Nevertheless, she, in clarifying this definition, also highlights the impact of some norms, which can affect this feeling: “To some extent this identity is usually based on race, class, ethnicity gender and sexual orientation” (p. 19). According to her, gender identity is a signifier for human beings; it can be used in the process of forming individuals’ identity. Thus, it becomes a demand to study gender identity. Gender identity is a personal inner sense of self as a male or female. Psychological theory of gender identity reveals a new postmodern problematic issue related to gender identity: gender identity as a personal feeling, can be changed, transformed and masqueraded.
As a result of situational differences in every research, social and cultural contexts would vary. On top of that, the provision of some contextual description of the research would lower the risks of the readers misinterpreting the study and consequently, the results. Thus, contextualization is the key to revealing the various context in which a particular research lies in. This is important in the development of the psychology of leadership research and theory building because the setting of the research could be different, and hence possibly resulting in different sets of results altogether. For instance, the trait perspective in leadership research could either be done in a lab setting or in a workplace setting, both of which would have observed different implications on the results.
Both of the supplied texts address issues of interpersonal perception. The first paragraph assumes that cultural norms provide an important bridge by which relationships are formed in society. This bridge 's effectiveness is sometimes diminished by a lack of understanding between generations. Some habits of the younger generation have become so ingrained in them that they don 't even realize that older individuals may perceive them as insulting or inconsiderate. The better we know each other, the speaker concludes, the more appreciative we will be of one another, repairing the gaps in our bridges to one another.
When making the evaluation of happiness, some people put more weight to human rights, while others make basic needs as their priority. People’s view towards happiness, or utility, differs, therefore it may be a little bit problematic to judge whether an action is moral or not by evaluating whether it will bring happiness to people. It may be less problematic to examine an issue with utilitarianism views if it is a personal issue, like to choose a job from
Ambiguity in literature means having certain aspects in a story open to be interpreted in different ways. Texts that are ambiguous have benefits compared to a text that is not. The stories can be viewed from different positions like feminism, race and culture. Ambiguous texts can also have open views on the literary devices used like the colour blue could mean sadness or it could mean could mean cleansing. Ambiguity can also affect the way the characters are being portrayed as.
Relationality and relational theory, which is “rooted in transdisciplinary and diverse fields,” provides the underpinning for Doucet’s (2016) astute analysis (p. 3). Relational theory focuses on layers of dependence and interdependence, and on the social construction of norms and roles within relational structures. One of the foundational arguments of Doucet’s (2016) research is that binaries, which are also socially constructed, can impede meaningful social justice. Binaries include the most obvious gender binary of male/female, but also extend to more abstract binaries like subject/object. Binaries are indeed part of the established feminist discourse and relevant to Doucet’s (2016) analysis.
While intersectionality is, arguably, one of the founding blocks of feminist analysis, it is widely debated if intersectionality is, in fact, a theory or if it would have stronger practical application being labeled as a concept, or reading strategy (K. Davis, 2009). K. Davis (2009) defines intersectionality as “the interaction between gender, race, and other categories of difference in individual lives, social practices, institutional arrangements, and cultural ideologies and the outcomes of these interactions in terms of power,” (p. 68). While different fields of research use intersectionality in different ways, gender studies tends to use intersectionality as a theory with practical application and makes the argument that any person working in the field of research must acknowledge the differences among the population or they “run the risk of having her worked view as theoretically misguided, politically irrelevant, or simply fantastical,” (K. Davis, 2009, p.
Additionally, this ability to understand and accommodate equips the individual with the power to utilize their personal emotions and personality advantages to comprehend and regulate with others they interact with. Alternatively, the Trait model is so dependent on the personality of an individual in order to evaluate emotional quotient, some believe the Trait model does not have the legitimacy to assess emotional quotient. It is believed that the Trait model is better off within the groundwork of cognitive-emotional ability. However, this model does include elemental factors that correlate with emotional intelligence. References: The Bar-On Model of Emotional-Social Intelligence 9ESI)1 Reuven Bar-On University of Texas Medical Branch Original Reference Bar-On, R. (2006) Emotional Intelligence: The Ability Model.
In motivation-driven explanations of self-serving bias, two factors can be seen as distinct motives: self-enhancement (self-worth) and self-presentation. Most people manifest self-serving bias because of the benefits of self-worth and how they will be perceived or how their image will be conveyed to others (Schlenker, 1980). As for cognitive-driven explanations, people have a set of beliefs on oneself, and those beliefs are overly positive and that will lead people to attribute those positive outcomes to them. Age, Gender, Culture and Relationship in
Negotiation and Social Decision-Making Assignment 4 a. The processes of social categorisation and social identification could be harmful for collective interests if the person is unable to make his/her membership in the collective category salient, which could possibly lead to the lack of cooperative behaviour towards collective unit. This might occur when the person’s levels of categorisation in another domain (either subgroup or single individual) is the most salient. In subgroup categorisation, a person might develop a high identification with their subgroup and consequently, he/she allocates more resources toward actions that solely reward their subgroup while abandoning the needs of larger society (collective unit). Similarly, if the individual categorisation is the most salient, the person might possibly show less concern about their collective interest compared to his/her personal interest.