The author will usually rely on his examples to prove is arguments. He does not explain the claims he makes, which decrease the strength of his arguments. For example, he mentions that a high-five is “not the mutual appreciation of achievement, but the feeling we get upon the achievement of mutual appreciation”. This statement is arguable, some people perform the high-five to actually show appreciation of achievement rather than of trying. The author does not signify whatsoever why the high-five does not mean “job well-done”.
The objectification of women contains the act of ignoring the personal and intellectual capacities and potentialities of a female; and reducing a women’s value/worth or role in society to that of an instrument for the sexual pleasure that she can produce in minds of another. The representation of women using sexualized images that have increased significantly in the amount and also the severity of the images that’s been used explicitly throughout the 20th century. Advertisement generally represent women as sexual objects, subordinated to men, and even as objects of sexual violence, and such advertisements contribute to discrimination against women in the workplace, and normalize attitudes which results in sexual harassment and even violence
Sternberg (1986) suggests that this meaning or feeling can be a socialised idea through modelling and that it is a genetically transmitted instinct that every human being has inherited. He argues that many people may be in a relationship however, it may not constitute as a romantic attachment according to his Triangular Theory of Love (Sternberg, 1986). As mentioned in the previous paragraph, the ideal romantic relationship has elements of passion, intimacy and commitment, which is collectively identified as consummate love (Sternberg, 1986). Passion describes as the push towards sexual intercourse, physical attraction and romance, which are facilitated by one’s motivational and arousal factor (Sternberg, 1986). Intimacy describes as feelings relating to closeness and tight connections towards the significant other, which are associated with feelings of warmth, safety and comfort (Sternberg, 1986).
In fact, the poems addressed to the Dark Lady are expressed in a more overtly erotic and physical love than the sonnets addressed to the young man. Matters become worse, when the speaker finds out that his mistress is accepting additional lovers, as it wreaks havoc on his emotions. At first he is outraged and is convinced that he is deluding himself in many ways. For instance he convinces himself and the reader that the Dark Lady is given such a name not only due to the complexion of her skin, but probably for the lustful tendencies that she causes to arise in him, even against his better judgement. However, in the end, although he tries his best to curb his lust, he admits that he is and remains a slave to the woman.
Male and Female Communication” tries to indicate some of the male and female differences in communication and find the answer to the question “Why don’t you understand” by discussing the points which cause to ask this question. Giulia claims that although men and women have physical and psychological differences, they also differ from each other in communication ways. Most men see the conservation as a competitive situation in which they can show their dominant characteristics and gain status. However, this case is different for women; thus, relationship and confirmation are significant factors for women. Another point is that differences between men and women’s communication are related to socialization.
Researches state women report higher relationship satisfaction when they observe frustration or wrath of their partner as compared to their content. It’s not that women revel over it; rather they like men sharing negative emotions, they see it as a sign of openness, connection and communication. Conversely, men don’t like to share in their girlfriend’s negativity. Men’s relationship affiliation was linked to their ability to identify their woman’s happiness. The researchers suggest that men may feel that a relationship is threatened by their partner’s negative emotions, especially when they arise in the middle of a relationship related conflict.
This analysis will not only be focusing on the sexist portrayal of women in the media, but also the representation of men and the stereotype of masculinity. Analyzing the representation of the women and men’s gender identities and what implications these stereotypes have on our social stance in society. The frequent objectification and eroticization of females in the media, results into low self-esteem issues and confusion among women about self worth. . In these scenes portrayed in the ad the interaction between the women and men are more like an ownership rather than a partnership; like a master and sex-slave relationship.
This study examined the links between young adults’ traumatic experiences, types of aggression, attitude towards women and sexuality in young adults. It has been assumed that if an individual possesses negative attitude towards women; also has a permissive and instrumental sexual attitude and exhibits high physical aggression tendencies, then he/she might be a potent risk towards women in the society in the future. Through this study, I tried to find whether one’s past traumatic experiences affect his/her attitude toward others in general and towards women in particular. If past traumatic experiences like enduring emotional neglect or abuse or even witnessing others undergo trauma impact the existing aggression levels and attitude towards women and sexual acts of young adults, it calls for examining such impact. Findings of studies in this direction may help us to identify such people and, therefore, appropriate measure would be taken.