Interactionists argue that language development is both biological and social. Interactionists argue that language learning is influenced by the desire of children to communicate with others. The Interactionists argue that "children are born with a powerful brain that matures slowly and predisposes them to acquire new understandings that they are motivated to share with others" ( Bates,1993;Tomasello,1995, as cited in shaffer,et al.,2002,p.362). The main theorist associated with interactionist theory is Lev Vygotsky.Interactionists focus on Vygotsky 's model of collaborative learning ( Shaffer,et al.,2002). Collaborative learning is the idea that conversations with older people can help children both cognitively and linguistically (
Both Vygotsky and Piaget were particularly interested in Cognitive Development in children. Piaget’s theory of development consists of four phases. The sensorimotor, the pre-operational stage, the concrete operational stage and the formal operational stage (Piaget, 1952). In the Sensorimotor stage which is the age of zero to two years, the infant’s knowledge of their environment developed through their senses, experiences and physical movements. Physical development increases the chances of the infant to develop new intellectual abilities.
Self-control is the keys to the kingdom when it comes to creating strong morals in children, and the ability to control oneself can create compassion and prevent prejudice. In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Bob Ewell and Atticus each have and teach their kids different degrees of self-control and morals. Bob Ewell takes little care of himself or his children and they all display hostility towards others. In contrast, Atticus Finch teaches his children to be empathetic and understanding of others. Bob Ewell is a poor, drunken outcast of Maycomb and raises several motherless children.
Raising children is not an easy task, as they do not come equipped with a manual. From a personal perspective, children are a reflection of their parents’ image in all aspect of life. With that said, parents are entirely responsible for their child’s socialization, cognitive development, and physiological needs. Strengthen their young minds so they can advocate
Jean Piaget has four stages throughout his theory and they are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational period.Piaget focused his theory mainly on play. He worked on children 's intellectual skills by talking to the children listening and observing. He believed that all children have to go through each stage in order, for example he thought that a child couldn 't go from the first stage on to the third stage. One way how Jean Piaget is linked to my placement would be that children playing in the role play area his theory is influencing practice as children are developing holistically. For example if children are playing house they get the opportunity to dress up and choose a character to be.
Cognitive development is the emergence of the ability to think and understand. Researchers have found that young children understand how objects work long before they have experience with the object. An inventor named Jean Piaget invented a theory called Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Piaget’s theory concluded that there are 4 stages to cognitive development that children go through from age 2 and onward. With this theory, children are expected to reach cognitive milestones.
Moreover, the article assumes that children are obedient to their parents. If teenagers are rebellious, it will be very difficult to correct their behaviors by using physical punishment. Such hypothesis weakens the argument of this study because of the assumptions. Therefore, the evidence claiming that corporal punishment helps to control children’s discipline does not seem to be strong
So, in this assignment I am going to talk about the four major developmental theories which focused on the development of the human. And also the relationship between the development theories and the learning and how to apply those theories on the real world teaching. The Four Major Developmental Theories It is very important
Baurmind (1991) highlighted that authoritarian parents tend to be demanding and directive but are not responsive enough to their children’s needs. They tend to exercise authority and control by demanding unquestioning obedience. They often fail to explain the reasoning for the rules. Thus, children might feel detached as the parents express little warmth, discourage verbal give-and-take and demand adherence to high standards. Miller (2010) conjectured that children who grow up under authoritarian parenting styles often experience long term emotional consequences.
Cognitive Theory Cognitive Theory was brought to academia by Psychologist Jean Piaget among others. Piaget’s theory argues that there are stages of cognitive development in humans where there are levels of increased intelligence and capability. These stages are defined by terms, that describe the perception of what children make of their world. These thoughts are known as schemas, which Piaget said are the models by which children perceive their reality. As they reach other stages they engage in what Piaget referred to as, assimilation, in which the previous schemas are expanded upon with new details.