Frederick Douglass addressed the graduates at Western Reserve College on July 12, 1824. Douglass speech used a formal tone with advance word choices to target his educated audience. In his speech “The Claims of the Negro Ethnology Considered”, he makes two main claims challenging the claims of white men. One, black people are humans and should be treated as humans. Douglass explains that black people possess all the qualities that qualify someone as human. He continued to explain that white and black people, in America, come from different backgrounds, they both share the same origins. Therefore, America denying black people rights granted to all humans is immoral. His second claim is that white people separate black people from humanity in
In the field of education we can once again notice how affirmative action becomes a failure over time. At the very beginning of affirmative action we did believe that it was something fair since it would have helped the country to give the ability to people from the minorities to have access to education and show their real value, since we need to notice that due to ignorance, some whites men used to think that black people for instance could not be educated and be able to ask critical questions. By the way, we do not blame them since actually maybe that this idea of the intellectual black man was strange to them. But when a policy helps one group to catch up the other group’s level of education due some discriminations going on before like the Brown v. the board of education case, we can agree with it at the beginning, however doing the same thing over and over for 50 years can become problematic. Tell us what do we actually want to catch up? The number of educated people within the minorities or we just need to have some well educated people among them who may be raised before the others as examples of success. I think if we want to be fair, the second option is the best. Rather than that affirmative action, tends up to today to privilege a group over the other. As a consequence of that, we must know that it may sooner or later lead to the protest of some of the people discriminated who have
Shortly after 6 pm on April 4th, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated. At the time, King was at the Lorraine Hotel in Memphis, Tennessee . As he was standing on the balcony of his hotel room, he was struck in the head by a sniper. The assassin was none other than a man known as James Earl Ray. It is theorized that James Earl Ray had worked alone in the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr..
While preparing for this essay, i had to research both modern day and historical examples of discrimination. And while thinking about discrimination
Although there was no slavery in the North, “How Free Were Free Blacks in the North”. Though blacks were free in the North they were extremely restricted in many aspects of life. Blacks in the North had no sense of political,economic,or social freedom.
Income inequality is an ongoing issue in the world and race plays a major factor with this discrimination. The racial wage gap between black and white women has grown substantially since the 1980s (Pettit and Ewert 2009). Racial and ethnic wage gaps are significantly larger for men than for women. Based on the 1981 CPS date, black-white earnings are 0.67 for men vs. 0.97 for women, while Hispanic-white earnings are 0.72 for men and 0.90 for women (Bayard, Hellerstein, Neumark, and Troske 1999). I am going to explain two factors that contribute to income inequality, race and ethnicity, and gender.
The segregation of schools based on a students skin color was in place until 1954. On May 17th of that year, during the Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education, it was declared that separate public schools for black and white students was unconstitutional. However, before this, the segregation of schools was a common practice throughout the country. In the 1950s there were many differences in the way that black public schools and white public schools were treated with very few similarities. The differences between the black and white schools encouraged racism which made the amount of discrimination against blacks even greater.
As one of the most influential entertainment producers, Disney dominates the global market for ages attracting the countless audience around the world. However, Disney’s most famous “‘princess’ fairy tale stories” (Barker, 2010, p. 492) are criticized for racism and sexism. In 2007, Disney confirmed production of the film, The Princess and the Frog, featuring the first African-American Disney princess, Tiana. For Disney this film was the response to the accusation of racism and sexism represented in its animation. Also, it was filled with African American parents’ anticipation and excitement who longed for a non-stereotypical black woman on the screen (Breaux, 2010, p. 399). The movie is about a waitress, Tiana who strives to open her own restaurant
The American dream at one point was what drew people to American; the right to life, liberty, and the happiness. The American dream is the hope to acquire currency, large homes, raise a middle-class family, and pursue what brings people joy in life. But in the year 2016, the American dream becomes hard to believe in. The American dream may still exist, but it is not equally accessible to all Americans. This is true because the American dream is not affordable for everyone, it is not available to everyone from different degrees of education, and race and ethnicity creates large social barriers.
Weak affirmative action which is just an effort to ensure that all qualified minority groups are considered whereas the strong one is when some sort of preference is given to the minority candidate. Later the author concludes that he will focus on the strong affirmative action because it is the most controversial one. Then the author gives us many arguments of different people and critics for and against affirmative action. Later on, David Boonin gives us his own arguments in favor of affirmative action which are 1) the unfair disadvantage argument; 2) the (other) compensation argument; 3) the appeal to diversity; 4) the need for role models; 5) the bias-elimination argument; 6) race as a qualification. “I conclude that while affirmative action may prove to have some desirable features and some beneficial consequences, there’s no reason to believe that it’s morally obligatory. As far as morality and justice are concerned, if a school or business or government declines to practice affirmative action, that’s okay” – says the
Throughout many of the affirmative action legal cases, one of the main arguments from proponents is that it is necessary in order to right the wrongs of past racial discrimination. Some say that affirmative action is justified because even though white applicants may be more qualified, this is only because they did not face the same hardships as their minority counterparts (Rachels, Ethics, 1973). Many argue if we do not integrate disadvantaged minorities into mainstream social institutions, they will continue to suffer the discrimination that has plagued our country for centuries and that this is detrimental to not only the minorities but also society as a whole (Anderson, 2002, 1270–71). However, the debate has recently shifted to the benefits of diversity in the classroom which the Supreme Court has affirmed as being a positive thing
There are several ethical dilemmas presented in this case. The first is that of racial discrimination, or more specifically, reverse discrimination. Reverse discrimination is the unfair treatment of a dominant or majority group which results from policies established to correct discrimination of a minority group. If a person is not allowed to have the same privileges or rights as another because of his race, it is considered inequitable. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the basis for all discrimination issues as it outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion and national origin.
“The New Jim Crow offers a devastating account of a legal system doing its job perfectly well. We have simply replaced one caste system with another one.”
The racial inequality that we have in modern day blossomed from the historic oppression and comprehensive prejudice of minority groups. From the very beginning of “American” history, other groups of people who were not of European decent were discriminated against and treated inhumanely and without the smallest regard for their lives. Native American populations were decimated by diseases brought oversea by Europeans and forced from their ancestral lands by settlers to make room for their expanding populations. African people were enslaved by the millions and were used as tools of labor, and weren’t even regarded as humans,
In the book, When Work Disappears, William Julius Wilson focuses on how joblessness and poverty are caused within the urban area or society. Wilson concentrates not only on poverty or joblessness, but he also focuses on reasons why jobs are disappearing. Joblessness or urban joblessness would be considered one of the main focuses of this book. Wilson describes it as being one of many major problems that is often ignored. Wilson focuses on poverty within the city of Chicago, such as the inner-city ghettos. Not only did he focus on the city of Chicago, but he also focused on other cities with similar situations. Within the book, Wilson provides the audience with different reasons as to why there is poverty and joblessness within the urban area.