Jean Vygotsky's Theory Of Cognitive Development

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The Principles of the 1999 Curriculum reflect the priorities identified in the Introduction to the Primary Curriculum (1999). The introduction states that ‘the curriculum is designed to cater for the needs of children in the modern world’ (1999) and the listed principles certainly compliment that statement. Upon evaluating and analysing those principles, it is clearly evident that they were strongly influenced by topics relating to our Foundations of Education module including Sociology of Education, Psychology of Education and Philosophy of Education. The Primary School Curriculum celebrates the ‘uniqueness of the child’. The curriculum is designed to ‘nurture the child in all dimensions of his or her life—spiritual, moral, cognitive, emotional,…show more content…
The concept of Constuctivism is very prominent with characteristics of both Jean Piaget’s and Lev Vygotsky’s theories. Both believed that classrooms should be constructivist in nature as students are more likely to retain knowledge that they learn through actions, higher order thinking and problem solving. Both argue that active learning methodologies produce a greater depth of understanding and the ability to transfer knowledge. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development is reflected in the principal that states ‘learning is developmental in nature’. Piaget postulated that students must be aware of basic facts before they can advance to more complex lessons. Piaget termed this staged approach to learning as…show more content…
Vygotsky believed that skills such as problem solving and deductive reasoning have an important social element and therefore he was an advocate of collobartive learning in the classroom. I believe that the phrase ‘guided activity and discovery methods’ is a reference towards Vygotsky’s concept, the ‘Zone of Proximal Development’. The ZPD is described as the distance between what a student can learn on their own and what the can learn with assistance. Vygotsky also placed an importance on the role of language in the learning process which I believe influences the principal that states that states ‘language is central in the learning process’. Aspects of our Sociology and Philosophy of Education courses also feature in these principles. Dialogue is vitally important in the learning process. In Sociology, the concept of equality of condition is also prominent in these
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