The Japanese political and legal system presents a complex picture. On the one hand, Japan is a democratic state, with strong civic and legal institutions. On the other hand, the country has characteristics of nondemocratic systems. It is a democracy yet just one party, the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), has run the country almost continuously since the end of World War II. Japan is highly bureaucratic as well.
During the beginning of the Edo period (1603-1867), in Japan was ruled by strict customs and regulations intended to promote stability and peace. The Edo period was also known as the Tokugawa period because it was when the Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate. The Tokugawa period has brought two hundred and fifty years of stability in Japan. This period was characterized by economic growth, strict social order, isolationist foreign policies, a stable population, peace, and popular enjoyment of arts and culture. Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which effectively ruled Japan from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.
This was amended and turned into the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan in 1960, which sparked outrage and civil disobedience. The civil obedience of 1960 was massive and was a proof that Japanese were serious about the sovereignty of their country. The resignation of Prime Ministers of Japan is an evidence that democracy was in action in the country and the impact of people was present. When the Security Prime Minister Nobusuke was forced to sign amidst the protests and oppositions against the treaty. Also, In 2006 agreement between Japan and United States governments, it was decided to move MCAS Futenma from Okinawan to Guam, but this decision received little support, and later Hatoyama resigned, stating that he failed to fulfill one of his promises.
Our blows will not cease until the Japanese military and naval sources lay down their arms in unconditional surrender” (Wolk, “Sixty-Five Years On..”, 11). Truman was always concerned with American casualties; he knew that the United States had to keep fighting, but the loss of American life was becoming too great. On August seventh, 1945, Truman received a telegram from Richard Russell, the senator of Georgia. Within the telegram, Russell argues that it is extremely important that the United States brings the Japanese “groveling to their knees” (Russell 4) after what they did to
Japanese ministers met to discuss whether or not they would give in to the US, and three out of the six members thought that they should, while the other three were stoutly against it (Long, 2010). This stalemate was added on to when the Cabinet met to decide Japan’s fate, and they had more power than the previous group of officials who had met. They needed a unanimous favor, however, for the decision to pass, and although twelve members of the cabinet were in favor of surrender the other three who weren’t were more concerned about Japan’s loss of honor rather than its destruction (Long, 2010). The decision was finally made when Emperor Hirohito decided that he would no longer sit back and let the Americans reduce his country to ashes, and since he was revered as a god by his people, that made his decision more highly regarded than anyone else’s (Long, 2010). This, more than anything, shows just how little anything else would have worked against the Japanese.
With recent tensions rising between North Korea and the world, it is no surprise that the Japanese citizens are aligning themselves with a nationalist government. Japanese Prime Minister Abe has started to consider revoking the disarmament treaty. Revoking it would let Japan increase spending on the military, which would ultimately result in a much larger and advanced military. Although rearming the Japanese military would improve security in the country, it would only increase the tension, doing damage to not only myself, but future generations of Japanese citizens. A disarmament treaty was put into action by the United States after the surrender of Japan during World War II.
Commodore Matthew C. Perry had quickly opened up trade with Japan on March 31, 1854, when the Japanese realized that they could not compete with America’s tech and weaponry (Expansion in the Pacific, Perry Opens Japan, 12/12/17). Another example of the U.S. using its military to control was, again, just after the Spanish-American War in Cuba. When the U.S. set up a government to help rebuild Cuba, they backed up the government with the U.S. military. This most likely meant that the Cubans had to follow the law, or else the military would step in (Information About U.S. Foreign Policy on Cuba, 12/6/17). Others might say that the U.S. using its military was needed to open up Japan and that the military government was there only to help fix Cuba.
As per Kenneth Waltz in Sagan’s book, "the probability of major war among states having nuclear weapons approaches zero" (Sagan, Spring, 1994). The key to prevent war is to use the weapons responsibly. In contradiction, it is believed that nuclear proliferation can increase wars according to Scott D. Sagan (D.Sagan, Spring, 1994). Sagan also argued that for nuclear deterrence to work, it depends on the capabilities and will of the political leaders. If analyzed, it demands strength and emotional control in order to manage nuclear weapons or else the slightest cause of tensions between countries or even misunderstandings, can intensify into a war.
It ebbed briefly in the 1930s, on the onset of the Pacific War, when the government took measures in limiting the use and circulation of English, but was resumed with a new vigour after the War. The presence of English rapidly grew as well as the domains of its usage. The prolonged and intense language contact has resulted in the nativisation of English borrowings within the Japanese language system. For the overwhelming majority of the population of Japan their English proficiency is limited to the English skills obtained at school and university and picked up through international advertising, popular English-language media, and extensive Internet use. In this minimal form English has become a mass societal phenomenon in Japan and a potent instrument in the linguistic play.
Kim mentions the concepts of customs and the importance of its meaning not only in Korea, but also in other East Asian countries. Currently, the judicial system is governed so that justice is served for the individuals that have been unlawfully claimed or victimized. Compared to the law system today, the system from centuries ago was far from “existed not as a means of regulating