When reading A Small Place by Jamaica Kincaid many people are offended and wonder what her purpose for writing the essay exactly is. Analyzing this story from the Marxist, Post-Colonial and Psychological lenses helps one to understand and perceive the purpose of A Small Place. One can analyze A Small Place, by Jamaica Kincaid through many lenses such as the way people behave in a society, how colonialism shapes cultures and lastly how the author relates to the story. When looking at A Small Place through the Marxist lens there is a obvious unequal distribution of power in the Antiguan society. North Americans and Europeans obviously frustrate Kincaid with their habits of tourism and how they act in their society.
A post-colonial lens can be applied. This deals with how the events in her story were shaped by colonialism. Kincaid has strong negative views towards colonialism because of how it changed her native island. She hates the destruction and deprivation
She shows the vital truth in her portrayal of Heathenism in The Headstrong Historian. “Father Shanahan told her that Anikwenwa would have an English name, because it was not possible to be baptized with a heathen name.” (Adichie 5) In thinking of native Africans as heathens, Father Shanahan represents the lack of regard/empathy that most Europeans had towards native Africans. The Headstrong Historian also demonstrates the vital truth in Ayaju’s story of the village of Agueke. The British attempted to shape the way the people of Agueke did trade. When the people refused, the British destroyed the village.
In Jamaica Kincaid’s A Small Place, Antigua has been pushed into the terrible state that it is today by a quality that all people share. Kincaid blames the current Antigua on the negligence that tourists, colonialists, and Antiguans all display. Jamaica Kincaid blames the perspective of the tourists for the crumbling state of Antigua. She emphasizes her hate of the physical and spiritual ‘ugliness’ of the tourists. “Since you are a tourist the thought of what it would be like for someone who had to live day in, day out in a place that suffers constantly from droughts [...] must never cross your mind” (4).
(1) This evidence shows that the tax was unevenly distributed amongst the French population, especially the Third Estate that was impoverished. This caused a financial unrest between the king and the tax paying Third Estate. On the other hand, in the American revolution, all of the thirteen colonies had to pay tax to the British. They found this unfair, because they had no representation in the British parliament, and they said: “taxation without representation is tyranny” (2). This makes it clear that the Americans had no rights or say in the British government.
Especially with the non-Catholics or Protestants that they have subjugated, they were very hostile with. In general, La Leyenda Negra was an anti-Spanish view of the Spaniards from the locals of the countries that they have colonized abroad. It is, however, a little biased narrative that deteriorates the image of the Spaniards since it is a narrative for the anti-Spanish people. The Black Legend was first introduced by the Spanish historian Julian Juderias in 1914, named La Leyenda Negra y la Verda Historica (The Black Legend and the Historical Truth). Propaganda about how poorly the Spaniards treated the countries they had conquered.
The conqueror has no interest in the culture of the conquered that are considered in need of civilizing. As a result of civilizing mission/ the mask of imperialism, colonized people have been stripped of their own language and, without their own culture, they lived with inferiority complex. As Fanon says “The Negro is enslaved by his inferiority, the white man is enslaved by his superiority” (Fanon 42). Gandhiji also points out that “Hundreds of youth believe that without knowledge of English, freedom for India is practically impossible...All these are for me signs of our slavery and degradation” (Gandhi 175). Even though all the nationalist leaders were unique in their struggle for freedom, their notions of the colonizer were the
Another strong image is created when he suggests using the children’s skin to make lady’s gloves and men’s summer boots, which is terrible and gruesome to even think about. This example points out that the upper classes’ fine dress is coming at the expense of the lower class. Swift used imagery as an underlying factor, so the government and other readers would not be able to commit to the proposal because Swift really doesn’t want the proposal to
The colonists no longer considered it be a virtuous government. As Thomas Paine said, “Government is, or at least should be, designed to “supply the deflect of moral virtue”. It is evident that in the years 1774 to 1776 that British government had become corrupt and they were forcing laws upon the colonists that they did not have the authority to do. By enforcing these laws without giving the colonists proper representation in Parliament the British government had infringed on the colonist’s rights to life, liberty, and
They attributed the 1857 uprising to the Muslims alone who were considered the “main culprits” and thus bore the brunt of British wrath. In order to prevent recurrence of any uprising, the British deliberately followed a repressive policy against the Muslims who were also kept out of responsible government jobs. In looking for the causes of the “Mutiny”, the British colonial rulers alighted on two things: religion and the economy. On religion it was felt that there had been too much interference with indigenous traditions, both Hindu and Muslim. On the economy it was believed that the previous attempts by the Company to introduce free market competition had undermined traditional power structures and bonds of loyalty placing the peasantry at the mercy of merchants and money-lenders.