• This encouraged the popularity and growth of jazz music. • Jazz went from only playing in New Orleans to becoming a staple of the America airwaves, dance halls and homes” • The 1930’s brought a new style of jazz “big band swing”. These musical ensembles associated with the swing era. They generally consisted of 12 to 25 musicians. • Swing has a rhythmic feeling of a combination of tension and relaxation.
Some times called hot jazz, it’s roots can be traced to New Orleans and consisted of a horn playing a melody and a higher and lower horn playing around that melody. It became very popular in the early 1900’s and the rhythm was supplied by bass and drums. By the 1930’s young black musicians wanted to develop their own styles and many studied the teachings of
Jazz music has its roots in Black slave culture and arts. The white culture of the time saw these influences as “savage” and deteriorating to their music. Some saw the role of jazz as a platform for a change. Jazz was a way to bring together the different cultures. During the 1920s and 1930s jazz began to be popular and interesting among young people, black and whites.
By 1920, the Jazz age was well underway as a direct challenge to the prohibition of alcohol. Famous Jazz players of the 1920s where: Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Earl Hines, Fats Waller, Ella Fitzgerald, and Joe Venuti. This was one of the first times in American history that the majority of non-African Americans accepted parts of African American culture. It was the moment that many African Americans were able to enter into the mainstream. Though African Americans lived under constant fear of death and pain in the Gilded Age, all was not pain and sorrow.
Jazz music began in black communities in the South in the early 1900s. It fused African and European styles. By 1950s a jazz style called Dixieland was popular in US and Europe. Bebop music which began in the 1940s became an accepted part of jazz in the 1950s. The most influentials are: saxophonist Charlie Parker, pianists Thelonius Monk and Bud Powell, trumpeters Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis and drummer Max Roach (Lindop and Sarah 106).
Jazz came from New Orleans where Africans, French, Caribbean, and English were known to communicate with each other. Many musicians like Louie Armstrong and Duke Ellington were strongly influenced by ragtime, marches, and the blues. Louie Armstrong’s’ West Side Blues is an example where you could see hints of a march and blues even though it is considered a Jazz hit.
In essence, ,,the 6 Gallery readings reveal how Beat and associated artists and audiences also tapped into this residual, insubordinate, and positive sense of jazz and expressed it through their art and lives.” (Whaley, 2004, p. 27) ,,The reading of Howl amplified vibrations sounding back to the jazz of renaissance Harlem, an era in which blues and jazz poets found themselves when much of the high culture’s generation.” (Whaley, 2004, p. 24) Besides the jazz and bebop music, the generation of “crazy, no-good kids” (Russel, 2002, p. 16), appeared to be influenced in style and fashion as well. The style was noticed as riotous hipsterism or the anti-patriotist zoot suits. According to Kerouac, who sympathized with the hipsters, the Beat generation
An other reason for this was his incredible improvisational skill, which allowed him to provide an audience with endless fascination. Before Armstrong left his fingerprints all over jazz, it was more so an organization of musicians who would perform their own part in a perfected script of set musical notes, so when he did finally come along it was a great shock to everyone’s past idea of jazz music Though he was generally noted for his contribution to jazz, Armstrong also played a significant role in the evolution of pop music entertainment in America. -Scott yanowEarly on in his career, he showcased an almost equally unique ability to his trumpet playing, his singing. Right off the bat Louis undeniably raspy voice set him apart from all other singers. His ability to demonstrate multiple extraordinary talents in a single performance made him a huge hit, and anyone he performed with was no doubt a hit themselves.
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is the author of the twentieth century American classic, The Great Gatsby. It is a story of the American dream, settled down in the 1920’s, with issues of the time period being, prohibition, women, class structure, crime, and many more, The Great Gatsby has a taste of each. Fitzgerald incorporated subjects of his time and his very own experiences into the story to portray an era of social and moral values. The 1920’s were a time of breaking morals Class structure and wealth were among the highest pleasures achievable. The 20’s were an era of Jazz; with extravagant music playing throughout all hours of the night.
Jazz is often associated with blackness and slavery. Unsurprisingly, several jazz musicians follow the ideals of Afrofuturism. According to Davids article in 2007, Sun Ra is one of the best examples within the jazz genre. His music shares a lot of the post-human ideals. The ideas