Paul established distinct black only religious and educational institutions, in many cities throughout the north. He conducted revival tours for the Baptist Missionary Society, therefore in his absence, minister Nathaniel Hall, his son, was called to preach. Similarly, Thomas Paul’s brothers were ministers as well and his younger brother traveled internationally as an antislavery speaker. His oldest son, Thomas Paul, Jr. worked on the Liberator alongside the famous abolitionist, William Lloyd Garrison. Thomas Jr was also the first black graduate of Dartmouth College.
King was elected president of the SCLC and his job was to travel around the world informing people on non violent protests and civil rights, while also meeting with religious, and political leaders such as Richard Nixon. He even traveled to India and met with family members and followers of Gandhi, whom is the influence behind King’s non violent change (History). In February 1960, African American students started a non violent movement known as a “sit-in.” It was a form of nonviolent protest in which students would go to lunch counters that would not serve African American people and would sit there until they would either be served or kicked out. The students were protesting segregation at lunch counters and the movement Sachariason
Asa Philip Randolph was born April 15, 1889 in Crescent City, Florida. To James and Elizabeth Randolph, the father who was a Methodist minister. According to Biography.com, both were supporters of the equal rights for the African american population in the U.S (Biography.com Editors, "A. Philip Randolph"). In his later years he would attend Cookman institute, which was one of the only schools to offer higher education of the African American population. After that he would start the Brotherhood of Labor with his business partner Chandler Owen.
Greensboro North Carolina Sit Ins, 1960 The four juvenile back men who staoed the first sit-in in Greensboro were Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil, they were all students from the same collage, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College. They were swayed by the peaceful protest methods used by Mohandas Gandhi. As well as an early "Freedom Ride" planned by the Congress for Racial Equality (CORE) in 1947, in which interracial protesters rode across the upper South in a bus to trial a recent Supreme Court decision banning segregation in interstate bus travel. The "Greensboro Four"-as they became known-had also been driven to action by the brutal slauahter in 1955 of a young African American
Who was John Lewis? John Lewis was born in Troy, Alabama and grew up in a family of sharecroppers. He also grew up in an area of segregated schools. Lewis went to college in Nashville, Tennessee at Fisk University, where he learned about nonviolent protests. Lewis helped found the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and joined the freedom riders.
Around the age of 16, Frederick began writing ‘The Columbian Orator’ which spoke and clarified his views and told everyone what human rights are and how they are equal to both white and black. He taught other enslaved people on the plantation to read and write at a weekly church service. This became so good that more than 40 slaves showed up for his services. The plantation owners worried that Frederick’s service was becoming a small army, so they came to the service with clubs and stones then stopped the congregation permanently. Frederick was moved to Edward covey’s plantation.
She was a girl that walked a mile to school every day even thought there was Sumner elementary (white school) nearest to her home like seven blocks away but it was only for white students. Linda 's father, Oliver Brown, tried to enroll her in the white elementary school, but the principal of the school refused because his child is black (Watts and Roberson, Pg. 218). Brown decided to take the problem to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People willing to help the Brown family and filed their case happened in February 28, 1951.
Their teenage years was when blacks and whites were separated. He joined the navy at 18, June 1943. He thought he was too thin, so he went on a banana diet. Rolled over coke bottles to strengthen his arches and went to college for 2 years. He was determined to join so he did anything in his power to do so.
In the early sixties Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) an organization founded in April 1960’ by Ella Baker to achieve social civil rights for blacks. In 1961, another organization launched the Freedom Rides known as Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). To test compliance some of the Freedom Riders took a bus trip to Deep South and get some violent response. The first African-American student James Meredith was entered in one of the University of Mississippi. To protect him federal marshals were sent.
Did you know that in 1954 the civil rights movement started. The civil rights movement was supposed to end racism and it did. The reason Martin Luther King Jr wanted to stop racism was so that his children and his children 's children will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the size of their heart. His plan was for blacks to get arrested, but not fight back, to go in peace and come back in harmony. Between 1957 and 1968 he had walked over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times.
He went through school and graduated college with a degree in the field of a pastor. After the arresting of Rosa Parks, he quickly started to make a change. He started his movements with the Alabama/Montgomery bus boycott. The boycott was lead because of black people being forced to give up their seats to white people. The boycott was a success.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a very historical character. “We cannot walk alone.” (www.goodreads.com) Martin Luther King Jr. was born January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. King was an inspiration even when he was younger to help his community. For example, he was a minister and pastor in many churches because of his belief in God, he fought against racial prejudice, and became a sharecropper family in a poor farming community. King quoted “Life’s most persistent and urgent question is, ‘What are you doing for others?” (http://parade.com/) As inspiration in our life we can learn how to help one another instead of learning based on race.