Oct. 22, 1962, Kennedy had a naval blockade built around Cuba, in order to stop the soviets from sending any more missiles and nuclear weapons, or military supplies. For 13 days in October 1962, the world was almost involved in a nuclear war. In the face of a major crisis, Kennedy showed firmness and resolve, and emerged as both a national and global hero. He emphasized public service. "Ask not what your country can do
During Kennedy’s presidency many crises and policy initiatives took place. One event that took place during Kennedy’s presidency was the Bay of Pigs. The Bay of Pigs was a complete failure and strengthened Cuba’s ties to the Soviet Union, this however, was only the tip of the iceberg. The crisis that proved to be the most dangerous during the Kennedy administration was the Cuban missile crisis. In October of 1962, American spy planes discovered that the Soviet Union was installing missiles in Cuba capable of reaching the United States with nuclear weapons.
As the Britannica Encyclopedia states,“The failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion made Kennedy appear weak, inexperienced, indecisive, and the Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, tried to capitalize on the youthful American president’s failings. Four months after the invasion Khrushchev began building the Wall to divide Communist East Berlin from West Berlin. Less than a year later Khrushchev and Castro planned to install nuclear missiles on the island of Cuba—only ninety miles from the United States—a decision that precipitated the Cuban Missile Crisis and brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.” Additionally, the Office of the Historian states, “The failed invasion strengthened the position of Castro’s administration, which proceeded to openly proclaim its intention to adopt socialism and pursue closer ties with the Soviet Union.” In fact in the words of President Kennedy himself, the president said he wished he had permitted the use of U.S. ships to back up the Cuban exiles. Overall, this failed revolution led to waves of negative repercussions for the US, and strengthened the Castro Regime. Kennedy was capitalized as a weak president, and Fidel Castro declared Cuba as a socialist Marxist
“By threatening withdrawal of economic support, the United States sought to persuade the Diem government to change its brutal policies, Diem resisted denying that Buddhists were being persecuted and charging that in fact they were aiding the communists by demanding a change in government United State advisers warned that Diem’s Popular Regime imperiled the battle against the Viet Cong.” (“Growing Involvement…” 1). Russians sought to install nuclear missiles in Cuba, when it was discovered by air reconnaissance in October 1962. Kennedy imposed a quarantine of all offensive weapons bound for Cuba while the world trembled on the brink of a nuclear war, the Russians backed down and agreed to take the missiles away. The American response to the Cuban missile crisis evidently persuaded Moscow of futility of nuclear blackmail (Freidel 1). “Given believe in the global struggle between east and west in his acceptance of the domino theory, his conviction that Vietnam was the testing ground for combating “war of liberation.” his often zealous commitment to counter in surgery, and his determination never appears soft on communism” (Reeves 411).
(DOC D) shows a map of what happened at this dangerous event. Cuba had missiles that endangered the U.S. population. So in exchange that they took their missiles out of Cuba, the U.S. took their missiles out of Turkey. This shows the U.S. concern of a nuclear war, they obviously don’t want to destroy the whole
One of Kennedy’s greatest examples of Flexible response was during the Cuban missile crisis. When the soviets went past the blockade, Kennedy did not use the nuke button like most of his predecessors would, instead he decided to see what would happen (Bowes 1/20/17). Shortly after the boat crossed it turned right back around and sailed back home. If Kennedy would of taken action this little struggle would of made the soviets retaliate and end up destroying the world. Unlike Truman and Eisenhower, Kennedy focused on Military use one of the big examples is the naval blockade around Cuba.
