Jean Piaget's Cognitive Development Theorists

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One of the most well-known cognitive developmental theorists is Jean Piaget. His theory of stage development proposed that children at different ages show qualitatively different ways of reasoning and understanding. Piaget suggested four main stages of development, namely: (1) The Sensorimotor Stage (birth to two years), (2) The Preoperational Stage (Ages 2 – 7), (3) The Concrete Operations Stage (Ages 7 – 12) and (4) The Formal Operations Stage (Ages 12 and beyond). At each stage, children think differently to how they had thought at the last stage. He mentioned that everyone goes through all the stages, regardless of individual differences in ability and environment. This essay will focus on the second stage of development, The Preoperational…show more content…
Between the ages of 4 – 7, the child’s curiosity increases and they start to ask a lot of questions, and start to use their primitive reasoning. Piaget called this stage the ‘intuitive’ sub stage because the child realises that they have a vast amount of knowledge, but are unaware of how they gained it. Piaget conducted tests for children in this stage as well. Children in the pre operational stage of development have not yet acquired the ability to organise things that belong to the same group. When Piaget asked the children if they thought there were more roses or flowers in a bunch of flowers having two daisies and six roses, the children answered saying there were more roses. Therefore it was clear that these children are unable to understand the difference between two equal classes, a sub class and a general…show more content…
The Plowden report published in 1967 was the result of 1966 review of primary education that was very heavily influenced by Piaget’s theories (McLeod, 2009). McLeod also noted that Piaget focused on the internal biological maturation and therefore, he was very concerned with how ready the child was before a new concept was taught. According to Piaget, if the child is not deemed ready to be introduced to certain information, then the teachers must wait until the child attains a higher stage of cognitive development. This is imperative for schools and teachers, as they must be aware of the child’s calibre and
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