In World War II under the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt a document was signed that changed the lives of more than 120,000 people. This document was Executive Order 9066 which disclosed the orders of evacuating all Japanese-Americans from the West Coast (Lecture 12/1). This decision came to realization two months after the Japanese had bombed Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 1941. This event sparked paranoia with the President and the American people, because there were Japanese people living within the U.S. and they feared that the Japanese population would invaded America thinking that they were loyal to Japan. Due to the concern of the public, President Roosevelt was pressured to sign Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942 (Lecture
When you think of internment camps in World War II and the discrimination of an entire race, you probably think of the Nazi’s mass genocide of the Jewish people. However, not nearly as often discussed or taught, was the American discrimination of Japanese-Americans in the form of Japanese-American internment camps during World War II. Due to the terrible attack on Pearl Harbor, the American public became paranoid of another attack on American soil and as a result of this, war hysteria overtook the country. Anti- Japanese paranoia increased due to a large Japanese presence in the West Coast. The American people thought of the Japanese Americans as a security risk in the event of a Japanese invasion of the American mainland.
In the court case, they stated, “the Court nonetheless felt “that in time of war residents having ethnic affiliation with an invading enemy may be greater source of danger than those of a different ancestor.”’ (Rothenberg & Mayhew, 2014, pg. 551). They used the concept of “one bad apple spoils the whole bunch” to deal with the issues that were going on at the time. They disregard any personalities and qualities of every Japanese American. They removed the American and used only the Japanese of the term to “protection against espionage and against sabotage.” They say they are a “danger” because of what their “ancestors did.
Kellock J stated in this opinion that the word deportation is also the same as “to remove into exile” on legal grounds. This term was only to be applicable to foreigners in a state not citizens who were either born or naturalized in Canada who have no relationship with Japan except for race (p.12 of the chemical reference (2) Sir Lyman Duff). These citizens have not been convicted of any legal crime. On what grounds did the government have to put the Japanese on intern? Because the government didn’t have any evidence to clarify that the Japanese were allies with the Germans.
Building up to the mid 1940s, Japan’s resentment towards western civilizations grew in response to their forced trade relationships. After militarily taking over parts of China, Japan decided to strike the United States before they could respond to Japan’s belligerence. With the attack of Pearl Harbor, Japan pushed the United States to officially join the Second World War. Fear from the attack towards the Japanese and existing racism lead to the internment of the Japanese citizens of North America, which led to hostile relations between those of the Japanese and the Americans. Pearl Harbor created an overwhelming fear amongst the citizens of America of the Japanese.
Lobbyists from western states, many representing competing economic interests or nativist groups, pressured Congress and the President to remove persons of Japanese descent from the west coast, both foreign born (issei – meaning “first generation” of Japanese in the U.S.) and American citizens (nisei – the second generation of Japanese in America, U.S. citizens by birthright.) During Congressional committee hearings, Department of Justice representatives raised constitutional and ethical objections to the proposal, so the U.S. Army carried out the task instead. The West Coast was divided into military zones, and on February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 authorizing exclusion. Congress then implemented the order on March 21, 1942, by passing Public Law
The “Pearl Harbor, Day of Infamy” speech was given in 1941 in Hawaii, after a surprise attack from the Japanese, and twenty six thousand casilites. The “Address to the American People” also had facts such as it was given in 2001 in New York City, New York, it was a terrorist attack, and there were two thousand and nine hundred deaths. A couple things that they all have in common were they were delivered by presidents and was given after the tragedy. There are also diverse purposes. Each speech had a different purposes.
How would you like to be forced out of your home and then sent to a location where you were forced to live there for an unknown amount of time? Well about 120,000 Japanese Americans were taken from their homes and sent to internment camps during World War II. The United States has been one of the most powerful and most imitated Nation throughout the world. However the United states is not perfect as it has made mistakes and unpolitical decisions that were based on fear and prejudeuce. Two months after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had signed the Executive Order 9066 ordering all Japanese-Americans to evacuate the West Coast.
The original plan set by the Canadian Government was to intern the adult Japanese males, doing so would quickly remove and discard any military threat they posed, and, take the Japanese out of the competition for jobs and businesses. However, the Canadian Government choose to intern the kids and women at a later date also, even though they posed less of a threat than the males. This shows the government in British Columbia just wanted the Japanese interned and locked away. The Japanese males, posed almost no threat according to Canada’s Navy, and their Ministry of Foreign Affairs says Izumi(Japanese Canadian exclusion and incarceration). This shows, that the Canadian Government was not as interested in the economic benefits of their people, and that they were aware that the Japanese people posed close no threat at
United States” it discusses a case where Fred Korematsu got arrested for not leaving his home in California. The reason he was asked to leave his house is because of the Executive Order 9066 which made all persons of Japanese Ancestry leave the west coast. He made this order because of the war between the US and Japan and the west coast is the closest place to Japan in America. People were very paranoid that the Japanese living on the west coast were spies and the US needed to do this avoid sabotage. The US knew that this was unconstitutional, but during wartime sometimes desperate times call for desperate measures.
Around the 1940’s, over 120,000 Japanese-Americans were removed from their own houses to ten different internment camps across America. These internment camps were in some of the most unpopular and undesirable place in the U.S. Even though most of the Japanese-Americans were U.S. citizens and had never even been to Japan, Americans still thought they would spoil the American culture. Since most of the camps were unfinished when President Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066,
One of them was the spread of patriotism. Many of those Japanese-American citizens believed that the way to be pardoned for their uncommitted crimes, to become a true citizen of the United States, was to enlist into the American military. Another reason is that many Japanese-Americans were very fearful of what the American government had the capability of doing to them. For example, the term "concentration camp" incited fear in many of the Japanese, as during that time, while Adolf Hitler was in power in Germany, concentration camps were where the Jewish people were sent to and where they would most often be
In the early 1900s, due to Imperial Japan’s struggling transition from the feudal era to the modern era, Japanese immigrants were flooding into the West coast of America. Fearful of the rising number of Japanese immigrants, Americans would proceed to try and eradicate the “yellow peril”, leading to prejudiced exchanges and racist encounters with the Japanese-Americans. These encounters would drastically affect the Japanese-American community and ultimately lead to their internment during WWII. Because of Imperial Japan’s struggle to come into the modern age, its economy was increasingly worsened. The first Japanese-Americans, or Issei, came to America in the early 1880s, looking for work and adventure.