Something will always need to be fixed in society because society is a reflection of us, and we are not perfect. Recently, there’s been many issues that have caught the attention of people living all across the world. Things such as police brutality, sexual assault in the workplace, and immigration law, just to name a few, but there’s also been an underlying issue that people are becoming more informed about, and that I believe matters - prison reform. Prison reform matters because in many instances, prisoners are treated inhumanely when they are locked up, and aren’t treated as humans when they have served their time. I believe we can bring about change in the prison system by changing the way we punish people who do commit crimes and focusing more on actual rehabilitation.
There’s always something to fix in society because society is a reflection of us, and we are not perfect. Recently, there’s been many issues that have caught the attention of people living all across the world. Things such as police brutality, sexual assualt in the workplace, and immigration law, just to name a few, but there’s also been an underlying issue that people are becoming more informedinormed about, and that I believe matters - prison reform. Prison reform matters because in many instances, prisoners are treated inhumanely when they are locked up, and aren’t treated as humans when they have served their time. I believe we can bring about change in the prison system by changing the way we punish people who do commit crimes and focusing more on actual rehabilitation.
More focus was placed on rehabilitation programs in order to focus on recidivism in prisons. Long term offenders were placed under state supervision rather than county jails. Due to major increases in the prison population several forms of legislation and programs were created to reduce the number of incarcerated inmates. In the late 1970’s the Extended Work Release Program was approved by the Legislature to allow eligible inmates to live and work in the community under intensive supervision during the final stages of their sentences and the Litter Control Act was passed where inmates are allowed to earn time credits towards their sentences. In the 1980’s the Community Corrections Act was enacted to establish the Supervised Furlough Program, the Prison Overcrowding Powers Act authorized the Governor to declare a state of emergency when certain conditions of overcrowding exist and the Omnibus Criminal Justice Improvements Act was passed to modify the procedures allowed in the Prison Overcrowding Powers Act for early release.
This model focuses on the individual needs of the offender and in doing so increases their chance of living sober once they reenter society. For example, indeterminate sentencing allows offenders who exhibit good behavior and participate in prison substance abuse programs to be paroled closer to the minimum sentencing term. This means the offender can be released from prison based on conditions set forth by the court. If the offender violates parole by committing another crime or failing to continue substance abuse treatment, they can be returned to prison. Furthermore, offering indeterminate sentencing for offenders who meet the criteria creates prison space thus helping with the ongoing problem of prison overcrowding (Seiter,
The Yuma Territorial Prison opened in 1875, but the first prisoners were not moved to the prison, in till 1876. Over three thousand prisoners were housed during the thirty-three years the prison was operational. Yuma Territorial Prison is perceived throughout its many roles as a luxury for the community in Yuma, Arizona. The community in Yuma, Arizona might think this because of the many benefits the prison gave the inmate’s and the town people. In view of the community the prison played many roles other than just being a prison.
I have learned a lot about prisons and how they function within this chapter. Prisons today compared to prisons back in the day show a drastic change. Take into consideration the Penitentiary Era (1790-1825), Mass Prison Era (1825-1876), Reformatory Era (1876-1890), Industrial Era (1890-1935), Punitive Era (1935-1945), Treatment Era (1945-1967), Community-Based Era (1967-1980), Warehousing Era (1980-1995), and the Just Deserts Era (1985-present) (Schmalleger & Smykia, 2015, p. 214-217). The Just Deserts Era is punishing criminals because they have earned the right to be punished. They are simply given what they deserve.
Mandatory minimum sentences were established as the response to complaints from politicians and the public that offenders weren’t serving long enough terms for their convictions. These sentences stipulate a minimum period of incarceration that people convicted of selected crimes must serve (p.80). Mandatory minimum sentences apply primarily to drug offenses, murder, aggravated rape, felonies involving firearms, and felonies committed by people who have previous felony convictions (4). An example of a mandatory sentencing is the three-strikes laws. Under these laws, the judge is required to sentence offenders to long prison terms if they have three felony convictions, sometimes they are sentenced to life without parole.
As a criminal justice major, I was able to take numerous courses that thoroughly analyzed the many aspects of our country’s prison system. These courses taught me that in a system where oppression is rampant, social injustice will also be prevalent. Particularly, the issues of death by incarceration, racial disparities and the prioritization of punitive measures rather than treatment filled me with an indescribable rage. Consequently, my frustration left me with a sense of disappointment and hopelessness and led to me to question whether social equality would ever prevail. This mindset changed after I had the honor of being selected to participate in the Inside-Out Prison Exchange service-learning course.
Skarbek 's essential case is that the fundamental request in California detainment facilities originates from exactly what the greater part of us would expect is the wellspring of confusion: the significant possess, which are in charge of by far most of the exchange drugs and other stash, including cellphones, in a correctional facility. "Jail packs wind up giving administration in a severe however powerful way," he says. "They force obligation on everybody, and in a few ways the jails run all the more easily as a result of them. " They have business out in the city, as well, however their important action and power dwells in detainment facilities, where different groups are the primary forces holding them under control. Skarbek, who’s most genuine criminal offense to date is a moving infringement, constructs his decisions in light of information crunches from jail frameworks (mainly California 's, which has examined possess in point of interest) and the records of detainees and prison guards themselves.
The uneven distribution of health care workers in the surrounding communities will be addressed by providing incentives to the workers in wealthier districts who are willing to be relocated to work in the poor areas. The need for more attention to behavioral health in the community can be attended to by establishing mandatory screenings at primary care visits which will test for various mental health issues. The problem of bed shortages for patients in the hospitals can be solved by partnering up with other outpatient facilities to take on patients who are required to stay for more than one day in the hospital. We will also try to recover from the exclusion of the SHR health care plan for state employees in Arizona, in 2008, by lowering the costs of SHR’s plan in relation to the other two competing
Major Political Actors Bill AB 1124 was approved by Governor Jerry Brown on 6th October 2015. The bill stipulates that the administrative director should create a drug formulary before 1st July 2017 to be in the medical treatment schedule regarding medications prescribed to workers in the compensation system (Perea 2016). The important bill was introduced by democrat Henry Perea with the goal of preventing the overutilization of numerous drugs and opioids. Also, the bill aimed at saving taxpayer’s money for other important ventures while still meeting worker’s requirements for medication within the system. Henry Perea’s decision to sponsor the bill was informed by a study that revealed the numerous savings states like Washington and Texas were making by adopting formularies.
Recidivism costs the state of Florida more than $150 million annually (Florida Department of Corrections). A strong financial incentive is not the only thing bringing Florida legislators to the table however; electoral calculations also are a draw for the legislators. Reducing the amount of felons in Florida through education programs and through an improved rehabilitation system while cutting state prison spending is a platform that appeals to Democrats and Republicans alike. Legislators campaigning for re-election will be able to tout effective criminal justice reform as one of their accomplishments over their past term. When a task force studied recidivism for the state of Florida in 2004, it concluded that “the loss of civil rights upon conviction of a felony” (Miller and Spillane 405) was an element of Florida’s criminal justice system that needed to be reformed.