LEQ prompt 1 During the period between 1607 and 1754, the British had established colonies in North America, inspired by the riches and wealth gained by the Spanish upon the conquest of the Aztecs and Incas in the 16th century, the early British settlements had hoped for the same riches and discoveries in the northern Americas. The first successful permanent settlement was established in Jamestown Virginia, and as time advances the English established thirteen colonies divided geographically into three regions: new England, middle and southern colonies. Socially the English colonists were similar by the means that they shared an English heritage but differed greatly in lifestyle, politically and economically the colonies had many differences,
Colonial settlements shared very few similarities. In fact, the single uniting trait that they all had in common was what continent they were settled upon. Two regions, the Chesapeake Bay area and New England, both developed with significant variations. The differences in societal development between the New England Colonies and the Chesapeake Bay Colonies was due to the difference in the primary religion of the majority of settlers in the specific area and the people who desired to settle there which would help lead to the development of vastly different societies in the areas, the difference in climate, soil fertility and availability of resources in each area which would lead to the development of two different economies, and the form of
In the 17th century England, sent ships to North America to try and colonize North America. There were three regions of colonies set up in the England colonies. There were the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies. Each region was different in many ways. Settlers brought their values with them, and their personal reasons for coming over to North America.
The influence of the enlightenment on the American Revolution In 1607, Great Britain established their first colony on today’s Virginia. Great Britain continuously increased number of North America colonies; in 1754, number of colonies was as much as 13. To increase number of colonies, Great Britain fought numerous wars, won most of the wars and became one of the most powerful nations in the world at that time. How dare only 13 colonies could stand up to unfair treatment and various kinds of taxes payment?
In the early 1600’s British settlers colonized the east coast of North America forming a total of 13 colonies. These arising colonies began to grow and evolve into different societies despite being from the same region beforehand. One of the reasons that led to distinct separation among regions was social disjunctions. Others significant reasons include various economic incentives and political stance as well as religious motives. With varying social, economic, and religious disjunctions, the New England and Chesapeake regions both evolved into two distinct societies by the start of the 18’th century.
Most of the colonies in America were settled by the English, which makes them similar in many designs. However, there are a few aspects that differentiate between colonies, such as in the Chesapeake and New England regions. Reasons for settlement, religions, and geography all played an important role in the development of colonies in these regions. These conditions were natural and mostly subject to circumstances and conditions that were unchangeable. Nonetheless, no matter the modest causes, the effects were very substantial in helping to develop the uniqueness of each region.
Both the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening encouraged Americans and colonists to question the validity of those that held powerful positions, thus causing conflict. The Great Awakening had a major impact on different religious associations. Although there were certain denominations that were focused on more than others, there was still strife between the rationalists and the evangelists. During this time people had doubts about the relationship between the church and state because of the fear that the government would interfere with religion.
Towards the end of the Middle Ages, the monarchy began to expand their power and influence, eventually becoming absolute rulers. Having support from the merchant class, the monarchy attempted to unify and stabilize the nation states. In the late seventeenth, early eighteenth centuries, with hopes of expanding English trade and acquiring a broader market for English manufactured goods, the nation states were wealthy enough to fund voyages of discovery and exploration. Over time, ten colonies were established along the Atlantic coast of North America. The first permanent English settlement was established in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607 and in 1620 a ship landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts, marking it as the second permanent English settlement.
As colonies developed in the Americas, various similarities emerged between them. In New England, this included a tendency to oppose control in religious and political aspects. Many colonies formed in the search for religious freedom; however, this was often seen as a threat to the king’s authority. Religious differences often created conflict between the colonies and royal control.
The settling of the Northern Colonies began with the arrival of the Pilgrims, or Puritan separatists, to Plymouth. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, led by John Winthrop, was formed shortly after and became known as the "Bible Commonwealth" for its large religious influence. However, religious tensions began to arise with dissidents like Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams. The Rhode Island Colony was formed as a haven for these dissenters and exiles, and it became known as being strongly liberal and individualistic. The third New England colony, Connecticut, was led by Thomas Hooker and was the first to establish a "modern constitution" through the Fundamental Orders. The last northern colony, New Hampshire was created in 1679. Conflicts with the
This tolerance also emerges out of decreasing religions during the 18th century. According to Macmillan Learning, the decrease in religious importance helped to unify the country 's (129). As time progress more people were focusing on world events than previously in the 1700’s. Britain had lax control over the colonies at this point, the colonies tended to follow the same rules of governing even though the colonies were separate entities. This added to the sense of unity between nations.
One of the biggest effects of the Great Awakening on the Colonies was the way it prepared the people for the War of Independence. The Awakening made the colonists realize that they could have the religious power in their own hands rather than in those of the Church of England. As such, the colonists started to develop a vision of freedom from British rule. The climate created by the Great Awakening made the American Revolution possible. The movement brought religious unity to the colonies, which resulted in political and cultural unity as well.
The Great Awakening additionally inspired believers to follow their own beliefs despite what the church believes. Lastly, the Great Awakening challenged the right of civil authority to get involved in all matters of religion (7). Colonies were also created with religion in mind. For example, Maryland was created by Cecilius Calvert as a safe place for Catholics in 1634. Then in 1649, the Catholic leadership passed a religious toleration law.
One economic activity practiced regularly in the Middle colonies is the production of grains. Grains can be traded to both New England and Southern colonies, as grains are not commonly grown in either of these regions. Trading is also a major economic activity done in the Middle colonies, which is a strength in their business. However, ethnic differences caused tensions in income. Wealthier farmers who owned large farms made more money through export.