Dr.W.E.B Dubois was considered by many as an amazing leader and a strong activist voice. Let alone, his work spread around a wide variety of subjects including history, sociology, fiction, biography and autobiography. One of Dr. W.E.B Dubois most acclaimed work the soul of black folks a collection of fourteen essay describing the states of blacks in America. He is also remembered for his rivalry with Booker. T Washington over the role of Black African American in the society.
“These are the times that try men’s souls” is from Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, a pamphlet that brought a great impact to the people during the American Revolution. And over here in France, the recent times have indeed tried all men’s souls, and it was all started under Maximilien Robespierre. Robespierre could have been taken for any hard-working young man in his earlier days. He devoted his time to his studies and strived to become superior to his peers. Robespierre was a prim and proper man, and not particularly loquacious.
In addition to individual freedom, Rousseau also believes that two forms of inequalities, both of natural and artificial in origin are what caused unfair treatment to others. First inequality coming from differences in strength and intelligence. Second inequality arising from conventions in which govern societies. In his time Rosseau adopted the scientific method to reason that human life on earth prior to societies were solitary and not social. Out of personal acts of jealousy, to compare abilities and achievements, this is what started the rise to inequality.
Francois-Marie Arouet, who was also known as Voltaire was known for being one of the first writers to sell his writings and make a great deal of money from them. Voltaire also had an influence on the Enlightenment, he believed that the intolerance of organized religions was what caused much of the suffering and conflict. Voltaire in the Of Universal Tolerance, speaks on how we are all from the same God and should tolerate each other instead of despising each other. He explains that we should do this because it doesn’t take much skill or art to do so.
In the 18th century, Genevan philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau influenced the French Revolution through his ideas and principals. In his book, The Social Contract, Rousseau said that every man is born good until corrupted by society. Rousseau was correct in saying that people were born good, people were naturally born with a pure heart because God made us that way. However, one could argue that man is born evil based off of the perspective of society’s moral laws, which Rousseau may not have considered. Man is born evil because every human being is born with a desire for possession and a hunger for power.
Anthem’s constructed society—built on endless restrictions and laws—falsely propagates these ideals and unknowing citizens blindly accept them, ignoring their own aspirations. Through the main character, Prometheus, readers experience the suffocating nature of a society that enforces “total equality.” Ayn Rand’s novel Anthem explains, relates and propagates the negative effects of collectivism on man’s individuality. Rulers justify their collectivist society by appealing to the desire for equality. Exploiting the craving for fairness, power-hungry leaders are able to convince the community that a unified society is in their best interest. A rebellion is highly unexpected due to the unwavering trust the citizens place in their government.
Voltaire is one of the greatest and most famous authors in French literature. He was widely known as a playwright, poet, novelist, essayist and philosopher in the eighteenth century age of enlightenment in Europe. He was known for his advocacy of freedom of religion and other civil liberties. During the long life of Voltaire, he produced many works such as his famous satirical short novel Candide. It was derived from Voltaire’s interest in philosophy and human nature.
Arguably one of the most influential writers in all of existence, William Shakespeare 's work is continuing to be told and inspires similar works throughout American literary works today. Different renditions of his plays in spin-offs and parodies can be found in the hundreds in just movies alone, even 400 plus years after his death. These plays and sonnets are memorable due to their raw emotion and exaggerated turmoils. The life and experiences of William Shakespeare are quite simplistic for such an influential and intricate writer such as
He implied that humans in the state of nature always acted morally, for him society´s negative influence on human centers on the transformation of “amour de soi” which means a positive kind of self-love, to “amour-propre” a kind of artificial pride forcing man to compare himself to others. In his work “Discourse of the Arts and Sciences”, Rousseau stated that arts and sciences had been harmful to mankind, due to the fact that they were not human needs, but a result of pride and vanity and the opportunities man created for luxury and amenities aided the corruption of society. Jean Jacques continued to expand this theme in his later work “Discourse on Inequality”, in which he tracked with more details the progress and degeneration of mankind, he started with the first humans, describing them as solitary beings with capacity for free will and able to have compassion or pity. He also wrote that due to population growth man underwent a psychological transformation and that the development of agriculture, metallurgy, private property and the division of labor lead to a prosperous age but also to the
Another example of metaphor in the novel is how Mr. Twain depicts the characters to enunciate his views of the bigotry of social norms pushing the reader in a sense to understand what he means. Huckleberry Finn with his innocence and Jim with a thirst for equality metaphorically portray the minorities, Pap the trope of humanity that are corrupted and deprived by those that are uncivilized. “You’re educated, too, they say—can read and write. You think you’re better’n your father, now, don’t you, because he can’t?
Tom stands out in English and reading and history, “of the eighteenth century as one of the a person who inspires or influences others, especially one prominent in a particular sphere of both the American and French revolutions”. He was in the military and was an official representative of a country abroad and also a journalist; in France, as a lawmaker and constitution- makers then became both countries, as well as native England , a symbol of the right of man and the struggle for democracy. Paine had a first rate memory; even in old age he remembered details of long- ago events. An outspoken man, Paine talked endlessly , acritic observed. Paine thought those “who agreed with wise and virtuous, true lovers of humanity”(Tom Paine).
They believed that because people are instinctively selfish, that people would have a hard time coexisting in a land where all people were supposed to be treated equal. Though the government was created to aid the people, it was also established to teach the people how to “live properly”. The fact that the constitution was written in the mindset that people needed to be, in a sense, controlled is was and remains a controversial topic. Many view the constitution’s favor for the rich, white, and male property owners was not so much of an “easier way to unify a nation” but more of a list of who it was going to be more desireable to govern. These facts aside, in order to instill equality to a newlywed nation, the people were given some basic human rights and the power to choose who was going to represent them in order to still make sure that the people were still the basis of the new government while still having control over them.
“Intellectuals propounded the idea that man should be freed from the shackles of social convention and self-control, and the government enacted laws that promoted irresponsible behavior and created a welfare system.” Dalrymple continues his explanation with, “While my patients know in their hearts that what they are doing is wrong, and worse than wrong, they are encouraged nevertheless to do it by the strong belief that they have the right to do it, because everything is merely a matter of choice”. Conditions such as these create a society that lacks accountability. According to Dalrymple, society’s elite would rather see others live in poverty than admit their wrongs and Society will remain the same until they put limits on their own
John Locke was one of the most famous philosophers of the seventeenth century; he is well known across hundreds of nations all over the world. Locke is known for all of philosophical writings throughout his time in the seventeenth century. John Locke was influential in the areas of theology, religious toleration, and educational theory. He had an interesting life, was apart of the Age of Enlightenment, and had an affect on history with his philosophies. Locke was born on 29 August 1632 in Wrington, Somerset.