting hat throughout this novel because Holden likes to wear his hat backwards so he can be divergent from society. The boy will do anything to make him happy, or different "... I swung the old peak way around back-very corny, I'll admit, but I liked it that way. I looked good in it that way" (Salinger 18).
Text Analysis Practicum Course Instructor: Dr. Lorelei Caraman Dimişcă Bianca-Melania Russian - English Childhood vs. adulthood in J.D. Salinger’s “The Catcher in the Rye” “The Catcher in the Rye” is a novel written by J.D. Salinger in 1951. The book is one of the most controversial books ever written and its popularity comes from the author’s rough attitude towards society from the perspective of a teenager. “The Catcher in the Rye” is thought to be J.D. Salinger’s masterpiece and it is listed as one of the best novels of the 20th century. In 2009 Finlo Rohrer affirmed that even 58 years later after the book has been published it is still considerate “the defining work on what it is like to be a teenager”. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Catcher_in_the_Rye)