Chinese utility law protects new technical solution relating to shape, structure, combination of a product which is fit for practical use Japan established the Utility Model law in 1905to protect the minor inventions. Contrast to the German model, it covered all commercial goods and also adopted an examination system which is absent in the German system and granted a longer term of protection than applied under German law . The definite reason for introduction of Utility model law was to protect minor inventions and encourage development of the domestic innovators. During those days Japan was lagging behind in technological development and the domestic inventors were not able to compete with the foreign applicants and substantial part of the patents were obtained by
Ever since the establishment of state sovereignty through Westphalia treaty we have seen various international laws emerging in the international world of politics. Originally, International Laws are shaped by group of kingdoms or states through treaties which commonly contains temporary ceasefires and to not so less extent trade conducts. In this day and age though, international laws are instigated from several International Institutions (i.e. : United Nations) which addresses issues ranging from territorial borders to human rights violations. Numerous international laws in the modern world right now are considered ‘binding’ connoting that it is obliged to adhere to it; similar to how it is required for us as citizens to adhere to our national
Diverse aspects of Korea have been argued among scholars for decades. The intimate traditions of the Korean law system have been agreed by many that it was influenced by the Japanese from the colonial period. Marie Seong-Hak Kim describes Korea as a country being ‘Japanized’ by Japan’s customary law; Korea has adopted Japan’s legal system by Japan’s continuous efforts to unify Korea with Japan’s culture and characteristics. Apart from the accusations of Japan’s relationship with Korea, the comparison of Korea with France also takes place due to the fact that France was the first to develop the idea of customary law. Kim mentions the concepts of customs and the importance of its meaning not only in Korea, but also in other East Asian countries.
The legislation about property and expropriation are dealt with in the Constitution of Japan, whereas the issue of compensation is the object of the 1951 Land Expropriation Law (hereafter LEL), enacted under article 29, paragraph 3 of the Constitution, as a general frame of reference regarding “compulsory land acquisition for the public use” (Lum, 2007: 461). 2.2.1 The Constitution of Japan The issue of expropriation is dealt with in article 29, paragraph 3 of the Japanese Constitution: Art. 29: The right to own or to hold property is inviolable. Property rights shall be defined by law, in conformity with the public welfare. Private property may be taken for public use upon just compensation therefor.
It was difficult to ascertain what the substantive principle of law should be. The laws of China of the Ching were not considered suitable to regulate the affairs of the Chinese immigrants because of the differences in the social conditions. In context of Chinese customary laws there are several matters resolve such matters concerning the position of first and second wives, division of property of decreased and adoption. In traditional Chinese custom, the first wife was higher social than the second wife. But the court decided that status shall entitle equally under English Statute of Distribution 1670.
International law has four principal sources that include tradition and custom, scholarship and expertise, judicial precedents, with treaties and conventions. In several countries the sovereign state creates their traditions and customs based on another’s behavior. The rules will vary depending on the country the person reside. Due to the fact the united states laws have certain rules , other senators and or president is prohibited from trying to regulate some rules to arrest a person who commits a crime. From the reading, “an example, it was part of traditional international law for ships on the high sea to display a specific pattern of colors like red, green and white lights at nighttime.
However, Japanese reformers have never simply borrowed, rather “they have always ‘reworked’ imports in accordance with domestic debates and dynamics” (Rappleye and Kariya 2011, p.52). Japan digested imports from the outside world and made them Japan’s own. Referring to Japanese adaptability, some suggest that Japanese leaders very much valued their national identity and took pride in Japanese culture and history, even as they adopted and adapted to imports from advanced Western countries. Thus, the Japanese remained eager to preserve their culture and history. This inclination, which is considered characteristic of Japan, sometimes evokes Japan’s nationalistic
Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Myanmar Investment Commission. (2012) Foreign Invsetment Law Win, Than Tun, Foreign Investment Policy and Procedures. Retrieved from http://www.embassyofmyanmar.be/business%20info/investmentpolicy.htm Oo, Aung Naing, D.G., The New Investment Regulations and procedures. [Presentation].