1) a) John F. Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States; he supported the civil rights of African American and promised to assault the Soviets if they tried forcing communism in America; however, he tried to maintain peace and prevent nuclear war in the United states. 2) b) Flexible response was a policy taken by Kennedy and his team to prevent the occurring of nuclear war and the usage of nuclear weapons because if the nuclear war started it will have a huge effect on the whole country and the citizens. 3) c) Fidel Castro was a leader eho declared himself a communist, thus forcing the communist rule in Cuba. The enforcement led to the Cuban missile crisis and the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. 4) d) Berlin
During the Spanish-American War, the Spanish ruled over Cuba for approximately 400 years and finally, Cuban rebels declared independence. Also during this time, Americans had expansion fever so we decided to help Cubans overthrow the Spanish. However, Americans used yellow journalism to create reenactments of the war to show citizens back home what war was like, but sometimes the reenactments were lies. The war started because the United States’ ship, the Maine, mysteriously exploded in one of the harbors of Cuba and we blamed it on the Spanish with no proof. When the United States attacked Cuba, it was our first attempt at global expansion.
On October 17, 1962, American spy planes photographed these missile sites under construction. Kennedy responded by placing a naval blockade, which he referred to as "quarantine," around Cuba. While his generals and senior advisors were telling him to plan a full-scale raid of the island and while it is underway they all would slip away to the safety of their nuclear bunkers. John Kennedy said no and that if anyone were to die today it were to be them sitting as they were in the white house, the prime targets of those Russian nuclear missiles. JFK saved not only you, but, the entire world that day from nuclear holocaust.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion took place on april 17th, 1961 and it was a failed military invasion/coup of Cuba and its government by a CIA-sponsored paramilitary group known as Brigade 2506. This paramilitary group was trained and funded by the United States Central Intelligence agency (CIA). The invasion was partially caused by the Cuban Revolution of 1952 to 1959 in which dictator Fulgencio Batista, an ally of the United States, was forced into exile. On july 26th, 1959 Fidel Castro was put into power. He then cut the country 's formerly strong links with the US after expropriating the assets of US corporations and mobsters, and developing links with the Soviet Union.
Nikita Khrushchev and John F. Kennedy were the two representatives of the countries that tried to claim this land. The Cuban Missile was a duel between the U.S. and Russia. Over 13 days the U.S. and Russia were in a political and military standoff in 1962 when Russia put Soviet missiles in Cuba. John F. Kennedy notified the Americans that he was going to enforce a naval blockade to stop the Russians from going into Cuba. The Americans were
In April 1961 about 1500 men landed on the beaches of Cuba in what would become known as the Bay of Pigs invasion. Backed by the CIA their intention was to overthrow the new Revolutionary government headed by Fidel Castro, and while the invasion was ultimately a failure the impact of it would ripple throughout the history of Cuba and the world . This paper will examine the direct aftermath of the Cuban revolution focus primarily on the military response and the political response directly after the invasion. This paper will be organized the following way. First it will give a brief rundown of the political situation of Cuba prior to the invasion, secondly it will look at the military reaction of Cuba before finally giving an account of the political outcome of the Bay of Pigs invasion.
President Kennedy 's decision on settling on quarantine, succeeding in getting the missiles out of Cuba while being victorious in America 's eye, and unseeingly straining the soviets relationship with Cuba was a triumph. In September 1962 the Cuban and Soviet governments began to build bases of medium range nuclear missiles that were able to destroy almost all of the United
On October 22, President Kennedy spoke to the nation about the crisis in a televised address. Following the address, many people feared the world was on the brink of a nuclear war. But believe it or not, a huge catastrophe was escaped when the U.S. agreed to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s offer which was to remove the Cuban missiles in exchange for the U.S. promising not to invade Cuba. American intervention has happened many times in the Latin American country Cuba. Sometimes the American intervention in Cuba it resulted in positive results, sometimes it resulted in not so positive results.
Communism then took root in Cuba with Fidel Castro as the Prime Minister or dictator. In 1960 Fidel Castro nationalized U.S. companies in Cuba. At this time Cuba also became friends and traded with the Soviet Union, and at one point allowed the Soviet Union to put a missile base in Cuba. This was a big threat to the United States since Cuba was only 90 miles by sea from the U.S. The United States at that time also had a bad relationship with the Soviet Union since this was during the time of the Cold War.