Jakobson's Model Of Language Functions

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Hymes (1968:115) sets up a model of language functions which is similar to Jakobson's, but he adds a new seventh function, the contextual (situational) one. As opposed to Jakobson, he is against the view that any given message can be analyzed in terms of a hierarchy of functions such that one function is dominant , since the defining characteristics of some speech events may be a balance, harmonious or conflicting, between more than one function. If so, the interpretation of a speech event is far from assigning it to the one of seven types of function. 2.2.5 Finch's Model (1998) Using a language as a primary means of communicating thoughts is so natural for many people , but it is difficult to realize what in fact language…show more content…
There are several macro functions, but it is better to describe them following the linguist, Micheal Halliday, who calls them Metafunctions are as follows: 1. Ideational Function: Language is used as an instrument of thought, and to identify things , it is also used as a symbolic code to represent the world around us. In a sense we bring the world into being linguistically, the ideational function, then, is the function in which we conceptualize the world for our own benefit and that of others. 2. Interpersonal Function: It emphasizes that language is mainly a social phenomenon, but apart from enabling communication with other people it enables to project the speaker in the desired…show more content…
Such fans often shout instructions, express support, or disappointment, curse words are also used to serve this purpose, as they rarely convey any meaning and are only to make the speaker feel better. 2. Phatic Function (for sociability) :The word Phatic comes from Greek which means 'utterance'; it's the same root from which we get 'emphatic'. The use of such phrases as 'nice day today', or 'how do you do?' is intended to link people and make the coexistence peaceful and pleasant , but they lack any informative content. The phatic use of language is characteristic of speech, but in certain types of writing it can also be noticed, as in letter for example, where the beginning Dear Sir/Madam and ending Yours Faithfully serve that function. 3. Recording Function :This function is represented by using language to make a durable of things that ought to be remembered. writing is probably the most significant function of language. There is evidence that the first writing system was produced in the Middle East as early 4000 BC. At the beginning the writing systems took forms of pictures representing the things with which they are associated, gradually developing into the alphabets in their present
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