Jean Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development In Children

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Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist and epistemologist best known for pioneering studies on cognitive development in children. Piaget is best known for his theory of cognitive development and for advancing the field of genetic epistemology, which he established. Piaget was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland on August 9th, 1896 to Arthur Piaget, a university professor, and Rebecca Jackson. Since young childhood, Piaget showed an aptitude for biology, particularly with his studies concerning mollusks which garnered professional attention. Additionally, Piaget was introduced to epistemology at a young age by his godfather, who stressed the importance of studying philosophy and logic. After completing high school, Piaget studied natural sciences…show more content…
Summarized, Piaget’s theory proposes that a child goes through four stages of learning to attain status as an adult learner; these four stages are called the sensorimotor stage, pre operational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal operational stage. According to Piaget, as we age we become more aware of the world around us, become less dependent on our parents, and are able to understand the needs outside of our selves. Additionally, children begin to form and adapt schemas to new situations they encounter. Schemas are groups of concepts that help us to understand the elements around us. For example, a child who has only encountered dogs in their life might call a cat a dog because they have a vaguely similar shape and features. As time goes on however, after being taught that they are two separate animals and being around more cats, the child will recognize the difference between the two and adapt their schema. These schemas are highly important to the cognitive growth of a child. Lastly, to progress through these stages and enhance schemas, children have to assimilate, accommodate, and perform equilibrium. Assimilation involves the use of schemas to interpret new concepts, like a child seeing a cat for the first time. Accommodation occurs when the schema needs to be updated in order for the child to progress. Finally, equilibrium acts as the driving force of development, the stage in which the child takes the knowledge received at assimilation and adapts their schemas to include that information. These steps, as determined by Piaget, encompass the process of learning in young
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