In 1940 more Jews are deported to concentration camps in Poland (Yeatts 12). Germany created 8 concentration camps from 1939-1940 to hold all types of groups (Concentration Camps, 1932-1942). At the camps, many horrible conditions were experienced. The Nazis were very cruel (Yeatts 13). The camps were scary, you never what was gonna happen and when.
Could you imagine being one of the many victims that were beaten, starved, and tortured to death in a concentration camp? The Holocaust was a genocide that took place in Germany, lasting 4 years. The leader was Adolf Hitler, who believed there was a ‘Jewish Problem’. This genocide took place from 1941-1945, in concentration camps surrounding Poland. The Nazi Party was founded in 1919 and shortly after, Hitler became the leader in 1921.
The Nazis would choose whether they were capable of doing difficult outdoor work or if they should be sent to the gas chambers. 865,000 people did upon arrival, mainly due to gassing (Killing Centers). Thousands of people died from exhaustion from working since they were already weak from having no food (Byers 112). In 1941 Hitler came up with the final solution. He set up killing centers to quickly kill as many Jews as possible.
The victims of the Holocaust comprised of many different factions of people, including the Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, trade unionists, and political opponents of the Nazis. (Vail 112). The Holocaust was a time in history when millions of people were persecuted in Europe by being sent to live in ghettos and eventually to be deported to concentration camps where they were systematically annihilated until the Allied forces liberated the remaining survivors. The Jews were forced into ghettos, which were described as quarantine facilities (Altman 19). One of the phony reasons they gave the public for sending the Jews to the ghettos was so that they wouldn’t have political or economic power (Altman 16).
On November 23, 1939, Germany issues the law of requiring Jewish to identify themselves through custom-made ID’s. A year passes and on October 12 th , Germany establishes the Warsaw Ghetto officially (USHMM, “Warsaw”). With this, it can be proven that Nazi Germany inflicted much pain on the people of Warsaw. More pain was to come as the ghetto was very cruel to their prisoners. cruelty from living quarters to food rationing.
He fled Warsaw and headed East to get away and make a plan. When he returned to Warsaw with his girlfriend the Nazis had already taken over and created barbed wired ghettos. He became active in the underground movement to help people escape this horrific place. There were many ghettos, extermination camps, and labor camps that were destroying the Jewish population. “Hitler and other Nazi leaders viewed the Jews not as a religious group, but as a poisonous "race," which "lived off" the other races and weakened them”(Mordechai Anielewicz).
The Holocaust: The Persecution of the Jews On January 30, 1933 – May 8, 1945, Due to the Nazi 's need to demonstrate their "God-like power". The holocaust is known as one of the most gruesome parts about World War II, the reason for that is because of the Nazi 's, only seeing the Jews as parasites needing to be exterminated, due to their racist and anti-Semitic ideology. On January 30, 1933, Hitler assumed power as chancellor of Germany. He presided over a cabinet in which Nazi minister was still in the minority. On February 27, 1933, Reichstag building was set on fire, it housed to the German parliament.
The Holocaust is a time in history when millions of people were persecuted in Europe by being sent to live in ghettos and eventually being deported to concentration camps where they were systematically annihilated until the Allied forces liberated the remaining survivors. The Jews were moved to the ghettos, because Hitler pushed the Jews to move to the east, then they concore move of the east and move them more to the east. Then “there was no more room for them to move to the east, so they built ghettos for them to live” (Byers 32). But his true intentions were to “separate the Jewish people from manly Germans and also other races” (Allen 37). The Jews were moved to ghettos in the “summer of 1941 were they were first put in the ghettos” (Byers 32).
Most European Jews lived in countries that Nazi Germany would occupy or influence during World War II. By 1945, the Germans and their collaborators killed nearly two out of every three European Jews as part of the "Final Solution," the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe. The city of Warsaw, capital of Poland, flanks both banks of the Vistula River. A city of 1.3 million inhabitants, Warsaw was the capital of the resurrected Polish state in 1919. Before World War II, the city was a major center of Jewish life and culture in Poland.
The Zegota The Zegota was a group of brave people who saved thousands of lives and risked their own lives in the process to save others during World War Two while the Nazi were causing formidable views into the people. The Zegota helped thousands of Jews escape Nazi controlled europe demonstrating that more people should have been saved by others standing up to the Nazis. Background The Zegota was a government financed organized in Europe that hid Jews during World War Two why would people risk their lives to save others? “Zagota played a crucial role in the rescue of several thousand Jews who had survived the massive deportations in the summer of 1942” (Tomaszewski). Although the Zegota operated in a few places it was mostly based in
For example, Poland was defeated on April 9, 1940, and they started invading neutral countries; along with other countries like Italy creating an alliance called the Axis. As time passed, more invasions happened like the Battle of Britain. Along with violating the Treaty of Versailles, Germany also violated the German-Soviet Pact by invading the Union, but they drove the Germans out (Holocaust Museum, n.d.). In June 1941, mass murder began. While on July 3, Joseph Stalin, the Soviet leader, called for a scorched earth policy.
Over the years of 1933-1945 over a million people were killed due to the Holocaust and more than half of them were Jewish. January 20, 1942 there was a meeting called the Wannsee Conference held by Nazi officials and attended by government ministers to discuss the problem of the European Jews. Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Reich Main Security Office was in charge of the meeting. Before this meeting there had been major events that occurred all over Europe causing the Jewish race to become belittled in most of Europe. Adolf Hitler preached that the Jews were not the same as them and Germany needed to remove them from their country and the surrounds areas.
This first stage was the oppression of Jews in Germany and alternate nations attacked by Hitler. It kept going until 1941. Amid this period, while Hitler assembled his energy, Jews were oppressed and brutalized yet there was no composed push to deliberately kill them. In late 1939 Hitler attacked Poland, starting the Second World War. In mid-1941 Hitler attacked the Soviet Union.
Gypsies, physically disabled people and poles were also picked out for demolition for national reasons. From 1942 to 1945, Jews were deported to the camps from all over Europe, many homosexuals were killed also. Auschwitz,and Dachau were the two of the worst, historical concentration camps in Europe. The Terezin concentration camp, also known as Theresienstadt Ghetto, was created by the SS during World War II in the garrison city of Terezín, located in what is now the Czech Republic. The Theresienstadt existed for three and a half years, November 24, 1941 through May 9, 1945.