Perception is the experience of something by means of our sense organs. It is triggered by stimuli, that is, external physical conditions that activate these organs and, in so doing, awaken latent perceptions in the mind. Perception is both physiological and psychological, involving the aesthetic experiencing of a place. It includes the aspects of human interaction, security, symbolism, social conditioning and comfort. The sensuous quality of a place is, therefore, the synergism of its physical characteristics and the mind of the viewer.
Output behavior becomes feedback to the system and may be either adaptive or ineffective responses. In addition, these responses may promote the integrity of the person. If the person's fulfill their need of survival, growth, reproduction and mastery, they established their integrity or wholeness. But ineffective responses do not support these goals. Coping mechanism can control processes of the person as an adaptation system, genetic or innate.
These systems are a set of behaviors activated by environmental stimuli. The attachment system is activated in order to reconnect with a person that provides them emotional safety. The exploratory system allows a person to explore their surrounding environment. Also, the fear/wariness system is used to withdraw from frightening and distressing situations. Another key feature of Attachment Theory are internal working models.
1. Context From Ancient Greece to modern times, individual differences in behaviour have been commonly understood as linked to temperament or personality. Some psychologists, starting with Freud, believed that such differences could be the result of hidden unconscious factors (psychodynamic approach). The promoters of behaviourism, such as Skinner, believed that personality aspects may be the result of conditioning by external factors. Some (for instance, Kelly) focused on cognition, others (such as Mischel) on social factors, while others (Maslow, Rogers) put an emphasis on individuals’ goals in the realization of their potential (humanistic approach).
In addition, our data suggest that the ideological significance of a metaphor can be better assessed when compared to and contrasted with metaphors used in complementary domains of experience; more generally, this may indicate a need not to dismiss the social and cultural history of the language under examination. Metaphorical animal terms for humans, often
I believe that if I understand what the brain is doing, I can see how I've been in the past, how I am now, and how I will be doing in the future. In Chapter 2, I noticed the plasticity of the brain. As the word plasticity itself is unfamiliar, I needed to know where this term originated. Physically, plasticity is a property that can not be restored to its original state when an object is deformed by a given force from the outside. However, in psychology and brain science, it is used as a term to describe changes in brain function and structure caused by external stimuli and environmental changes.
The topic of this assignment is to discuss and analyse what factors affect human behavior and in doing so how human behavior is shaped. But before discussing that, it is important to understand what human behavior is. To define it in a few sentences or words would not be sufficient as human behavior consists of many factors and therefore contributes majorly to who we are as a person. But to put it simply, it is defined as all actions and emotions that an individual portrays in response to the different kinds of stimuli they receive no matter whether these responses are conscious or subconscious and voluntary or involuntary (Merriam-webster.com, 2015). Behavior cannot be defined as permanent.
P4 - Factors that affect selection, planning and implementation of Creative and Therapeutic Activities. Setting: The setting or surrounding environment is essential to selecting, planning and implementing a suitable activity according to the needs of the service user. Selecting an activity requires you to acknowledge the setting it will take place in, therefore the Setting affect the deliverance of the activity. The setting will also affect the planning of the activity by considering the possibilities and risks, in order to structure out a satisfactory plan to carry out the activity advisable to the service user or group. After planning the activity chosen, the setting is what sets the scene and image of the deliverance of the activity to fit the atmosphere of the Care home.
5. Pattern of exposure. - Visually impaired person’s needs of lighting vary greatly according to the individual and his/her eye condition. - Although the main goal of the design maybe to accommodate low vision occupants, other senses must be considered as well because when the human body is exposed to an environment and respond to it, all the of our senses are employed to develop or enrich our comprehension of our movement and the surrounding space. - Sky condition and its changing patterns of luminance means that the window’s luminance will also be changed & although this can generally be counted as an advantage for the display and addition of interesting lighting in a space, the moving patches of high illuminance can indeed cause visual distraction which must be greatly considered.
Unlike behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy focuses on the mind and not the actions of the patient, but like behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy attempts to help them get rid of unwanted behaviors. Dr. Beck was originally a psychoanalyst, so the fact that both cognitive and psychodynamic therapy attempt to expose something in the mind through looking at past events is understandable. However, cognitive therapy focuses on thoughts, while psychoanalysis looks at feelings. Both cognitive and humanistic therapies focus on conscious thoughts and promote a positive self-image, but cognitive therapists expose destructive thought processes, while humanistic therapists act as a nonjudgmental sounding board for their clients’ thoughts and feelings (Meyer,