And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you. Observe your duty to God, and know that God is with the pious.’ According to this source, Muslims must fight their enemies not because of who they are, but because of what they have done to them and what they continue to do to them. Jihad has many forms and this is as follows: jihad of the heart and soul, jihad by the tongue, jihad by the pen/knowledge, jihad by the hand and jihad by the sword. Jihad of the heart and soul refers to one’s inner struggle of good against evil and refraining from becoming influenced by the Shaitan, also known as Satan. It is known as a process in Islam to transform one’s soul to achieve internal peace; excluding hatred and anger.
It taught me that when working with Muslims I should keep in mind their faith and what they believe is their true purpose in life and treat them with that purpose in mind. Another way this experience has influenced practice is that it has aided in my belief of never assuming. I assumed all these different things about the Islamic culture and I truly I had no idea of what it was like. Also the experience has shed an importance of language in my practice. When working with individuals of different cultures it is important to know their language and what they call themselves and other things in their religion.
Our group discussed the Ottoman empire and their management of religion, economy, and political power that makes the Ottomans so great. Erika talked about how using taxes and drafting other religions to prevent revolt and integrate them into Ottoman society. We discussed that suppressing the christians and giving them a path to achieve wealth and success is what caused the empire to flourish. We talked about how empires fell because of internal strife, rebellion, outside forces, or disease. The devshirme that Vaughn mentioned prevented major religion tension.
Civil disobedience is the deliberate action against an unjust law to invoke a positive change in government and society. Civilians have the right to refute these types of unjust laws to eliminate inequality and government’s unjust nature by following conscience before laws for moral guidance. As demonstrated in Antigone, this is depicted by the daughter of Oedipus, who disobeys Creon’s law for the greater good because of the laws unjust nature. In Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau, a naturalist, promotes this concept as well through his philosophical standpoint of the flaws of the government. Lastly, in Dr. King’s letter he qualifies the idea of civilians disobeying their government through non violent campaigns to stand up against
It was told that any Crusader would be rewarded a place in heaven, and forgiven their sins. The Crusades involved not only knights and warriors, but also commoners of both genders. Helping the Byzantine emperor Alexios meant protecting the citizens of Constantinople from falling under Muslim rule. Jihad, often thought of as a synonym for terrorism - recurrently thought of as acting in the name of Allah, means an internal moral struggle. Like a Jihad, the Crusades were postulant expeditions in the name of God, to protect the Holy Land from the Arab Muslims.
No one can say if someone else is right or wrong, it is a matter of personal opinion and no society can pass judgement on another society. The current movement to understand the radical Islam is a sign that relativism is growing. The cultural relativists believe Westerners should not impose their ideas on Islamic world, including the idea that the Terrorist bombing of civilians is evil. Islamic belief in the necessity of jihad is just as valid as any belief in the western civilian, the relativists assert, and they believe that the terrorist attack is not only their fault (Mamdani,
104: The Slanderer This passage is probably about one or a few people in Mecca before Muhammad was exiled. During this time he was trying to convince people to only follow Allah. He was arguing against the polytheistic aristocracy of Mecca.This condemnation showed that salvation is not only about wealth. It is about good works and believing in Allah. This passage also shows that the Qur 'an is vehemently anti-lying.
These Crusades, or “holy wars”, were driven by religious faith within varieties of religion like Muslims and Christians. To begin with, these Crusades were somewhat responsible for bringing people of the same religion together. In John Green’s Crash Course 15 he stated, “The best way to get people to unite is to give them a common enemy.” This is what the Crusades did. They gave a target, which was a holy land that was owned by another religion, and gathered people to fight for it. For example, the
Some of these people were willing to fight for this religion. They fought united in their belief for Allah, oversaw by religious leadership believed to have been sent by their god. Devotees of Islam forged an empire that influenced citizens then, and now.
From the beginnings of Muhammad’s revelation to today, Muslims have kept his teachings to heart. To help continue the Islam lifestyle, Muhammad created the Five Pillars of Islam to sustain the religion and followers. In The World’s Religions, Huston Smith gives descriptions for all five pillars to help outsiders to understand and appreciate the faith more, which can do just that. The first of the Five Pillars is the Shahadah. It is the Islam Creed which is simple the “confession of faith” (216).