4. DATA SOURCES AND DESCRIPTIVE STATISTIC 4.1 Data Sources This paper uses the annual data from 14 countries in Asia which have already established capital market in their countries in 8 year period times between 2005 and 2012. The countries are Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, China, South Korea, Taipei, Mongolia Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Sri Lanka. All data is cover countries at East Asia, South East Asia, and South Asia which is taken from Asian Development Bank publication: Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013.
Between 650 and 1750 C.E., the Indian Ocean region became one of the most important centers for trade. During this period, one significant change regarding commerce in this region was the development of new technological advancements that helped facilitate trade. Another major change was the increased involvement of the Europeans in the Indian Ocean commerce shortly after discovering it. Despite these changes, the types of goods traded and the trade routes continued to stay the same.
In the 16th century, the Portuguese was able to find a route around the Cape of Good Hope that got them involved in the Indian Ocean trade. The trade was dominated by Asian traders who operate from East Africa to India and from Eastern India to Indonesia. The Portuguese replaced these Asian traders to Venetian, Genoese and Catalan traders. Soon in 1507-1515, Portugal conquered carefully calculated cities like Goa, Malacca and Hormuz and set up a base in these cities. The impact the Portuguese bring to the Indian Ocean trade is when they enter the trade for the benefit of wealth and power over Spain and the Muslims, they took control over trading cities with spices through the use of violent force and strategic methods which cause the Portuguese
Between 650 CE and 1750 CE, commerce in the Indian Ocean region flourished. Some significant changes included the technological advancements, specialization of goods, and the empirical control of trade. Although there were many new developments, some continuities of the Indian Ocean region included the types of goods traded, the routes taken to trade those goods, and the familiarization of monsoons. Overall the Indian Ocean region flourished in commerce and trade overtime due to the changes and developments of ideas causing the world to be more globally connected. What made the Indian Ocean commerce possible were the monsoons, alternating winds currents depending on the season.
From 600 AD to 1750 AD, the expansion of trade and commerce on the Indian Ocean was transformed by traders and merchants from peoples such as Persians, Arabs, and Indians. However, there are more changes because of the participation of other cultures and people in the trading system. One significant continuity was the use and emergence of the same trade routes for both exports and imports of goods such as ivory, gold, and iron. A significant change was how the commerce around the Indian Ocean economically flourished. Places like East Africa, the Red Sea, India, and the Persian Gulf were all incorporated into the trade route when the commerce was rapidly developing in the Indian Ocean.
When looking back on the changes and continuities of commerce throughout the Indian Ocean regions from 650 AD to 1750 AD, many noteworthy aspects can be seen. One such continuity was repeated usage of trade routes by different merchants and economic groups to import and export goods. Another significant change was the increase of involvement by European traders. Overtime they began to involve themselves more and more in the Indian Ocean trade networks and even began to colonize land.
Comparison and Contrast Essay While the Indian Ocean and Trans-Saharan trade routes both encouraged and facilitated the spread of Islam, the Indian Ocean saw a more extensive diffusion of disease, and traded across water instead of land. Islam was a widespread religion amongst both trade routes, but other religions, like Buddhism, were not as popular along the Trans-Saharan route. Through the time period, we see evidence of Islam’s dominance in the form of muslim architecture and the rulers of the time period.
Indian Ocean Trade: The Indian Ocean trade routes ran through Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa. During the classical era it involved the Mauryan Empire, the Han Dynasty, and the Achaemenid Empire. Coastal areas used dhows, a type of boat, to maneuver the seasonal monsoon winds, and after the domestication of camels trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, slaves, incense and ivory became popular. The Indian Ocean trade routes also influenced the spread of religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. Silk Road: The Silk Road was established in the Han Dynasty of China.
Name: Stephen Catterall Student ID: 864309 Unit 407 – International Business Strategy (Blended MBA, 2014) Assignment Report for senior management evaluating how well ANZ Banking Corporation, is currently performing, and recommending how it can improve its international business performance with a view to its further expansion into the China (PRC) market. Chair: Dr. Vanaja Karagiannidis Date: 25th August 2014 Word Count: 2,649 Table of Contents 1 Executive Summary 4 1.1 Project Summary 4 1.2 Procedures Used 4 1.3 Problems Identified 4 1.4 Results 4 1.5 Recommendations 4 2 Introduction 6
JB Hi-Fi Limited (JBH) 1. Macro economic factors and Industry Analysis a. Describe the firms economic environment and evaluate how this has impacted historic firm performance and is likely relevant to future performance. b. Perform an industry analysis and evaluate the level of competition in the industry/ies that your firm operates 2. Business Strategy Analysis Identify the key success factors and risks of the firm 's strategy and the sustainability of profits generated by the strategy given the threat of competition.
In the contemporary society, there are an increasing number of people involved in the globalisation. I choose the topic of international trade. And in the following paragraphs, I am going to introduce what is international trade, other possible benefits of trading globally and the bottom line. (Heakal 2015) Thanks to the international trade that allows us to expand the market for goods and services.
STUDENT NAME: - ANKIT ANKIT STUDENT ID: - C0721272 ASSIGNMENT:1 CASE STUDY ON Made in Brazil, worn in the Middle East: Exporting Footwear to New Markets (Brazil’s footwear industry) Question1). What advice on documentation requirement would you give a Brazilian footwear company who wants to export its products to Saudi Arabia? Answer) Advice on documentation requirement to Brazilian footwear company: - • Each consignment of imported merchandise must be joined by a certificate of conformity from an approved investigation organization. • All the norms of customs should be met so that the goods are not held in customs of either side of transaction.
1. What corporate diversification strategy is being pursued by Sany? What evidence do you have that supports your position? The Sany Heavy Industry Co. Ltd might be a company pursuing a low level of diversification which uses a single business corporate strategy.
Cost of Capital Analysis The GraceKennedy Group’s objectives when managing capital are to safeguard the Group’s ability to continue as a going concern in order to provide returns for owners and benefits for other stakeholders and to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital. During 2014, the Group’s Strategy, which was unchanged for 2013, was to maintain a debt to equity ratio not exceeding 100%. The debt equity ratios at 31 December 2014 is a