Belief in Asian Leadership Role In the late 19th century, many Japanese leaders came to believe that their country had a "manifest destiny" to free other Asian countries from Western imperialist powers and to lead these countries to collective strength and prosperity. In 1905, Japan became the first Asian country to defeat a Western power, namely Russia in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5, which bolstered Japan 's belief in its destiny to lead Asia and encouraged leaders in other Asian countries that they had a chance to stand against Western imperialist designs. Several ultranationalist groups and writers, such as the Black Dragon Society and Kita Ikki, gained increasing popularity with their views that Japan should take leadership in Asia to expel foreign powers by means of a righteous war if necessary. Provocation by Western Powers A series of coercive acts, insults, and provocations by Western imperialist countries from the 1850s to the 1930s caused great anger to fester among the Japanese people. Strong racial prejudice by Westerners toward Japanese, in addition to Chinese and other Asians, led to several severely insulting incidents for the Japanese people.
This attack was a turning point for the United States because this was one factor that brought them into World War II to fight against the Axis Powers. In conclusion, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of their nationalist mentality, America’s embargo of oil to Japan and fearing that the United States will attack them first. The first reason why Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor was because the Japanese had nationalistic and narcissistic political mentality. The Japanese believed the Yamato race was a superior race to the other Asian race(Document A). They also believed they will become the “new order” once Europe and America crumble and become the “old orders”(Document A).
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country 's power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means (dictionary, 2017). It has changed many nations and cultures. The US’s interference on the reign of the Shogun era, gave power back to Empower Meiji and brought about changes to trade with the western world, which lead to the adoption of American education systems and government reform. Because of Japan opening its borders and signing a treaty with the U.S, a trade route was opened and modern technologies were introduced to Japan. “It invested in education, technology, and research and development activities…start building world-class products” (Odagiri, 1996).
As an atheist, Nobunaga chose to welcome Jesuit missionaries as an attempt to further reduce the influence of Buddhism. Ultimately, Oda Nobunaga was a warlord. Through military campaigns, political alliances, and numerous policies, Nobunaga hoped to consolidate his power. Filling the void left by inefficient shoguns, Nobunaga attempted to unify all of Japan. Thanks to economic policies, he helped stimulate Japan’s economy and trade with outside countries.
entered the war for personal gain and national power. On the other hand, Schweikart and Allen attribute it to the Pearl Harbor attack. Zinn reports, “Japan’s strike against the American naval base climaxed a long series of mutually antagonistic acts,” such as the threat against U.S. markets by Japan’s invasion of China, and the U.S.’s embargo on certain products (Zinn 410-411). He also says the U.S. declared war on Japan not because of the threat to American citizens, but because of “the Japanese attack on a link in the American Pacific Empire” (Zinn 410). Schweikart and Allen agree hostilities started long before the attack and led to it.
The world economy after the war smarted from a loss of productive resources, industrial capacity and changes in the structure of international trade and finance . Additionally, the political disputes and persistent inflation of the 1920s prevented European economic growth, and caused many countries to turn from international to nationalist policies, accounting for spreading protectionism throughout the continent from 1919 . This contrasted greatly with British endeavors to return to the pre-war arrangement of complete free trade. Britain’s movements against the grain of international trade reduced the competitiveness of British producers in the face of foreign subsidized competition in international markets , thereby indicating the
China 's northern Expedition weakened the Japanese economic in China, and urge the Japanese government to adjust its China policy , the annexation of Northeast China to speed up the pace. In the early 1930s, the world economic crisis influenced the Japanese economy suffered a heavy blow, into extreme difficulties and lead to a political crisis in the downturn. The Japanese fascist forces are determined to break the shackles of Washington system in Japan. While British and America
Under British rule, India had the largest rail network in Asia, which allowed for new economic activities like textile and steel manufacturing (Murphey, 287). As Dr. Wang stated in the week 4 lecture, the European industries had a high demand for Chinese resources, which led to opium trade in China; this harmed the health, economy, and image of China. In the subsequent Opium War, a small British force destroyed the Chinese navy (Murphey, 304). The resulting Treaty of Nanjing was a significant loss to China, and a major success for British imperialism. As Dr. Wang stated in lecture, the treaty transferred control of Hong Kong to Britain, modified the trading system, and prevented China from making allies.
Pailey Wang: China, Japan and the Western World during the 19th Century. At the beginning of the 19th Century, China and Japan faced very similar set of circumstances in relation to their respective relationships with the West. Both nations had isolationist policies, which saw Western trade operate through a one port system. In the face of rapid technological advancement and industrialisation in the West, both nations were forced to open to trade, and sign unequal treaties in the face of a new imperial Western military might. It is thus prevalent to ask why Japan saw a period modernisation and economic growth at the close of the Century, whilst China remained stagnant.
The increase in military and navy strength also led to the concept that America had the potential to become a world power, and Roosevelt noticed this. He mentioned the need for the United States to advance their global role due to its growing economic and military interests outside the Americas. Similarly, Roosevelt was known for his big stick diplomacy which symbolized the aggressive actions taken in the Caribbean and in other colonies. Overall, the white superiority combined with military and political progress characterized and influenced oppressive relations with foreign