If you do not agree with your government, simply leave and find another government you do agree with. Additionally, Locke’s plan protects the citizens by giving them leave to make their own decisions. Hobbes’s view is doubly flawed: his opinion on human nature forces his government to fail morally. Locke’s idea of government is far better than Hobbes’s because he prevents the ruler from taking advantage of the
If something is to be termed as good, then it has to cause a positive effect on someone’s life. Foot believes that justice to the just man brings a lot of goodness in it. But on the other hand, according to his second assumption, what is termed as justice to a person might be an injustice to another (Foot
They make Ender do what he hates most, hurting others, by isolating him into not trusting anybody, moulding him to the perfect commander, then tricking him into believing he was only battling simulations. In this case, even though Graff detests manipulating and lying to Ender, he feels it is ultimately okay because the outcome of exploiting Ender is saving humankind. One person is manipulated for the greater common good of humanity as a whole. While Graff and other adults manipulate Ender, Peter and Valentine
Society would fail if everyone were to tell the truth because it would destroy relationships. In essence, lying is sufficient in certain situations where it is benefiting others. Not giving the truth can be allowed because it will be able to maintain morality. In addition, forging honesty can administer security and keep meaningful connections. Not all lies should be regarded as lousy due to the fact that they can be beneficial for both the liar and the one being lied to.
King qualify the idea of being against the government when it becomes corrupted to guide humanity to a brighter path. Described by Thoreau, civilians are encouraged not to let governments overrule by putting morals ahead of unjust laws. If governments did overrule and people refuse to disobey, the outcomes of letting unjust laws exist would be worse than evil. Thus, civilians need to civilly disobedient during these situations when unjust laws exist but if people are too fearful to act “until they have persuaded the majority… the fault of the government itself” would create a remedy worse than evil (Thoreau 9). Unjust laws need to be transgressed by the citizens in order to create an enlightened state, one that recognizes the higher more independent power of an individual.
For him, if our mind agreed with our voluntary actions to some law then it is considered as good but if our mind disagreed to it then it is considered as bad. Things that are good are those things which we are comfortable to deal with and things that are bad are those things that we could not fathom; pain and sorrows. In 19th century (late modern period) Moral philosophy is still a huge shot for the philosophers. Immanuel Kant demonstrated his thoughts about morality and rationality. For him as a rational being, one would not only ask for the right thing to do yet would also make a list on the things that he/she would want to attain in life or in other words, things that he/she would ought to do.
There’s something to be said about good intentions, but good intentions don’t do anything if your actions are bad. Looking at it Teiresias’s way, it would almost be better if you did it on purpose, because then you would be halfway done with his steps. All you would have to do is “repair the evil.” But it’s not like that. In the courts, motive in a murder is a big factor in deciding your sentence. If it was an accident, the punishment is better than if it was planned.
In addition to Singer’s criticism of affluent nation’s reactions, he proposes that the moral scheme of our society be changed, an argument I agree with to some extent. Singer puts forth two versions of how affluent nations and individuals can prevent suffering and death. The first, his “strong version”, requires one “to prevent bad things from happening unless in doing so we would be sacrificing something of comparable moral significance [which] require[s] reducing ourselves to the level of the marginal utility” (Singer 241). The controversial parts of Singer’s strong version are “comparable moral significance” and “level of marginal utility”. Those phrases are the reason that the strong version is an ideal view instead of a realistic.
In both modern society and the world set forth in the beginning Ayn Rand 's The Fountainhead, altruism and selflessness are praised as accepted ideals while independence and selfishness are abhorred. This twisted idea of morality is challenged by the protagonist of The Fountainhead, Howard Roark. Though selfishness can be broadly defined and can be harmful at times, Howard Roark exhibits a specific type of selfishness that does not seek to harm others, but to simply preserve the person 's ego and personal pursuit of success. The best way to define the nature and effectiveness of Howard Roark 's selfishness is through examining his interactions with other major characters and comparing their egos, integrity, and approaches to achievement. Peter Keating is an interesting character in that he tries to be selfish, but he has no actual sense of self.
As long as you upheld your moral duty by helping him, then you should be considered a good person. Part of that reason is mainly because I feel that it is not for us to judge whether we are good or evil, but for other people to do so, and if other people cannot see the intent behind your actions, then there is no way for them to know whether you are good or evil. In my opinion, the intent behind your action is an irrelevant distraction, that is, it is