In accordance with Piaget’s theory, the learner interacts with objects and events available in the physical and social environment and therefore comprehends the objects or events using the process of assimilation, accommodation and equilibration. The learners, therefore, construct their own conceptualizations and use them to generate solutions to problems. This theory also suggests that humans create and construct knowledge as they try to bring meaning to their experiences. In the differentiated classroom, teachers should facilitate the learning process by organizing learning activities and using variety of aid material according to the level of students’ cognitive structure to enable them to construct knowledge through their
This is because changes in the behavior of students is the impact on students ' thinking process. This theory focuses on the process of knowing and acquiring knowledge through information processing by means of discussion, reasoning, problem solving and brainstorming activities. This theory is also closely associated with the process of storing information. A psychological cognitivism said that learning involves the use of memory, motivation and thinking and therefore software designers must consider the materials for learning should ensure that there are activities for the various learning styles10. In addition, the teaching strategies should highlight important information and content to enhance the learning process.
Piaget and Vygotsky, two of the major advocates for Constructvist theory, both explored factors that could help figure out how children understand learning at different stages in their lives. These theories give insight to the differences, yet also the links in learning, particularly in relation to how children gain their learning, and how their behavior may be affected. The learning theories presented; Behaviorism and Constructivism originated from two deep thinking schools of thought, which has lead to influence educators’ view in learning and teaching. Two of the major advocates of behaviorism were Skinner and Watson. They explored how children’s learning could be affected by changes in the environment that they learn in, and attempted to prove that children’s
To facilitate learning of children, patterns of learning can be modified and more elements of cognitive training can be added in play of students. On the other hand, different students may achieve different levels of cognitive skills. It is important for teachers to notice the difference of progress of students. Different levels of intervention of framing of knowledge can be adopted by teachers, which influence students’ understanding of knowledge (Arcidiacono, & Perret-Clermont, 2009). Next, since only performance of one subject is observed, it is suggested to enlarge the scale of research and observe the performance of different participants.
Strengths ● Uses manipulatives to solve problems ● Writes the equation to go with the story problem ● Names two dimensional and three dimensional shapes ● Creates two and three dimensional shapes ● Describes attributes of objects There are lots of fun math activities for Daniel to do over the summer. One idea is to make every trip to the grocery store a fun activity. He would love to sort different kinds of fruits or figure out how many favorite things he could buy with $5.00. The best part is this reinforces what Daniel has learned and may even give him the opportunity to keep something at the end of the trip! Below is an outline of Daniel’s progress.
Drills and memorization are the methods to fill the human mind. Innovative Learning-Cognitivism (2013) states that learning is an “internal process.” This entails that learning will be acquired more if the learners have higher interest to learn. This level of interest is a significant factor to reinforce critical and creative thinking of the learner. A cognitive-behaviorism is an interaction between the mind and behavior. The learner will behave accordingly if the learner thinks that he/she, his/her family, and other people will be benefited by what he/she is doing.
• The design of the learning experience includes the possibility to learn from natural consequences, mistakes and successes. The Experiential Learning Process: A number of steps are involved in experiential learning that offer student a hands-on, collaborative and reflective learning experience which helps them to “fully learn new skills and knowledge” (Haynes, 2007). Although learning content is important, but experiential learning emphasis on the learning taken place through the process which is at the heart of experiential learning. During each step of the experience, students will engage with the content, the instructor, each other as well as self–reflect and apply what they have learned in another situation. The following describes the steps that comprise experiential learning as noted by (Haynes, 2007, para.
Social Efficiency The intention of the Social Efficiency ideology is to, “efficiently and scientifically carry out a task for a client” (Schiro, 176). For all intents and purposes, the client is society as a whole. Proponents of this ideology believe that knowledge and education provides students with the power to act. In fact, Social Efficiency authority Ralph Tyler said, “education is a process of changing the behavior of people …. Educational objectives, then, represent the kinds of changes in behavior that an educational institution seeks to bring about in its students.
The learner needs to do something; that learning is not the passive acceptance of knowledge which exists "out there" but that learning involves the learner is engaging with the world. • It should be understood that people learn to learn as they learn: Learning consists both of constructing meaning and constructing systems of meaning. For example, if we learn the chronology of dates of a series of historical events, we are simultaneously learning the meaning of a chronology. Each meaning we construct makes us better able to give meaning to other sensations which can fit a similar pattern. • Learning involves
This kind of learning promotes independence within the learner and helps in developing creativity. Therefore, I make sure that I revisit topics to enhance my learner’s knowledge. As Bruner [Ref.2] rightly said that learners use prior experience to fit new information into pre-existing models. Motivation is a very important factor in learning. Learners need to understand the reasons or areas where they can use knowledge and then only they can get themselves involved in thinking.