Robert Louis Stevenson’s 1886 “shilling shocker”, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, has been subjected to various interpretations over the years. While some have assessed the trope of duality in the light of racism, colonization and cultural ‘other’, others have drawn on psychological references of split personality or ‘dissociative identity disorder’(i.e. existence of more than one personality in one body). The popularity of the novella and the idea of binaries existing in one being, has given birth to the phrase ‘Jekyll and Hyde’ which associates itself to a person whose attitude is vastly different from situation to situation. The respectable Dr. Jekyll, in his attempt to prove the worth of his scientific ambitions and studies, creates a monster much like Frankenstein’s monster but at the same time completely different from it.
Indeed the setting in this story has played a significant role in the development of the key theme evil. The lab has been significantly used in the bringing of the two different personalities that we see in the character of Dr. Jekyll. He wants to be recognized as a respectable man in the society, however, at the same time, he wants to have the freedom away from the criticism of the society. It is from the lab that Dr. Jekyll is able to get the potion that can make him transform into a threatening creature capable of inflicting harm on its subjects. His inability to come up with the right potion to reverse his situation is what leads to his suicide.
Mr. Hyde and Dr Jekyll majorly relates on the tale adapted from Robert Stevenson’s novella about a man who develops and takes a specific type of drug, which releases his evil side and turns him from a mild-mannered science man into a murderous maniac. As the plot goes on, his appearance changes along with the behavior. This paper analyzes this characters using Jeffrey Jerome’s concept as outlined in the “monster culture”. Discussion From this novel, it is apparent that Stevenson has demonstrated, through his characters, the concept of “Monster Culture” outlined by Cohen. For instance, Dr Jekyll a principle character in this novel is a man with two distinct personalities, one consisting of evil and the other consisting of good.
The book; Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde has since its release in 1886, been the building blocks of many horror and crime stories. There can be drawn many parallels between the book and modern crime stories, and that is the purpose of this essay. There will be a focus on the duali-ty, seen in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and there will be drawn lines between Sigmund Freud’s theories on the human psyche and the literature Freud’s most known theories involve what he describes as, the id, the ego and the super-ego . His theory is that a person’s psyche is split up between these three parts, in most people there is a healthy balance between the three parts, but in people such as murderers there is imbal-ance between the parts, with might cause them to not reflect morally on their actions, thus maybe making them feel okay with murdering someone. Serial killers are described to have a more dominant than normal id, and a much smaller to non-existent super-ego, therefore mak-ing them feel that killing is just a tool for getting to their goal, and since their super-ego isn’t telling them no, they see no problem with using murder as a tool, they might even see it as a necessity.
Temptation Ramifications In Stevenson's novella, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Jekyll gives Lanyon, his distant friend, a critical choice: he can take the potion Lanyon had helped him obtain or he can leave without any explanation. He says “will you be wise? Will you be guided?...or has the greed of curiosity too much commanded you...as you decide you shall be left …. neither richer nor wiser.” (40) Jekyll, in his creation of Hyde, gave into temptations yet he still refers to it as negative or “greedy”. Furthermore, the words “wise” is used twice in contradicting ways.
Dostoyevsky depicts a world full of segregation and division between social classes. Thus, in stark contrast to the previous Romantic writings of William Wordsworth, Mary Shelley, John Keats etc, Dostoyevsky portrays a division of classes which is cut and
The setting of a story can be useful in placing and describing the location of the plot to not only keep the story grounded, but to also give details to the characters and their personalities. The story “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” written by Robert Louis Stevenson, uses the settings and locations to help describe and represent the opposing personalities of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in the larger narrative. Using a dark and eerie setting while showcasing a character like Hyde helps bring out the mysterious character traits that he portrays, whereas using a setting that is more defined in a lighthearted place to help bring out Jekyll’s character encourages the contrast between the two characters. When the character Mr. Hyde is first introduced through another character named Mr. Enfield, Enfield describes the setting of the meeting to be eerie and dark, “about three o’ clock of a black winter morning, and my way lay through a part of town where there was literally nothing to be seen but lamps” (Stevenson, pg.6). As this is the reader’s first introduction to the character, the setting of the location reflects that Mr. Hyde may be a more mysterious character.
Jekyll writes in his confession “Many a man would have even blazoned such irregularities as I was guilty of; but from the high views that I had set before me, I regarded and hid them with an almost morbid sense of shame” (Stevenson 49). Jekyll’s alter-ego Hyde liberates him from the necessity to follow the social conventionality and rules; however, the sensation of deliverance becomes extremely addictive. Contrariwise to Dr. Jekyll, Mr. Hyde is a hideous character without any fears, conscience or remorse that capable to commit a murder. As Enfield describes Hyde to Utterson: “He is not easy to describe. There is something wrong with his appearance; something displeasing, something down-right detestable.
At the same time when Britain was the main governmental and financial strength of the planet, Dickens outlined the life span of the overlooked bad and disadvantaged in the centre of empire. Through his writing he campaigned on particular problems — for example the and also sanitation — in changing view regarding type inequalities, but his hype was possibly even more effective. He bound the general public authorities and organizations that permitted such violations to occur and frequently represented the exploitation and repression of poor people. Their fiction, with frequently brilliant descriptions of existence in nineteenth-century England, has inaccurately and anachronistically arrived at internationally represent Victorian culture (1837-1901) as evenly "Dickensian," when actually, his books ' time period is in the 1780s for the 1860s. Within the decade pursuing his death in 1870, a far more extreme level of philosophically and socially cynical views spent English hype; such styles were to the spiritual belief that eventually kept together also the bleakest of Dickens 's books as opposed.
2.1. Impact of Modernism on English Literature English (2010) stated that the term modernism alludes to the radical movement aesthetic tasteful and social sensibilities obvious in the craftsmanship and literature of the post-World War 1 period. The ordered, stable, and innately important world perspective of the 19th century proved unable as it is composed by Snapper (2009) that accord with the tremendous scene of uselessness and insurgency which is contemporary history. Modernism along these lines denotes a particular break with Victorian middle class ethical quality; dismissing 19th-century good optimism, they displayed a significantly critical photo of a society in chaos. This despondency frequently brings about an evident unresponsiveness and moral relativism.