Spending their wealth on luxurious items was seen to be disrespectful to God and as a result people expected to pour their earnings into their callings. This has close ties with the capitalist ethic. From this ethic, according to Weber, a system of capitalism emerged that no longer required ascetic values to sustain itself. These became the capitalist spirit. Working hard and worshiping, activities held in high regards by Protestants contributed to what we seen in contemporary society as being the capitalist ethic.
Introduction: Civil disobedience is a refusal of citizens to disobey a law of the state, command of the government or any rule of an occupying international power. It is usually a nonviolent resistance against an authority, and it has been historically a powerful tool in democratic countries to influence governments by their people for various reasons. Japan: 1: What were the origin and causes of civil disobedience in that country? In history, civil disobedience in Japan can be seen on a massive scale in opposition of Japanese to the 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan. Signed first in 1952 at San Francisco Presidio, the Security Treaty was amended on January of 1960 between the US and Japan
Before this industrialization in 1968, was the Boshin war, which was directly responsible for the Meiji Restoration, due to the fact that after the war, Japan wanted to have one central power, which resulted in Japan’s government wanting to become like an already successful government with one central power, America, however they did not want America’s culture, but merely the style of government, which resulted in Japan becoming much more western. Then after the war, the Meiji Restoration started, which was the new government taking over Japan, this started a westernization movement in Japan, and during this westernization, industrialization started, and then it settled all throughout Japan, building factories, and machines. Similar to this, Russia experienced the Crimean war, which was essentially a wake-up call for Russia to industrialize after it’s terrible loss to both Britain and France, to add to the losses, after that, Japan and Russia fought, and Russia lost horribly, which shocked the entire
The government in Japan signed trading treaties which the daimyo and samurai were unhappy with the government decisions. The Japanese wanted to limit the western influences and maintain their independence which created the rise of nationalism. In 1866, the Tokugawa Shogun was overthrown by the feudal lords and samurai. The new emperor eliminated the government and reestablished the imperial throne, but the emperor did not have any political power and was seen as a political symbol. The Meiji Restoration began in 1868 to 1912 which transformed Japan society with western influence but maintaining their cultures and traditions.
The reform movement of Progressivism eased the devastating effects of industrial capitalism on citizens and society. Roosevelt used the power of the state to regulate big business and its impact on the economy, politics, and society. Theodore Roosevelts New Nationalism had similar goals Woodrow Wilsons New Freedom in that both were programs for change. They both sought to change the status quo when it came to how the Federal Government, the economy, and society interacted and operated. In both programs offered by the presidents’ small business, middle class, and farmers were essential part of a
84). According to Weber and Protestantism, the earning of money is the result and expression of virtue and proficiency in a calling (Weber, 1905/2008, p. 84). This protestant ethic, according to Weber, results in the “social ethic of capitalistic culture, and is a sense the fundamental basis of it” (Weber, 1905/2008, p. 84). As revealed by Weber, the “Spirit of Capitalism” refers to a set of virtues and values, including hard work and progress, that favor the rational pursuit of profit and economic gain (Weber, 1905/2008, p. 84). The modern spirit of capitalism sees profit as an end in itself, and the pursuit of profit as a virtuous act (Weber, 1905/2008, p. 84).
Bushido, or “Way of the Warrior,” was the code of conduct the samurai class were expected to uphold. The Kamakura period, which saw the emergence of samurai as a specific class, began the practices and code of samurai. Seppuku, a form of ritual suicide and one of the more widely known samurai practices, also developed during this time (Pletcher). The Kamakura period brought the concept of feudalism to Japan and established the rank of shogun: the military leader of Japan. The shift to a military government was reasoning behind the samurai class and evident through the loyal and honorable, yet stoic and disciplined, culture of this time (“Kamakura Period”).
The military’s necessity is a very big priority. In conclusion the internment of the Japanese-Americans was justified because America needed security in the West Coast, fear of an attack/invasion, and because the internment was a military necessity. Although the internment was justified, there are many reasons why it was not justified. The Japanese were of no threat to the American society. “The Japanese here i almost exclusively a farmer, a fisherman or a small businessman”(Munson 2).
Over time, the Japanese family has evolved, so today it seems somewhat inaccurate to conceptualize the Japanese family as a monolith. Regardless, there is a particular model of family that has prevailed over the years, and based on the given readings, I believe that this family model has served to reinforce a spirit of cultural homogeneity and hegemonic masculinity in Japanese society. The very roots of the modern family model are intertwined with the desire to homogenize Japanese culture. As noted in the White reading, the family model that emerged during the Meiji era was chosen for the purpose of becoming the “national family,” which would be used to represent Japan in a time when the state had just begun its efforts to prove Japan’s modernity to the rest of the world. White notes that this idealized modernity was contingent upon the existence of a homogenous culture, and as
People live within their own bubble of privileges and fail to realize it. Buddha recognized his privilege and he acted upon it when he left his royal life to help others obtain a life of spiritual meaning and fulfillment. Privilege exists in many forms and when acted upon can reduce disparity. At a commencement speech at Wellesley College, the speaker decided instead of glorifying the term privilege regarding college education, she used the opportunity to inform the graduates that their education hampered them.
Roosevelt reformed the Stock Market, gave aid to the unemployed, induced agricultural and industrial recovery, and helped the banking system. Roosevelt’s presidency was broken up into two sections, the first 100 days which focused on relief and the second 100 days which was focused on reform. Many programs were created to help all different aspects of the economy. These programs showed his integrity and dedication towards America. One of the first New Deal programs he created was the AAA which protected farmers from debt and from having a surplus of crops.
This was not the case because the Government didn’t allow the Issei to become citizens because of bias stereotypes the Americans had of the Issei. The Nisei had their rights violated because by birth they were Americans so that automatically makes them loyal to America. When the government came and collected them, they were given questionnaires that was supposed to prove their loyalty on how they answered, which meant the government was collecting all types of private information without valid reason which is in violation of The Fourth Amendment. When Robert Gordon Sproul gave his speech, he took the stance of defending the Japanese Americans. “The American citizen of Japanese ancestry
The Japanese Internment The Japanese were welcome in America once until the attack on Pearl Harbor which lead Japanese to concentration camps and were watched over by americans. Was it ok to for the Japanese to be treated this way. The internment of the Japanese was Justified because of military necessity, the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the US thinking there would be an invasion. The first reason why this is Justified is because of military necessity. “The security of the Pacific Coast continues to require the exclusion of Japanese from the area now prohibited to them and will so continue as long as that military necessity exists(Dewitt,1943).” So military necessity will help us become more secure and safe.
Peace Within Internment Camps As John Lennon once said, “Peace is not something you wish for; it’s something you make, something you do, something you are, and something you give away” (Lennon). Although not all Japanese-Americans were spies, there were many to watch out for in the United States. President Roosevelt signed an executive order that led to the relocation of the Japanese to internment camps in order to keep America safe and have the descendants from Japan prove their loyalty to the country, but it also created opportunities for the Japanese years later. Japanese-Americans suffered mistreatment throughout the whole war. They could not become citizens, own land, or vote.
In Labor and Imperial Democracy in Prewar Japan, Gordon describes the political ideas and social movements after 1905 as “imperial democracy”. He uses the term rather than “Taisho democracy”, arguing the political changes that were seen in Taisho period were less significant than those happened after 1905. He also states that the term Taisho democracy is chronically incorrect and it doesn’t describe specific social movements done by workers, which he thinks crucial to understand the beginning of civil society in Japan. He describes the importance of imperialism in a process of causing imperial democracy because it had created new working middle class and urban poor by stimulating heavy industry in order to enhance the military, and also