Then, Odysseus drilled a hole down the middle of the tree using it as a center post of his bed. Lastly, he stretched a hide of leather from one side to the other. Odysseus told this story exceptionally well as Penelope was weeping and flew herself to him and kissed him. Odysseus was intelligent in how he proved it was him to Penelope. On page 83 of The Odyssey, Odysseus says, “My plan was to tie three sheep together and put a man under the middle sheep.” This is an extraordinary example of how original his plans are for him and his crewmen to
This justifies why the greeks thought that being clever was one of the key characteristics of a hero. Another example of odysseus being clever is when he arrived home to ethicka, but did not go straight to his loved ones because he knew the people competing for his land and wife would try to kill him so that they could enharite everything of his. Instead he stayed on the beach stradigiesing how he could return home without anyone noticing. This shows that he thinks before acting and infant is very clever. No human or non hero would think that cleverly, they would just act on impulse and ruin their chances at survival.
As a character odysseus has flaws so naturally this would transfer over to his leadership skills . During the encounters with both polyphemus and circe, odysseus exhibits weak leadership. After getting trapped by polyphemus him and his men devise a solution to escape, once they have escape odysseus endangers the lives all his men by aggravation polyphemus; “I would not heed them in my glorying spirit, but let my anger flare and yelled” (IX 545 555). Odysseys is selfish and does not think of anything but his pride when he is angering polyphemus. His anger clouds his judgment and even if he did consider the consequences he does not stop even though what he is saying is endangering the lives of his men.
Odysseus’s qualities help define him as an epic hero. Odysseus has many good qualities. Some of Odysseus’s qualities are bravery, intelligence, and determination. Odysseus was brave by standing up to the cyclops. Odysseus was intelligent because he used ways of innovation and logical thinking to get him out of trouble.
He also encounters the suitors, who are a group of men that try to marry Penelope, when he returns to reclaim his home. During these situations, Odysseus gains leadership and tactical skills from fighting in the war in Troy, which costs him 10 years of his life and another 10 years of sailing out on the sea from Poseidon 's curse. Odysseus is therefore a heroic and efficient leader because he plans his moves ahead of time and is vigilant at all times to ensure his safety. Yet, though Odysseus possesses these heroic leadership qualities, his arrogance sometimes leads to his downfall and inability to lead. While Odysseus is a little arrogant, he can also be a great leader because he is able to trust his second in command, Eurylochus, and give him more power while he is away.
Although some may think Polyphemus is smart, he is not because in the book Odysseus said he was Noman and the Cyclops believed him then Odysseus escaped and said that he wasn’t Noman he was Odysseus and then the Cyclops, literally, blindly threw rocks at them. This obviously shows that the cyclops is stupid. Along with being stupid he is always portraying himself as a strong, brave cyclops, but he, Polyphemus, is actually just overconfident. In the text it states “Well Noman, this is what I’m going to do, I’ll put you at the bottom of the menu and eat all of your friends first. That way you’ll be able to enjoy my hospitality a little longer.”(Homer 26).
According to the book on how Odysseus approached the situation about Scylla, it says, “That was all, and it brought them round to action. But as I sent them on toward Scylla, I told them nothing, as they could do nothing.”(L. 160-162), and thus showing his foolishness. Odysseus continued onward and gave his men an illusion of victory and safety that they would be able to pass through this enormous obstacle they come upon. Odysseus knew it himself that he and his men may not be able to get through this big of an obstacle, but he just pushed them forward. This shows an act of foolishness as leader because he did not notify his men of the dangerous obstacle coming towards him, but just keeps put to leave his men to fend for themselves.
Odysseus has to outsmart a Cyclops who is a lot stronger than him physically. Odysseus has to have the mental strength to face the sirens who will try to lure him and his crew to certain death. The Trojan warrior has to outsmart the suitors who have harassed his wife and son. The Cyclops who greatly outmatches Odysseus in strength does not outsmart him in brains.
An epic hero is someone who is brave, a strong leader, and faces big obstacles. In the book Edith Hamilton’s Mythology by Edith Hamilton, talks about gods, demigods, monsters, adventures, and tragic deaths. Perseus and Theseus are both demigods. They both go on adventures and face obstacles. Theseus is the better epic hero because he risks his life for the greater good of society.