Yafa writes about Boston businessmen who made Lowell, Massachusetts the first planned industrial community. The mills (factories) were built, and instead of using men to run the textile (fabrics) mills, the Boston Associates used “healthy, young, farm girls to work the mills.” Often the girls were very young and were separated from their families, lived in boarding houses, and saved some of their very low wages to send back home to their parents and to save up for their dowries (to give to future husbands).
Living in a small conservative town called Oizumigakuen, for the first five years of my life, I was interpreted as an outsider due to my Chinese heritage. Although we lived a simple and amiable lifestyle, things began to change drastically for me when I started kindergarten at the age of three. I cried every single day going to school. To everyone, it
In Katherine Patterson's novel Lyddie, the main character is facing a difficult decision to sign a petition to decrease the number of working hours and decrease the dangerous working conditions. On on hand, she thinks she should sign because of how it is affecting her and her friends, but on the other hand, she could get blacklisted for doing so. Lyddie is working in a mill with harsh working conditions. The air is polluted, humid, and on top of all that, the hours they spend in the crowded room with the looms is over fourteen hours each day. She traveled from her home at the farm, then to a tavern where after being fired, realized the best place to go was to Lowell, Massachusetts.
Because of the poor pay wages workers received, families were forced to send their children. These children were forced to work in unsafe factory conditions. Kelley emphasizes that “... several thousand little girls will be working in textile mills… in the deafening noise of the spinales and the looms spinning and weaving.” She established herself as an equal.
The women that lived through the Meiji and Taisho Era were limited when it came to sources of income. Prostitution began after the Meiji Era Restoration. The struggles that were faced by women of this time in depicted in both “The Vagabond” and the movie “Street of Shame.” “The Vagabond” depicts Fumiko’s experiences of her life in the 1900’s during the national recession. During this time period life was pertained as humble, a struggle with poverty, “My father spent his life in poverty, buried in debts” (Hayashi, “Diary of a Vagabond” pg 123).
The Gilded Age Workers’ Experience After reading Sadie Frowne’s account, in The Story of a Sweatshop Girl. I was shocked how difficult the lives of the people that worked in these factories, during the Gilded Age, were. Frowne has always been poor and her family has always struggled with buying food and keeping their business running. Once Frowne’s father died, her family had it worse. Frowne started her working experience in her family’s shop, and when she got a little older her family came to the United States by ship.
Generally women’s rights and their rights to be treated equal have been slow compared with other developed countries. Women first gained the right to vote the 17th of December 1945 (NDL, 2004), which is 30 years after Denmark, 1915, and more than 50 years after New Zealand, 1893 (Log, 2015). But how have the opportunities for women changed, and have the Japanese business world established a tolerant and acceptable room for women co-workers? There are a lot of traditions in Japan, and expectations to the Japanese population, but how is it shown in the society? And most importantly, what kind of pressure is on the population, and how does it affect them?
Usually, a daughter of a poor farmer would be solicited by a labor dealer and are promised employment in factories. The true nature of work will only be discovered when she is taken into a comfort station and raped by Japanese soldiers. This system had targeted young daughters of poor peasant families, knowing that it was relatively easy to trick them due to their disadvantaged economic positions (Tanaka,
This did not happen; either the women were sacked to make way for the returning soldiers or women remained working alongside men but at lower wage rates” (“Striking Women”). Some women refused to accept these lower wages and went on strike. As a result of these strikes the War Cabinet established a committee. This committee said that if
It was bombed and sunk by the Japanese, 12 drowned, 22 were captured then killed by machine fire and the other 31 got away (Ergo, 2014) Along-side the war, women managed children and family responsibilities alone, shortages of resources (Australian Government, 2017). 300’000 women left the textile and clothing industries. 147’000 women went into transport services; 220’000 went into chemicals, 480’000 performed clerical tasks. No less than 2 million went into factories making planes, tanks, bayonets, bullets and bombs.
Dee Ann Sifuentes (picture unavailable) of Sidney Sugars has been an employee since September of 1977. When Sifuentes first started at the factory, she began on the beet end of things. Her duties included overseeing the beets come in as well as extracting the juice. “When I first started working for Sidney Sugars 38 years ago, there were only 7-8 women that worked here. Now there are 61 female employees at the factory out of the 251 that are employed here,” said Dee Ann when asked about changes in the factory over the past 30 years.
According to the chart in Japan 1892 “Average daily wage of a female silk factory worker is only 13 Sen.” (Doc C) female workers get pay only 13 sen a day. this amount of paid was not enough for living because at that time a pair of ladies indoor sandals already cost 7 Sen. It is just not right to pay the worker with little money especially when the workers spend all their day in the horrible factory conditions. A survey of the Japanese Silk Worker “70% said the pay was good and 0% said it was poor, overall experience 90% said it was positive.” (Doc F) . Almost everyone said the pay was decent and none of the workers were complaining about the wages.
The costs of the industrial revolution outweighed the benefits for the women; they had to work long hours, were trapped in the factories, and had little to no personal time. First of all, Women in silk factories had to work long hours. In document B it states that normal working hours in Okaya was 13-14 hours. They would work from 4:30 am to 7:30 pm. They did not have work straight from 4:30 am to 7:30 pm.
This devalued the jobs of women, as they stayed home and spun wool and stuff. Now there was machines to do that job. Additionally, these times widened gap between the wealthy and the poor. Unskilled workers, also known as “drifters” went town to town looking for jobs that worked for them.
From 1914-1918 women were hardly present overseas, although the few that were helping across the ocean were nurses, or drivers of the nursing trucks. At the end of World War 1, women did not want to leave their jobs in the factories which slowly led to a popular trend; double income homes. The world went into the Great Depression and in 1939, World War 2 started opening more jobs for women. Women worked in factories like they had in the First World War, but the biggest change in women at work and at war, was women were now allowed to do more overseas. Technology had changed and women were now allowed to fly airplanes, and operate radar towers.