Analysis Of Piaget's Four Stages Of Moral Development

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Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist, epistemologist, and he was interested in children’s cognitive development. He created four stages of cognitive development. The four stages are the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage. The sensorimotor stage is the infancy stage. The infants in this stage are learning about the world and realizing that if they do something then something around them changes (cause/effect). The second stage is the preoperational stage, which is the ages two to seven years, this stage is when they are learning more about the world how to think, talk, learn, and use symbols. Kids in this stage are still thinking me, myself, and I not able to see things…show more content…
He agreed with Piaget and his stages, but decided to develop and expand it more. Kohlberg came up with three main levels of moral development, each main level has two sublevels; therefore, Kohlberg has six stages of moral development. The main levels are the pre-conventional level, the conventional level, and the post-conventional level also known as the moral stage. The pre-conventional level is where most nine-year-old and younger children fit. During this level, kids base their actions on the moral codes of their elders, such as their mother, father, older sibling, or grandparent. The first stage under the pre-conventional level is the “obedience and punishment orientation” stage. Under this stage, the child or person does something and if they get punished then it is bad, generally they base their actions on trying not to get into trouble. The second is the “individualism and exchange” stage. At this stage they are willing to help others only if they are helped as well, a common phrase used to describe this stage is “you scratch my back, and I’ll scratch yours.” Individuals in this stage are still motivated by the reactions they will…show more content…
Kohlberg was an intelligent man who devised important moral stages that went further than Piaget’s original three levels. Although I disagree with Gilligan, I believe that she is an intellectual who was right to speak out and question someone who was her superior because she thought it was the right thing to do. I believe that Kohlberg should have included more females and children from other countries in his experiment in order to make it a better varied experiment so it would be definitively accurate for various cultures and
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