Darwin’s theory of natural selection is the process of an organism being better adapted into it’s environment than other species and the stronger and better evolved the more likely it was that that organism would pass its traits on to its offspring. This is important because it explains how animals adapt and become more suited for the environment they live in. (2) Why was Darwin’s voyage on the Beagle so important to the development of his theory? Be sure to provide examples from the film to support your answer. Shows that he would have the chance to collect rocks and animals to study as an amateur naturalist.
A discourse contains both exclusions and inclusions i.e the possible and not the possible. The exclusions and inclusions stand in opposite relationship to other discourses. Foucault’s principle of discontinuity highlights the fact that: “We must make allowance for the complex and unstable powers whereby discourse can be both an instrument and an effect of power, but also a hindrance, a stumbling block, a point of resistance and a starting point for an opposing strategy” (Foucault, 1978:
Hofstede views culture as “the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another” (1994, p. 5). It is apparent from this definition that Hofstede is stressing the power of culture in assorting people into distinct categories or strata based on different qualities and characteristics that they embody. Matsumoto contends that culture is “the set of attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors shared by a group of people, but different for each individual, communicated from one generation to the next” (1996, p. 16). Hence, Matsumoto believes that culture is the possession of one group of people which is passed from one generation to another. Samovar and Porter provide a more detailed
Globe proposals nine cultural dimensions, a number of these are just like Hofstede’s Dimensions of National Culture (Shore and Cross, 2005 cited by he & Liu, 2010). However, Globe’s theory remains a replacement theory while not enough test; therefore, it will not be observing during this study. Hall’s high context-communication and low context communication will excellently serve for the society communication study and conflict-resolution studies (Kim, Pan and Park, 1998 cited by he & Liu, 2010). During this study, each Hofstede’s Dimensions has been discussed thoroughly by comparing all the prospect of how Multinational Companies operate there working in this field in USA &
Trompenaars has classified national culture within a system of dimensions, some of which are retracable to the model made by Geert Hofstede. Trompenaars has focused on the management of culture, in order to enrich the knowledge between western and eastern mentalities. Compared to the approach adopted by Hofstede,Fons Trompenaars has made a more detailed and has given a major importance in the dimensions made by Hofstede. Trompenaars has defined culture as "the way a human group solve its problems". As stated before Trompenaars has took the theory of Hofstede and modified it with the contribution of Charles Hampden-Turner.
Fieldwork consists of collecting data and information about a particular culture and interacting within the society’s natural environment (Fieldwork 1). Unlike the armchair anthropologists before him, Malinowski advocated, instead of studying other peoples from the comfort of university libraries, to go into the field and live with the people he was studying, engage in their community, learn their language, eat their food, and take part in their everyday life. Malinowski promoted collecting first-hand, empirical data through fieldwork. He emphasized the importance of objective, scientific methodology in cultural anthropology. Similar to other natural sciences, Malinowski argued that anthropologists should make their exact research methods clear and strive to reduce bias.
Ethnography is a methodology which is used scientifically to describe individual cultures and the people-hood within these cultures. Spradley (1979) describes culture as “the acquired knowledge that people use to interpret experience and generate social behaviour” (p. 5). Ethnography is a holistic and inductive method for studying people, places and processes (Creswell, 1994; Lincoln Guba, 1985) which has a long history in the social sciences. It is most commonly associated with anthropology but also has deep roots within sociology (Bernard, 2002). With regard to its inductive meaning, researchers ‘do’ ethnography in an attempt to capture through description, experience and analysis, the bottom-up, lived experience of individuals (Agar, 1996; Buraway, 1991; Hammersley and Atkinson, 1995).
Eventually cultures are created through communication. Culture and communication have been characterized and re-characterized over and over, as these are the ideas that are personally connected with what is inherently human. In reality, from an anthropological perspective, culture got to be merged with every last bit of its variables at the point when man initially seemed and made interpersonal associations with the diverse people framing separate groups, subsequently considering intercultural communication. Dialect has dependably been considered, from the time of the Tower of Babel, as one of the impediments to intercultural correspondence, however in our universe of globalization also information transfers, this thought may be tested by the spread of
Therefore, evolution favors traits that promote genetic diversity because the conditions on Earth are always changing, and genetic variability provides organisms a better chance of survival than organisms that do not have genetic variability. 2. Describe a situation in which asexual
As humans, we have a connection to people of the world based solely on our physical and chemical makeup of being a living, breathing human being. These bonds are almost instinctual; Being humans is something that we all relate too and experience every day, some experiences differ from others, but all needs are similar. We as people of this earth depend on human connections and interactions to fulfill our need for emotional well-being. There are many different versions of this relationship we seek, some stemming from blood connections like family or even just strangers that we have a common interest with. However, what connects more people than all others I believe is what we call culture.