Maria Mitchell was born in Nantucket, Massachusetts on August 1, 1818, and was one of nine brothers and sisters. Her family were Quakers and believed in equal education for men and women. Maria attended local schools and was tutored by her father. He taught her how to use a telescope when she was twelve, and she helped him calculate exactly when the annual solar eclipse would be. By the time she was fourteen, she was writing directions for sailors’ whaling trips.
1) Isaac Monroe Cline was born October 13, 1861. He was an outstanding meteorologist who worked for the Weather Bureau or now known as the National Weather Service. He grew up in Tennessee with his two parents, Mary and John and his brother Joseph. He attended Hiwassee college. His first real job was as a priest.
He was born “at Weybridge, Vermont, in 1797, was graduated from Middlebury College in 1816 and later studied botany under John Torrey and James Eaton, and medicine under his brother, Dr. John James” (Wood). These qualifications helped him be selected to accompany Major Stephen Long on the Long Expedition of 1820. He also provided medical assistance and scientific illustrations when needed. Edwin James, Stephen Long, and countless other scientist-mountaineers went on this expedition to survey the Platte and the
Lewis knew that if he wanted to successfully navigate the territory, he was going to need certain scientific skills. Lewis traveled to Philadelphia in the spring of 1803 to study with scientist Andrew Ellicott. Here Lewis was taught mapmaking skills and surveying. He was tutored in botany by Smith Barton, mathematics by Robert Patterson, astronomy by Caspar Wistar, and he was taught medicine by Benjamin
Jefferson was excited to learn what this new land held. On February 28, 1803, congress approved the expedition Jefferson had presented. $2,500 was put aside by Congress for the expedition as well. After the expedition was approved, Jefferson assigned Meriwether Lewis to lead the expedition. Lewis chose William Clark to co-lead the expedition with him.
Jedediah S Smith was a great mountain man, fur trapper, and a great leader. He was born in June 24, 1798, Bainbridge, N.Y and died May 27, 1831, near Cimarron River. Smith made his first trip west while still in his teens. In 1822 he joined a fur-trading expedition to the rocky mountains and continued in the Rocky Mountain trade business. In 1824 Smith belonged to the party that reestablish the South Pass, a passage to the North west through Wyoming.
Robert Fulton invented the steamboat during the Industrial Revolution. Robert Fulton was born on November 14, 1765, in Little Britain Township, PA. Robert Fulton had three siblings, which are Abraham, Mary, Isabella, and Elizabeth. Robert was able to learn to read, at home, and so, he went to Quaker. Although, Robert Fulton didn’t came up with the idea of the steamboat, he built the first working steamboat. Few years later, Robert Fulton, stayed in PA, as a painter.
After becoming interested in biology and chemistry, he went to New York University medical school for training. This is where most of his inspiration came from in making the polio vaccine. While attending New York University medical school, Salk was invited to research for a year about influenza. After making an immunity of influenza, this project became a basis in his later work in
Ralph Waldo Emerson’s childhood and early years in ministry led to his involvement in the Antebellum Reform. Born in May of 1803, he was the son of a well-known Boston minister, William Emerson, and his wife Ruth. However, when Emerson was almost nine, his father died. Emerson grew up in Boston, Massachusetts and received his education from the Boston Public Latin School. He was accepted into the Harvard Divinity School at the age of fourteen.
Once Charles Darwin returned to England in 1836, Darwin began to write up his findings in the Journal of Researches, published as part of Captain FitzRoy 's larger narrative and later edited into the Zoology of the Voyage of the Beagle. The voyage had an enormous effect on Darwin’s view of natural
Charles Darwin has impacted the world of science by believing in theory of natural selection and evolution. Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, the date February 12, 1809. When Charles was twenty-two he began a five-year voyage. He studied specimens all over the world which drove him to develop his approach on evolution and natural selection. Charles Darwin announced his concept of evolution publically at a meeting of the Linnean Society.
Edison would improve his invention until November 4, 1879, when he filed a patent for a light bulb using "a carbon filament or strip coiled and connected to platina contact wires". Months later, Edison discovered carbonized bamboo that was the long-lasting filament of 1,200 hours he was searching for over a